Colonel Thomas Cooper’s Regiment of Foot

Active1651 to 1660
ConflictsThird Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
ColonelThomas Cooper
Roger Sawrey
Yaxley Robson
Area RaisedLondon
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1651

Later Colonel Roger Sawrey’s, then Colonel Yaxley Robson’s Regiment of Foot

Commonwealth Regiment of Foot fighting at Worcester then serving in Scotland throughout the 1650s

Service History


  • Raised in London
  • September: Battle of Worcester
  • October: West's Regiment reduced into Cooper’s
  • November: Shipped from Hull to Dundee


  • Garrison of Dundee
  • February: Garrison the Orkneys (det of 3 coy?)
  • Detachments garrison Thurso Castle, Sinclair and Cromarty


  • July: Detachment accompanies Cobbett’s expedition to Hebrides
  • August: Occupy Lewis
  • August: Occupy Mull
  • September: Take Duart Castle
  • Garrison Lewis, Scalloway Castle and Stornoway (dets)
  • October: Garrison Ayr


  • March: Defeat Macnaughten’s Highlanders in a skirmish


  • March: Accept surrender of Lord Loudon
  • May: Accept surrender of Lord Lorne and Colonel Macnaughten
  • December: Cooper sent to command forces in Ulster
  • Roger Sawrey promoted to Colonel


  • Quartered at Ayr (8 companies), Linlithgow (1 company), Orkneys (1 company)
  • Sawrey records a riot in Ayr


  • Garrison of Ayr


  • Sawrey records a witch-burning at Ayr


  • November: Six companies in garrison at Ayr
  • November: Robson secures the regiment on Monck’s behalf
  • November: Monck replaces Sawrey with Robson


  • Remain in garrison at Ayr
  • November: Disbanded at Ayr


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Cooper’s regiment was raised in London in 1650 or 1651 and fought at Worcester. Subsequently they were shipped to Scotland, at first serving in the garrison of Dundee. They took part in Cobbett’s expedition to the Orkneys and Hebrides, which was cut short by a storm that scattered the transport and supply ships. For the remainder of the 1650s their main garrison was at Ayr, with satellite garrisons in Northern Scotland and the islands.

During the Restoration Captain Robson won the regiment over to Monck, and was promoted to Colonel. The regiment remained in Scotland and were disbanded in November 1660.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats.

Notable Officers

Thomas Cooper

Roger Sawrey

Yaxley Robson

Officer Lists


Colonel Thomas Cooper's Regiment of Foot1)

  • Colonel's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Lt Colonel Roger Sawrey's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Major Peter Crisps's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain Yaxley Robson's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain John Parker's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain Edward Lunn's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain Thomas Spencer's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain Gillett's company at Ayr Towne & Citadel
  • Captain Leonard Littcott's company at Linllthgow, “whereof 7 are att” Queen's Ferry
  • Captain Edward Harman's company at Kirkwell, in Orkney


  • 10 companies
  • January 1652: 1146 men

See Also

1) Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts