Earl of Lauderdale’s Regiment of Foot

Active1640 to 1641
1643 to 1647
ConflictsSecond Bishops' War
First Civil War
ColonelEarl of Lauderdale
Area RaisedMidlothian
East Lothian
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Baillie 1644-5

Covenanter Regiment of Foot raised for the Second Bishops' War, later forming part of Leven's army in the First Civil War, then returning to Scotland and fighting at Kilsyth

Service History


  • Raised in East Lothian and Midlothian
  • March to join Leslie’s army at Duns
  • August to January 1641: Occupy Newcastle


  • January to August: Occupy Sunderland?
  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London


  • Maitland commissioned colonel, the regiment is raised anew in Midlothian


  • January: Enter England, reported at Coldstream by Royalist Sir Francis Anderson
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • August: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Return to Scotland
  • Serve with Baillie
  • December: garrison Perth, leaving a detachment there


  • January to March: Garrison Perth
  • March: With Baillie at Dundee
  • Summer: Serving with Crawford-Lindsay in Atholl
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth
  • September: Quartered in Linlithgow
  • October to December: Garrison Perth


  • Remain in Scotland



A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Lauderdale

John Maitland, 2nd Earl of Lauderdale, known as Viscount Maitland until he inherited his father's Earldom in January 1645.

Colin Pitscottie

Lieutenant Colonel and leader of the regiment much of the time. He was previously Lt Col of the Earl of Eglinton’s Regiment of Foot in Ireland. He led Lauderdale's regiment at Marston Moor.


  • 10 companies
  • October 1645: 400 men

See Also