Lord Montgomerie’s Regiment of Horse

1644 to 1648
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
First Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelLord Montgomerie
David Barclay
Area RaisedAyr
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Callendar 1644
Leslie 1645
Middleton 1646
Charles 1651?

Later Colonel David Barclay’s Regiment of Horse

Covenanter regiment of horse serving in the Bishops' Wars then with Callendar and returning to Scotland serving under Leslie

Service History


  • April: Commissioned to raise horse for Lord Johnstone's command
  • Join Leslie’s army at Duns Law
  • June: Standoff at Duns Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks


  • Raised anew in Ayr for service in England
  • May: Quartered at Carnesellock
  • June: Enter England with Callendar
  • June: Taking of Morpeth
  • July: Repulsed from Gateshead
  • July to September: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Return to Scotland


  • September: Battle of Philiphaugh
  • October: Serving under Middleton
  • November: Quartered in Fife, Perth and Clackmannanshire
  • December: Two companies of Lord Coupar’s Dragoons added to the regiment
  • December: Detachment of 37 men sent to the Siege of Newark


  • March: Siege of Kincardine Castle
  • March: Relief of Inverness



  • January: Barclay married at Duffus, Moray
  • March: In garrison at Bog of Gight, Strathbogie and Lochkendar
  • May: Barclay promoted to colonel and ordered to raise another troop of 80 horse from Easter Ross, Sutherland and Caithness
  • May: Sharp's company of Dragoons added to Barclay's regiment
  • September: Barclay sides with the Engagers
  • September: Take Stirling?
  • September: Disbanded


  • June: Montgomerie commissioned colonel of Ayrshire horse, though uncertain if any arrived in time
  • September: Battle of Worcester? Montgomerie captured


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1651 the regiment was commissioned but it is not known if recruits arrived in time to accompany Montgomerie to Worcester.


Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Lord Montgomerie

David Barclay

Major in 1646, commanded the independent troop derived from the regiment in 1647


  • Autumn 1645: 600 strong
  • February 1647: 80 in 1 troop
  • Summer 1648: 2 troops of horse, 1 of dragoons
  • June 1651: 200 levies planned

See Also