Lord Gordon’s Regiment of Horse

ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelLord Gordon
Nathaniel Gordon
Lord Lewis Gordon
Area RaisedVarious
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBalfour 1644
Argyll 1644
Montrose 1645
Huntly 1646

Later led by Nathaniel Gordon, then Lord Lewis Gordon

Gordon horse originally raised for the Covenanters but changed sides to the Royalists and fought alongside Montrose

Service History


  • Lord Gordon commissioned to raise a regiment of 8 troops for the Covenanters


  • February: Raised in Aberdeenshire, Banffshire, Moray and Northern Scotland
  • Based in Moray
  • March: Fail to appear at Berwick
  • Summer: Parts of regiment join Callendar at Newcastle
  • September: Return to Scotland
  • September: Lord Lewis Gordon leads 18 horse at the Battle of Aberdeen
  • October: Under Maj Gen Ramsey's command
  • November: Serving with Argyll


  • February: Lord Gordon change sides to become Royalist, his horse either follow him or disperse
  • February: Taking of Elgin
  • March: Skirmish at Fettercairn?
  • April: Storm of Dundee
  • 9th May: Battle of Auldearn - ~200 men
  • 2nd July: Battle of Alford - ~200 men
  • 15th August: Battle of Kilsyth - ~80 men


  • May: Taking of Aberdeen


A history of the unit in Covenanter service is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0


Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers in Covenanter service is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Lord Gordon

Lord George Gordon, first son and heir of George Gordon, 2nd Marquis of Huntly was killed at the Battle of Alford in July 1645.

Viscount Aboyne

James Gordon, 2nd Viscount Aboyne, was the second son of George Gordon, 2nd Marquis of Huntly. He continued in armed resistance to the Covenanters until captured in December 1647, whereupon he escaped and fled to France. In 1649 he died in France, some say of grief at the King's execution.

Nathaniel Gordon

Killed at Alford

Lord Lewis Gordon

Lord Lewis Gordon the third son of George Gordon, 2nd Marquis of Huntly succeeded his father as 3rd Marquis of Huntly in 1649. He has been characterised as either heroic or rash to the point of insanity.


  • Auldearn: About 200 strong
  • Alford: About 200 strong
  • Kilsyth: About 80 strong

See Also