Earl of Manchester’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Manchester
Area RaisedEssex
Coat ColourGreen lined red
Red lined Green
Flag Coloursee below
Flag Design
Field ArmiesManchester 1643-4

Parliamentarian regiment of foot of the commander of the Eastern Association

Service History


  • August: Raised in Essex
  • September: Manchester requests drums, colours, halberds, partizans and clothes from the Essex committee
  • September: Siege of King’s Lynn?
  • October to November: Siege of Bolingbroke Castle?
  • October: Siege of Lincoln?


  • May: Siege of Lincoln
  • May to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Standoff at Donnington



Coats, Flags & Equipment

There are references to Manchester's foot ordering green coats lined in red (2100 in October 1643) and red coats lined in green. Whether one is an error, they wore different colours at different times, or part of the regiment were red-coated and part green-coated is unclear 1). Spring proposes that, since it was a double-sized regiment, one 'battalion' wore green lined red and the other red lined green2).

Manchester requested drums, colours, halberds, partizans and clothes in 1643. Capt Walden also requested a partisan, halberds, ensign, and drums, pikes and corslets, muskets, rests and bandoliers and swords for both officers and soldiers. Whether the regiment actually received armour for their pikemen and musket rests for their musketeers is unknown.

Unfortunately there are no known contemporary descriptions of the flags of Manchester's regiment. The Earl of Manchester's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot re-enactment society use a conjectural blue flag differenced by white lozenges, inspired by Manchester's coat of arms.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment’s officers is shown in Laurence Spring’s Regiments of the Eastern Association3)

Earl of Manchester

Lieutenant-Colonel Clifton


  • The regiment appears to have been 'double' consisting of as many as 20 companies
  • May 1644: 1628 men
  • May 1644: 1572 men
  • June 1644: 1045 men
  • July 1644: 1120 men
  • January 1645: 1039 men

See Also

The Earl of Manchester's Foot are re-enacted by The Earl of Manchester's Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot.

1) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
2) , 3) The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 1, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8