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The Master of Yester’s Regiment of Foot

1643 to 1648
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
First Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelMaster of Yester
Area RaisedPeeblesshire
Tweeddale and Linlithgow
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite Saltire
Field ArmiesLeven 1644-5
Leslie 1645
Hamilton 1648

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for the Bishops' Wars, then seeing service in England, Scotland and in the Second Civil War

Service History


  • Raised in Peeblesshire
  • March: Taking of Dalkeith House
  • June: Join Leslie’s army at Duns Law
  • June: Standoff at Duns Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks


  • Raised anew in Linlithgow and Tweeddale


  • January: Taking of Warkworth?
  • One company remains in garrison at Warkworth (Capt Lyle)
  • March: Storm of South Shields Fort
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle


  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • September: Battle of Philiphaugh (det)


  • Raised anew in Haddington
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Flags from the regiment were captured at Preston. The Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies carried blue flags. The white flag had a silver goat’s head crest, with the motto SPARE NOCHT and an ornate scroll reading COVENANT for Religion KING and Kingdomes. Flags of the other companies were blue with a white saltire and a central silver goat's head surrounded by a wreath. The inscription was Couenant for Religion King and Kingdomes1)

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

John Hay, Master of Yester


See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988