Colonel William Brayne’s Regiment of Foot

Active1655 to 1657
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
ColonelWilliam Brayne
Area RaisedScotland
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGarrison

Protectorate regiment of foot serving in the garrison of Jamaica

Service History


  • Raised by drawing 42 men from each of the 12 regiments in Scotland
  • October 200 men drowned when the Two Brothers sinks off the coast of Ireland


  • December: Arrive in Jamaica


  • September: Brayne dies


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Braynes’ regiment were raised from the twelve foot regiments then in Scotland in 1655 for service in the garrison of Jamaica. They lost nearly half their number in a shipwreck off Ireland. The regiment included both Scottish and Irish contingents. Shipped to Jamaica in 1656 they suffered from sickness, with Colonel Brayne dying in September 1657. The remains of regiment likely dispersed into other units of the Jamaica garrison.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

William Brayne

Previously Lt Col of Colonel Daniel’s Regiment.


  • 1655: 504 men

See Also