James Elphinstone, Lord Coupar’s Regiment of Foot

1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
First Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelLord Coupar
Area RaisedStrathearn
Coat ColourGrey
Flag ColourWhite(1650)
Flag DesignColonel's only
Field ArmiesMontrose 1639
Leven 1643-5
Leslie 1645
Middleton 1646
Leslie 1650

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for the Bishops' Wars then for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, raised again in 1650

Service History


  • March: Raised in Strathearn, Perthshire
  • March: Occupy Aberdeen with Montrose
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen with Montrose
  • June: Battle of Megray Hill
  • June: Skirmish at Big o’ Dee
  • June: Occupy Aberdeen
  • June: Disband after the Treaty of Birks


  • August: Coupar commissioned colonel, the regiment raised anew in Strathearn


  • January: Join Leven's army
  • February to April: Detached under Lumsden's command
  • April: Guard a powder convoy to York
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quartered in Yorkshire
  • August to October: Siege of Newcastle


  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • 13th September: Battle of Philiphaugh (det) - 700 men
  • December: Ordered to Perth
  • December to March: In garrisons in Montrose, Perthshire, Angus & Mearns


  • March: Siege of Kincardine Castle, on Middleton's campaign



  • February: Coupar commissioned to raise a regiment in Angus, but fails to recruit it


  • July: Coupar commissioned colonel of a regiment to be raised in Perthshire
  • September: Battle of Dunbar


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The detachment sent back to Scotland with Leslie, and fighting at Philiphaugh, may have been mounted as dragoons, see Lord Coupar’s Dragoons.

Little is known of the regiment's activities in 1650, perhaps it was destroyed at Dunbar.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. At Dunbar a Colonel's colour bearing Coupar's crest was taken, This was white with the crest of a tree and stag proper over the motto SVB VMBRA PROREGE and a damaged inscription COVENA.. FOR REL… KIN… AND K…1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

James Elphinstone, 1st Lord Coupar

Lieutenant Colonel John Brown


  • January 1644: 10 companies
  • Siege of York: ~1000 men
  • Storm of Newcastle: 10 companies
  • July 1650: 920 men to be levied

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988