Earl of Home’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1640 to 1641
ConflictsSecond Bishops' War
Second Civil War
ColonelEarl of Home
Area RaisedMerse
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourGreen
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesLeslie 1640-41
Hamilton 1648

Covenanter regiment of foot serving in the Second Bishops' War and on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War

Service History


  • Raised in Berwickshire
  • September: March to Newcastle
  • Quartered in England, but not in Newcastle


  • August: Return to Scotland and disband after the Treaty of London


  • May: Raised in Berwickshire
  • July: Preston campaign
  • July: Skirmish at Penrith?
  • July: Skirmish at Appleby?
  • July: Skirmish at Stainmore?
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Flags of the regiment have been identified from those captured at Preston. As usual for Scots foot regiments, the Colonel's company carried a white flag while other companies carried coloured flags. The white flag had a silver bear’s head crest, crowned and with the motto TREW TO THE END and a scroll that appears damaged. Flags of the other companies were green with a white saltire, one of which contained the number ‘4’ in black, probably the 4th captain’s distinction. The inscription was Couanant for Religion King and Kingdomes2)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

James, 3rd Earl of Home

An unenthusiastic Covenanter, he signed the Cumbernauld Bond in 1640 and was thereafter Royalist, he played no part in the First Civil War


  • 1640: 900 men
  • May 1648: 1200 men to be levied
  • August 1648: 276 officers and men surrender at Warrington

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988