Colonel Richard Holland’s Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelRichard Holland
Area RaisedLancashire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison
Holland 1643
Fairfax 1643-4

Parliamentarian regiment of foot serving in Lancashire during the first civil war

Service History


  • September: Besieged in Manchester


  • February: Storm of Preston
  • March: Garrisoned at Lancaster (two companies)
  • March: Defence of Bolton
  • April: Storm of Wigan
  • 30th June: Battle of Adwalton Moor


  • 25th January: Battle of Nantwich
  • February to May: First Siege of Lathom House


  • July to December: Second Siege of Lathom House (?)


  • Disbanded


Raised in the Salford Hundred by the local gentry who ‘with their tenants and well-affected neighbours’ joined in the defence of Manchester 1). Often brigaded with Ralph Ashton's Regiment until the battle of Nantwich.

Holland was described as cautious and conservative.2). In March 1643 the regiment was ordered to march for the relief of Wem in Shropshire; Holland wrote that his troops were suffering 'sicknesse, diseases and other disasters of warre', of those who were fit they were 'discouraged and mutinous through want of pay and clothing'. Lord Derby's night attack on Bolton (28th March 1643) meant the order was cancelled. This reputation for mutinous conduct was cemented by their behaviour at Lathom House 3).

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Colonel Richard Holland

Richard Holland Governor of Manchester, MP for Lancashire

Capt Thomas Chetham

Captain Thomas Chetham (baptised 1599, died 1657) of Nuthurst, Lancashire. Eldest son of James Chetham of Nuthurst and his wife Margery, daughter of John Cudworth of Werneth, Lancashire. Cousin of Sir Humphrey Chetham (founder of the the Bluecoat School and Library in Manchester, Parliament's treasurer of Lancashire). He ‘fought both within and outside Lancashire between 1642 and 1646’ 4)

Regimental officers

  • Lt-Col James Cantrell
  • Major Richard Radcliffe - of Radcliffe Hall, Salford
  • Captain Robert Ashton
  • Captain John Booth
  • Captain Thomas Chetham
  • Captain Richard Halliwell
  • Captain Joshua Radcliffe


See Also

1) , 3) Tracts Relating To Military Proceedings In Lancashire During The Great Civil War: Commencing With The Removal, By Parliament, Of James, Lord Strange… And Terminating With His Execution At…, George Ormerod reprinted 2012, Nabu Press ISBN:1286579775
2) A General Plague of Madness, The Civil Wars in Lancashire 1640-1660, Stephen Bull 2009, Carnegie ISBN:9781859361917
4) Humphrey Chetham 1580-1653: Fortune, Politics and Mercantile Culture in Seventeenth Century England, S.J.Guscott 2003, Chetham Society ISBN:1858251915