Sir Thomas Ruthven of Freeland’s Regiment of Foot

Active1643 to 1647
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelSir Thomas Ruthven
Area RaisedPerthshire
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourBlue (1650)
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesArgyll 1644
Callendar 1644
Leven 1645
Leslie 1650

Covenanter foot serving at a series of sieges in England, raised again in the Third Civil War

Service History


  • Ruthven commissioned Colonel


  • Raised in Perthshire for service in England
  • April: Rendevous with Argyll at Dunottar Castle
  • April to May: Serving under Argyll against Huntly
  • May: Taking of Aberdeen
  • June: Join Callendar
  • July to September: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Return to Scotland


  • June: Siege of Carlisle (8 companies)
  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Taking of Newark
  • September to January 1646: Quartered in county Durham


  • February: Return to Scotland and disbanded


  • Raised anew in Perthshire
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - Destroyed.


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Furgol suspects that the regiment might not have existed in 1650 as Ruthven wasn't commissioned, the only evidence for it being a list of regiments at Dunbar compiled by the English.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Ruthven's colours are tentatively identified from those captured at Dunbar. The Colonel's had a white field with blue saltire in a canton, another was plain blue, a third was blue with a white saltire.1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir Thomas Ruthven of Freeland


  • June 1643: 256 men
  • December 1645: 387 men in 6 companies
  • January 1646: 349 men
  • April 1646: 345 men

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988