Sir John Innes’ Regiment of Foot

Active1648 to 1651
ConflictsThird Civil War
ColonelSir John Innes
James Innes
Area RaisedMoray & Nairn
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesLeslie 1650

Covenanter regiment of foot serving at Dunbar in the Third Civil War

Later Colonel James Innes’ regiment of Foot

Service History


  • September: Recruited from Whiggamores and/or Kirk party supporters
  • September: Ordered to quarter at Canongate in Edinburgh
  • November: Innes made governor of Bog of Gight Castle, the regiment provide the garrison


  • January to February: Quartered at Arbroath
  • February: Quartered at Dundee
  • February: Innes commissioned colonel to raise a regiment from Moray, Nairn and Inverness
  • March: At Fife, the regiment mutinies with all except one company fleeing for fear they might be sent to Inverness
  • Innes rounds up deserters
  • June: Quartered in Highland garrisons
  • July: 100 at Brahan and Chanonry Castles, 4 companies in Moray and Banffshire


  • Winter: Also in garrison at Strathbogie and Bog of Gight Castles
  • June: Garrison Brahan (50), Blair Atholl (50), Strathbogie (20), Eilean Donan (20) and Bog of Gight (30), the rest of the regiment join the army at Edinburgh
  • September: Battle of Dunbar
  • Autumn: Defence of Bog of Gight Castle from Middleton's Royalists
  • Autumn: Defence of Strathbogie Castle from Middleton's Royalists
  • Return to garrison in Northern Scotland


  • January: At Aberdeen, fighting with the townsfolk demoralises the regiment
  • June: James Innes replaces John as colonel
  • June: Ordered to abandon Bog of Gight and Strathbogie Castles and assemble at Stirling
  • September: Likely disbanded


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Flags are tentatively identified from those captured on the Dunbar campaign. The Colonel’s flag is white with a gold cockerel crest and a scroll with the motto COVENANT FOR RELIGION KING AND KINGDOM. Other flags are red with a white saltire and various distinctions in red; ring, crescent, ring and figure ‘3’, 3 cinquefoils; martlet and figure ‘4’, fleur de lis. The inscription reads Couenant for Religion King and Kingdome.1)

Notable Officers

A list of officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Sir John Innes

A Kirk party supporter

James Innes


  • February 1649: 500 foot to be levied
  • July 1649: 345 soldiers
  • July 1649: 375 more levies ordered
  • November 1650: 500 levies ordered from Banff and Aberdeenshire
  • June 1651: 355 men
  • July 1651: 414 men
  • July 1651: 407 men

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988