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new-model-army:foot-regiments:sir-thomas-fairfax [21/03/2013 01:29]
127.0.0.1 external edit
new-model-army:foot-regiments:sir-thomas-fairfax [22/02/2017 22:32] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​new-model-army:​foot-regiments:​generic-green.png?​200|}}|+|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​green_wavy.png?200|}}((Flag images by kind permission of [[http://​www.wargamesdesigns.com/​ecw.html|Wargames Designs]]))|
 |**Active**|1645 to 1660| |**Active**|1645 to 1660|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
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 | |Earl of Peterborough| | |Earl of Peterborough|
 |**Area Raised**||  |**Area Raised**||
-|**Coat Colour**|Red| +|**Coat Colour**|Red ​lined Blue|
 |**Flag Colour**|Green?​|  |**Flag Colour**|Green?​|
 |**Flag Design**|Unknown|  |**Flag Design**|Unknown|
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 ====1645==== ====1645====
   *April: Formed from the [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-manchester|Earl of Manchester’s Regiment of Foot]] and the [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-essex|Earl of Essex’s Regiment of Foot]]   *April: Formed from the [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-manchester|Earl of Manchester’s Regiment of Foot]] and the [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​earl-of-essex|Earl of Essex’s Regiment of Foot]]
-  *June: Battle of Naseby+  *14th June: Battle of Naseby
   *June: Siege of Leicester   *June: Siege of Leicester
   *July: Battle of Ilminster (musket det)   *July: Battle of Ilminster (musket det)
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 ====1646==== ====1646====
-  *February: Battle of Torrington+  *16th February: Battle of Torrington
   *May to June: Siege of Oxford   *May to June: Siege of Oxford
   *May to July: Siege of Wallingford   *May to July: Siege of Wallingford
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 ====1648==== ====1648====
   *Join Lambert at Catterick   *Join Lambert at Catterick
-  *August: Battle of Preston+  *17th - 18th August: Battle of Preston
   *August: Battle of Winwick Pass    *August: Battle of Winwick Pass 
   *September: Taking of Berwick   *September: Taking of Berwick
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   *Regiment passes from Fairfax to Cromwell   *Regiment passes from Fairfax to Cromwell
   *July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell ​   *July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell ​
-  *September: Battle of Dunbar+  *3rd September: Battle of Dunbar
   *September: Lt Col Goffe promoted to Colonel   *September: Lt Col Goffe promoted to Colonel
   *September to December: Siege of Edinburgh Castle   *September to December: Siege of Edinburgh Castle
 ====1651==== ====1651====
   *January: Attempt to take Burntisland (det)   *January: Attempt to take Burntisland (det)
-  *September: Battle of Worcester+  *3rd September: Battle of Worcester
 ====1652==== ====1652====
   *June to 1654: Detachments employed on board the fleet as marines in the First Anglo-Dutch War   *June to 1654: Detachments employed on board the fleet as marines in the First Anglo-Dutch War
 ====1653==== ====1653====
-  *December: Goffe clears out the House of Commons with two files of musketeers+  *December: Goffe clears out the House of Commons with two files of musketeers ​when the Nominated Assembly (Barebones Parliament) surrenders its powers to Cromwell.
 ====1654==== ====1654====
 ====1655==== ====1655====
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 By 1658 Goffe was re-appointed Colonel, being replaced successively by Ludlow, Morley and the Earl of Peterborough during the Restoration crisis. The regiment were finally disbanded in November 1660 at Reading.  ​ By 1658 Goffe was re-appointed Colonel, being replaced successively by Ludlow, Morley and the Earl of Peterborough during the Restoration crisis. The regiment were finally disbanded in November 1660 at Reading.  ​
 +
  
 ===== Coats, Flags and Equipment===== ===== Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
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 On the 23rd of April 1645 Fairfax’s regiment were provided with funds to buy 10 new colours. ​ The colour of the flags was not noted, though blue or green have been proposed. There is a quote from a contemporary news-sheet //Sir Thomas Fairfaxes colours are blew// (Perfect Passages April 1645), but this could equally well refer to Fairfax’s regiment of horse or his favoured sash or ribbon colour for the army. Blue was also the colour associated with Tom Fairfax during the First Civil War, referred to by his uncle Charles. In May 1647 Levellers from the regiment called themselves //souldiers of the Greene regiment of foot//. This very probably refers to the colour of their flags. ​ On the 23rd of April 1645 Fairfax’s regiment were provided with funds to buy 10 new colours. ​ The colour of the flags was not noted, though blue or green have been proposed. There is a quote from a contemporary news-sheet //Sir Thomas Fairfaxes colours are blew// (Perfect Passages April 1645), but this could equally well refer to Fairfax’s regiment of horse or his favoured sash or ribbon colour for the army. Blue was also the colour associated with Tom Fairfax during the First Civil War, referred to by his uncle Charles. In May 1647 Levellers from the regiment called themselves //souldiers of the Greene regiment of foot//. This very probably refers to the colour of their flags. ​
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +
 ====Sir Thomas Fairfax==== ====Sir Thomas Fairfax====
-[[http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/fairfax.htm|Sir Thomas Fairfax]]+[[http://bcw-project.org/biography/sir-thomas-fairfax|Sir Thomas Fairfax]] ​Leading Parliamentarian general of the First and Second Civil Wars and Lord-General of the New Model Army. He refused to fight against Charles II in the Third Civil War and supported the Restoration.
