Earl of Lanark’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644 to 1647
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelEarl of Lanark
Duke of Hamilton
Area RaisedClydesdale
Lanarkshire & Stirling
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644
Leslie 1645
Charles 1651

Covenanter horse raised for service in England, but serving mostly in Scotland. Raised again in the Third Civil War

Service History


  • April: Raised in Clydesdale
  • May: 2 troops quartered in Dumfries
  • Serve briefly with Callendar in England before returning to Scotland
  • August to October: 1 troop (Calhoun's) in garrison at Caerlaverock Castle


  • September: Battle of Philiphaugh
  • September: Quartered at Glasgow
  • November: 200 dragoons to be raised in Clydesdale
  • Quartered in Clydesdale and Lennox
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark (det)
  • December: Quartered in Ayrshire, Renfrewshire and Lanrkshire


  • Serve in northeastern Scotland


  • April: Probably disbanded


  • May: Lanark commissioned colonel of Lanarkshire horse
  • September: One troop quartered in Ayrshire is attacked by Whiggamores under Robert Montgomery
  • September: Likely disbanded after the treaty of Stirling


  • March: Lanark, now 2nd Duke of Hamilton commissioned colonel of horse from Clydesdale
  • Spring: Raiding English garrisons in Clydesdale
  • May: Assigned to the 7th Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester Hamilton captured and dies from his wounds on the 12th


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In the First Civil War included 2 companies of dragoons.

The 1648 Engager unit likely remained in Scotland.

Likely included reformados and gentleman volunteers in 1651.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Lanark and 2nd Duke of Hamilton

William Hamilton, Earl of Lanark, then 2nd Duke of Hamilton was brother of the 1st Duke who had led the engagers at Preston. He inherited the Dukedom in 1649 after his brother's execution. Leading his cavalry regiment at Worcester, he died of wounds received at the battle.


  • May 1644: 6 troops of horse and 2 companies of dragoons
  • May 1648: One troop of 80 authorised
  • 1648: At least 2 troops; Lanark's and John Murray of Polmaise's
  • june 1651: Clydesdale ordered to levy 180 troopers, West Lothian 66

See Also