Viscount Arbuthnott’s Regiment of Foot

Active 1644
1649 to 1650
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelViscount Arbuthnott
Earl Marischal
Area RaisedMearns
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesArgyll 1644

Covenanter regiment of foot from Mearns jointly commanded by Arbuthnott and the Earl Marischal and a regiment Arbuthnott attempted to raise in 1649

Service History


  • April: Raised in the Mearns
  • April: Join Argyll at Dunottar Castle
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen
  • May: Storm of Drum Castle
  • May: Siege of Kellie Castle
  • May: Return to Aberdeen and disbanded


  • February: Arbuthnott commissioned Colonel of a foot regiment to be raised in the Mearns and Aberdeenshire
  • July: Ordered to Perth, only 1 company raised


  • October: Major Straquhan refuses a post in the regiment


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Raised and disbanded within the space of two months, the 1644 regiment formed part of Argyll’s force.

Arbuthnott seems to have struggled to raise men for the 1649 regiment; it was likely never completed and saw no action. Although it's possible whatever men were raised fought at Dunbar, this would need confirmation.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Viscount Arbuthnott

Earl Marischal


  • April 1644: 500 foot
  • February 1649: Planned to raise 800 men
  • July 1649: 1 company of 80 men
  • July 1649: Permission to levy another 450 foot
  • July 1650: Permission to levy 900 foot

See Also