Colonel Thomas Shelburne’s Regiment of Horse

Active1650 to 1660?
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
ColonelThomas Shelburne
Henry Pretty
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1650

Later Colonel Henry Pretty’s Regiment of Horse

Regiment of horse formed out of Oliver Cromwell’s for service in Ireland

Service History



  • April: Quartered in County Wexford
  • April: Shelburne dies at Carlow of a flux, replaced by Pretty


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • Serving in Ireland


  • August: Major Francis Bolton and a detachment of the regiment drowned en route to England
  • December: Support Ludlow
  • December: Surprised by Col. Temple at Carlow


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

In preparation for his Irish campaign of 1649 Oliver Cromwell raised a new regiment, Lord Lieutenant Oliver Cromwell’s Regiment of Horse, consisting of fourteen troops. They accompanied Cromwell to Ireland, remaining there until the Restoration. The regiment was split into two in 1650. One half remained Oliver Cromwell’s regiment, the other was given to Lt Col Shelburne, who was promoted to Colonel. Shelburne was noted as taking Deeps Castle in January 1650, together with Colonel Cook, but died at Carlow in 1651 and command was given to Henry Pretty. The regiment served throughout the 1650s in Ireland, likely based much of the time at Carlow. In August of 1659 a detachment under Major Bolton was lost at sea, and then in the December the regiment and its Colonel were surprised at Carlow by Colonel Temple, during the upheavals of the Restoration.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Thomas Shelburne

From Buckinghamshire, he had fought in the First Civil War and commanded a troop in Aylesbury in 1648.

Henry Pretty

Pretty had served as a captain in Colonel Henry Ireton’s Regiment of Horse from 1645 to 1649. He was appointed governor of Carlow around 1652.


  • 1650: 6 to 8 troops

See Also