Earl of Montrose’s Regiment of Foot

1640 to 1641
ConflictsFirst Bishops’ War
Second Bishops' War
ColonelEarl of Montrose
Area RaisedAngus & Perthshire
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag DesignSaltire
Field ArmiesMontrose 1639
Leslie 1640-41

Covenanters serving with Montrose in the First and Second Bishops’ Wars

Service History


  • Raised in Angus and Fife
  • February: Occupy Turriff
  • March: Occupy Aberdeen
  • April: Quartered at Inverurie
  • Montrose takes Huntly and escorts him to Edinburgh
  • May: Occupy Aberdeen
  • May: March to Gight house via Udny and Kellie House
  • Montrose heads south from Aberdeen but returns
  • June: Skirmish at Brig o’ Dee
  • June: Occupy Aberdeen
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks


  • Montrose commissioned to raise two regiments of foot, one from Perthshire, one from Angus
  • June: Regiments being raised
  • June: Take Airlie Castle
  • July: Both regiments join Leslie's army at Duns
  • August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle


  • February: Montrose leaves Newcastle, his regiments remain
  • June: Montrose arrested in Edinburgh
  • August: Return to Scotland and disband after the treaty of London


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Whether Montrose was succeeded by another colonel in 1641 is unknown.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

At the end of March 1639 Montrose instituted the blue bonnet ribbons and cavalry sash that were the distinctions of the Covenanter soldiery. The colours of his force were of the familiar saltire pattern with the motto For Religion, The Covenant and the Countrie.

Notable Officers

James Graham, 5th Earl of Montrose

Later more famous as the Royalist Marquis of Montrose


  • June 1639: 1500 men
  • July 1640: 1600 men in two regiments

See Also