Colonel George Keith of Aden’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsSecond Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelGeorge Keith
Area RaisedAberdeen & Mearns
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignWhite saltire
Field ArmiesHamilton 1648
Charles 1651

Covenanter regiment of foot serving on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War and at Worcester in the Third

Service History


  • May: Raised in Aberdeenshire and the Mearns
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Preston, likely at Ribble Bridge, Keith captured
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Surrender to the New Model Army at Winwick and Warrington


  • December: Keith commissioned colonel of foot for Aberdeen and Banffshire


  • May: At Aberdeen
  • June: Arrive at Stirling
  • September: Battle of Worcester, Keith captured


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment’s flags in 1648 were red with a white saltire and showed various distinctions ie; a hand and tree; a cloud, hand and sword; a damaged motto. Unusually there was no Covenant inscription. 1)

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

George Keith

Keith was younger brother of the Earl Marischall and served as a captain in his regiment during the First Civil War. He later led a regiment at Worcester, and succeeded his brother as Earl Marischall.


  • May 1648: Establishment of 600 men
  • June 1651: 758 men
  • July 1651: 731 men

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988