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Earl of Glencairn’s Regiment of Foot for Service in Ireland

Active1642 to 1646
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
ColonelEarl of Glencairn
Area Raised
Coat Colour
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonro

Scots Covenanter regiment of foot of Monro’s army fighting at Benburb

Service History


  • March: Glencairn commissioned to raise the regiment for service in Ulster
  • May: Reach Ulster
  • May: 2 companies serve on Monro's River Bann campaign
  • Garrison of Carrickfergus


  • August to September: Siege of Charlemont
  • September: Return to Carrickfergus


  • June: Join Monro for his Leinster campaign



  • June: Battle of Benburb



  • Despite Glencairn's enthusiasm, the regiment refuses to detach men to aid the Engagers in England
  • September: Admit Monck's forces to Carrickfergus


  • Remnants persist as Parliamentarian garrison of Carrickfergus under Cochrane
  • July: Besieged at Carrickfergus by the Royalists
  • August: Regiment likely finally disbanded, Cochrane returns to Scotland


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Home's composite battalion of detachments wore red coats, suggesting that the Covenanters in Ulster may have been generally red-coated by 1645.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Glencairn

William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn was by sympathy a Royalist, leading a Royalist Highland insurrection in 1653, Glencairn's Rising. He spent little time with the regiment, remaining in Scotland.

William Cunningham

Lieutenant Colonel, leading the regiment in Ulster.


  • May to June 1642: 1018 men and officers
  • September 1642: 988 men and officers, 75 sick

See Also