Earl of Glencairn’s Regiment of Foot for Service in England

Active1644 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelEarl of Glencairn
Robert Cunningham
Area RaisedAyr & Renfrew
Coat ColourGrey?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644

Later Colonel Robert Cunningham’s Regiment of Foot

Covenanter foot raised for service in England but fighting in Scotland against Montrose

Service History


  • April: Raised in Ayr and Renfrew
  • June: Join Callendar's force serving in England
  • July to ?: Siege of Newcastle (left prior to the storm in October)
  • Return to Scotland


  • February: Glencairn assigned 200 recruits
  • June: Detachment at Aberdeen
  • July: Battle of Alford
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth
  • August: Cunningham succeeds Glencairn as Colonel


  • May: Glencairn commissioned colonel of Ayr and Renfrew foot
  • September: Disbanded at Stirling


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Furgol considers the regiment to have been destroyed at Kilsyth whereas Reid contends it was taken over by Cunningham. Little is known of any activities of the 1648 regiment.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Glencairn

William Cunningham, 9th Earl of Glencairn was more inclined to the Royalists, leading Glencairn's rising in 1653.

Robert Cunningham


  • May 1648: 666 men authorised
  • May 1648: Authorised to increase to 1000 men

See Also