Earl of Callendar’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1647
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelEarl of Callendar
Area RaisedStirling
Coat ColourGrey
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644
Leven 1644
Baillie 1645

Covenanter Regiment of Foot serving on the Borders with Callendar then split up with 6 companies garrisoning Hartlepool, the rest returning to Scotland in 1645. In 1648 they garrisoned Carlisle.

Service History


  • Raised from Stirlingshire and Linlithgow
  • April: Callendar commissioned Lieutenant General
  • April: Garrison Stirling
  • May: Said to be at the Borders
  • June: Quartered in Linlithgow
  • June: March into England
  • June: Taking of Lumley Castle
  • June: Taking of Morpeth?
  • July: Taking of Hartlepool
  • July to January 1647: Garrison of Hartlepool (6 coy under Major Douglas)
  • July: Taking of Stockton-On-Tees?
  • July: Taking of Gateshead
  • July to September: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Ordered back to Scotland, garrison Stirling until Spring 1645


  • Spring: Stirling contingent join Baillie
  • July: Battle of Alford
  • August: Allocated 600 Berwickshire and 250 Linlithgow recruits


  • June to January 1647: Hartlepool contingent also garrison Stockton


  • January: Hartlepool garrison return to Scotland
  • February: Disbanded


  • May: Callendar commissioned Colonel of foot for Stirling and Clackmannanshire foot by the Engagers
  • Quarter around Paisley
  • June: March to support Middleton at Mauchline Muir but arrive too late
  • July: Join Hamilton and march from Edinburgh to Annan Moor
  • July to September: Garrison Carlisle, while Callender himself accompanies Hamilton's army
  • September: Disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Major Richard Douglas' detachment remained as garrison of Hartlepool throughout the First Civil War and Captain James Livingston was in garrison at Stockton.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

The regiment was likely dressed in ubiquitous Scots hodden grey with blue bonnets. In September 1644 contributions were needed for 600 suits of clothes, pairs of shoes and socks.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Earl of Callendar


  • June 1644: 700 men
  • May 1645: Hartlepool garrison detachment consists of 332 men
  • Summer 1645: Hartlepool garrison 336 officers & men
  • June 1646: Hartlepool garrison 501 men
  • July 1646: Hartlepool garrison 383 men
  • 1646: Between 40 and 156 men at Stockton
  • May 1648: 1000 men authorised

See Also