Colonel Jonas Vandruske’s Regiment of Horse

Active1645 to 1646, 1651
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelJonas Vandruske
Area RaisedEngland
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1645-6
Charles 1651

Horse regiment forming part of the Covenanter army in 1645, but composed mainly of Englishmen left unemployed after the creation of the New Model Army. Raised again in 1651

Service History


  • Raised from unemployed troopers in England
  • July: Siege of Hereford?
  • October: Battle of Carlisle Sands?
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • January: Quartered in Yorkshire
  • Coerce money from Yorkshire, Lincolnshire & Derbyshire
  • May: Taking of Newark
  • June: Regiment disgraced for plundering and is disbanded


  • April: Re-raised
  • May: Assigned to Vandruske's 6th Cavalry Brigade
  • August: Cochrane appointed to lead Vandruske's horse in Scotland (a detachment?)
  • August: Cochrane and the Laird of Blantyre flee from Colonel Okey into the Highlands
  • September: Battle of Worcester


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

By May 1646 the regiment had earned notoriety for plundering. Parliamentarians claimed it consisted of Catholics, Irish, Scots, Dutch, French and English, mostly ex-Royalist officers, robbers, murderers, horse-thieves and former Royalists of the Newark horse. In June, after a countrywide outcry, the Scots began to disband the regiment.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Jonas Vandruske

A Dutchman, variously spelt Van Druschke, Van Druske etc. Previously led a regiment of horse in Waller’s army, Colonel Jonas Vandruske's Regiment of Horse, until it was disbanded in April 1645. Led a brigade of Charles II's Scots army at Worcester in the Third Civil War and was captured there.


  • January 1646: 324 troopers in 7 troops, 6 sick, 13 absent without leave

See Also