Colonel William Daniel’s Regiment of Foot

Active1650 to 166?
ConflictsThird Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
Portuguese Restoration War
ColonelWilliam Daniel
John Pearson
Thomas Morgan
Area RaisedLancashire
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1650
Lambert 1651
Monck 1660
Morgan 1662

Later Colonel John Pearson’s, then Thomas Morgan’s Regiment of Foot

Commonwealth Regiment of Foot fighting at Dunbar and Inverkeithing, then in garrison at Perth, surviving to go to Portugal after the Restoration

Service History


  • May: Raised in Cheshire and Lancashire
  • July: March to Scotland with Cromwell
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar
  • November: Garrison of Leith


  • Garrison of Leith
  • July: Take North Queensferry
  • 20th July: Battle of Inverkeithing
  • August: Take Perth
  • Garrison of Perth


  • Garrison of Perth


  • Garrison of Perth
  • June: Defeat the Macnabs in the Highlands


  • Garrison of Perth
  • February: Skirmish at Dunkeld
  • June: Lt Col Brayne leads 1000 men detached from Ireland to establish at fort at Inverlochy


  • Garrison of Perth
  • Garrison of Macklove Castle (Capt Hickeringill det)


  • Garrison of St Johnstone's


  • Garrison of Dunstaffnage (Capt Witter det)



  • July: Daniel removed and the regiment given to Pearson
  • November: Regiment won over to Monck by Capt Witter
  • November: Thomas Morgan made Colonel by Monck


  • January: March into England with Monck
  • Return to Scotland from York
  • Remain in garrison in Scotland


  • In garrison in Scotland


  • Garrison of Leith
  • May: Agree to serve abroad
  • June: Shipped from Plymouth to Portugal


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Daniel’s regiment was raised in 1650 in Lancashire and Cheshire, marching north with Cromwell, they fought at the Battle of Dunbar then went into garrison at Leith. In 1651 the regiment took North Queensferry under Overton’s command; then helped Lambert win the Battle of Inverkeithing.

During the rest of the 1650s they garrisoned Perth and St Johnstons with detachments serving in minor garrisons. In 1659 Daniel was replaced by Pearson, then by Monck’s deputy in Scotland, Thomas Morgan. At the Restoration the regiment entered England in 1660 but were sent back to Scotland, where they remained in garrison until May 1662. They were then sent under Morgan’s command to assist the Portuguese against Spain in the Portuguese Restoration War.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats.

Notable Officers

William Daniel

Had served in Cheshire in the First Civil War, and by 1648 was governor of Chester Castle.

John Pearson

Did not re-join the regiment in 1659, instead remained in England siding with Lilburne.

Thomas Morgan

Officer Lists


Colonel William Daniel's Regiment of Foot1)

  • Colonel's company at St Johnstons, commanded by Captain Lieutenant Davenport
  • Lt Colonel John Pearson's company at St Johnstons
  • Major Richard Heath's company at St Johnstons
  • Captain Hugh Birtles' company at St Johnstons
  • Captain Nicholas Kelke's company at St Johnstons
  • Captain (Nicholas ?) Halford's company at St Johnstons
  • Captain Reynold's company at St. Johnstons
  • Captain Joseph Witter's company at Dunstafnage, “A sergeant and 16 men att” Drumond
  • Captain Francis Aldersey's company at Blair
  • Captain David Gascoyne's company at Finlarick


See Also

1) Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts