Sir James Ramsay’s Regiment of Horse

Active1640 to 1641
1644 to 1646
ConflictsSecond Bishops' War
First Civil War
ColonelSir James Ramsay
Area RaisedLothian
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1640-1
Callendar 1644
Balfour 1644
Leven 1645

Covenanter regiment of horse raised for the Second Bishops War, then for service in England, returning to Scotland to fight Montrose, later serving at the siege of Newark

Service History


  • Raised in Lothian
  • August: Join Leslie's army at Duns
  • August to August 1641: Quartered outside Newcastle


  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London


  • Spring: Raised for service in England
  • June: Join Callendar's force
  • September: Return to Scotland
  • October: Battle of Fyvie (3 troops)


  • Return to England
  • Spring: Ramsay made governor of Berwick, probably the regiment garrisons Berwick
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Taking of Newark
  • Quartered in Cleveland
  • Return to Scotland


  • February: Disbanded


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Also known at the Lothian Horse in 1640. Furgol suggests that Routmaster Robert Dundas’ Troop of Horse may have joined the regiment around July 1644.


Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir James Ramsay

Major General of Horse in 1644. Appointed governor of Berwick after Fyvie


  • January 1646: 417 strong at Newark in 8 troops

See Also