Sir John Home of Ayton’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1647
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Colonel Sir John Home of Ayton
Ludovick Leslie
Area RaisedFife
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644
Leslie 1644

Later Colonel Ludovick Leslie’s Regiment of Foot

Covenanter Regiment of Foot serving at the siege of Newcastle, then garrison of Tynemouth Castle

Service History


  • April: Commissioned to be raised in Fife
  • June: Enter England as part of Callendar's army
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle
  • Leslie replaces Home as Colonel
  • November: Garrison of Tynemouth Castle
  • Temporarily reduced to a single company to garrison Tynemouth Castle


  • Garrison of Tynemouth Castle
  • Recruited back to strength


  • Garrison of Tynemouth Castle


  • January: Evacuate Tynemouth Castle
  • February: Disbanded


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The regiment served in the 4th brigade at the storm of Newcastle, after which it went into garrison under Ludovick Leslie at Tynemouth Castle. Reduced to a single company by sickness and plague at the end of 1644, the regiment was rebuilt the next year, remaining at Tynemouth until disbanded in 1647.

Coats and Flags

Probably the usual Scots hodden grey.

Notable Officers

Sir John Home of Ayton

Or Aytoun

Ludovick Leslie

Quartermaster General


  • Winter 1644: Reduced to 1 company due to plague
  • May 1645: Recruited up to 425 men
  • December 1645: 632 men
  • July 1646: 714 men

See Also