The Master of Yester’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Flag Illustration 22)
1643 to 1647
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
First Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelMaster of Yester
Area RaisedPeeblesshire
Tweeddale and Linlithgow
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourBlue
Flag DesignWhite Saltire
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Leven 1644-5
Leslie 1645
Hamilton 1648

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for the Bishops' Wars, then seeing service in England, Scotland and in the Second Civil War

Service History


  • Raised in Peeblesshire
  • March: Taking of Dalkeith House
  • June: Join Leslie’s army at Duns Law
  • June: Standoff at Duns Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks


  • August: Hay commissioned colonel, regiment raised anew in Linlithgow and Tweeddale


  • January: Taking of Warkworth?
  • One company remains in garrison at Warkworth (Capt Lyle)
  • March: Storm of South Shields Fort
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to August: Quartered at Leeds
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle


  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • July: Small detachment sent to siege of Carlisle
  • August: Detachment of 180 men return to Scotland with Leslie
  • September: Battle of Philiphaugh (det)


  • Quartered in England


  • January: Return to Scotland
  • February: Disbanded


  • May: Hay commissioned colonel to raise the regiment anew in Haddington and Tweedale
  • July: Create a disturbance at Oldhamstocks Kirk
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. Flags from the regiment were captured at Preston. The Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies carried blue flags. The white flag had a silver goat’s head crest, with the motto SPARE NOCHT and an ornate scroll reading COVENANT for Religion KING and Kingdomes (Illustration 1). Flags of the other companies were blue with a white saltire and a central silver goat's head surrounded by a wreath. The inscription was Couenant for Religion King and Kingdomes (Illustration 2)3)

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

John Hay, Master of Yester

John Hay, 1st Lord of Yester then succeeded to the title 1st Earl of Tweeddale in 1654.


  • November 1645: 299 officers & men
  • November 1645: 367 officers & men
  • December 1645: 429 officers & men
  • January 1646: 516 officers & men
  • July 1646: 632 officers & men
  • August 1646: 686 officers & men
  • May 1648: 1200 foot commissioned to be raised
  • August: 81 officers and men surrender at Warrington

See Also

1) , 2) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
3) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988