 ====Oliver Cromwell==== ====Oliver Cromwell====
-[[http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/​oliver-cromwell.htm|Oliver Cromwell]]+[[http://bcw-project.org/biography/​oliver-cromwell|Oliver Cromwell]] ​Rose from obscurity to become the most successful military and political leader of the Civil Wars. Lord Protector of England from 1654-8, he was offered—and refused—the Crown itself.
 ====Colonel William Goffe==== ====Colonel William Goffe====
-[[http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/goffe.htm|William Goffe]]+[[http://bcw-project.org/biography/william-goffe|William Goffe]] ​Radical army officer, regicide and Major-General who escaped to New England at the Restoration and became part of colonial folklore.
 ====Colonel Edmund Ludlow==== ====Colonel Edmund Ludlow====
-[[http://www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/biog/ludlow.htm|Edmund Ludlow]]+[[http://bcw-project.org/biography/edmund-ludlow|Edmund Ludlow]] ​Religious radical, republican and regicide who bitterly opposed Cromwell'​s elevation as Lord Protector and was the last surviving adherent of the “Good Old Cause”.
 ====Colonel Herbert Morley==== ====Colonel Herbert Morley====
 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Herbert_Morley|Herbert Morley]] [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Herbert_Morley|Herbert Morley]]
 ====Earl of Peterborough==== ====Earl of Peterborough====
 [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Henry_Mordaunt,​_2nd_Earl_of_Peterborough|Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough]] [[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Henry_Mordaunt,​_2nd_Earl_of_Peterborough|Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough]]
 +
 +====Officer Lists====
 +More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in //​Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649// by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7. ​
 +===May 1645===
 +From //Anglia Rediviva//​((Sprigge,​ Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647))
 +  *Sir Thomas Fairfax'​s Regiment of Foot, his own company commanded by Captain-Lieutenant Fortescue
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel: Thomas Jackson
 +  *Major: Cooke
 +  *Captain: Samuel Gooday
 +  *Captain: Vincent Boyce
 +  *Captain: Foulke Muskett
 +  *Captain: Manesty
 +  *Captain: Thomas Highfield
 +  *Captain: Francis White
 +  *Captain: William Bland
 +
 +===December 1646===
 +From //Anglia Rediviva//​((Sprigge,​ Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647))
 +  *Sir Thomas Fairfax'​s Regiment of Foot, his own company commanded by Captain-Lieutenant Aidley
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel: Thomas Jackson
 +  *Major: Samuel Gooday
 +  *Captain: William Bland
 +  *Captain: Vincent Boyce
 +  *Captain: Foulke Muskett
 +  *Captain: Wolfe
 +  *Captain: Thomas Highfield
 +  *Captain: Francis White
 +  *Captain: William Leigh
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1645: Established at 1000 men in ten companies (probably not up to strength)   *1645: Established at 1000 men in ten companies (probably not up to strength)
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 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 Fairfax'​s Regiment is re-enacted by [[http://​www.fairfaxsk.org.uk/​index.html|Sir Thomas Fairfax'​s Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot. Fairfax'​s Regiment is re-enacted by [[http://​www.fairfaxsk.org.uk/​index.html|Sir Thomas Fairfax'​s Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot.
 +
 +The [[http://​ffxlearn.zf4.biz/​index.php?​title=Main_Page|Fairfax Battalia]] of the English Civil War Society has an article on the regiment in their regimental wiki.