Colonel Robert Gibbon’s Regiment of Foot

Active1650 to 1651
1656 to 1660
ConflictsThird Civil War
Anglo-Spanish War
ColonelRobert Gibbon
Duke of Buckingham
Area RaisedKent?
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCromwell 1651
Turenne 1657-8

Later the Duke of Buckingham’s Regiment of Foot

Two regiments of foot raised by Gibbon, one serving in the Third Civil War, the other in Flanders

Service History


  • May: Gibbon commissioned to raise a regiment of foot


  • At Northampton under Fleetwood
  • September: Battle of Worcester?
  • October: Disbanded


  • October: Gibbon commissioned to raise another regiment of foot


  • Winter: Sent to Flanders
  • Winter: Garrison of Mardyke


  • June: Battle of the Dunes (5 coy)


  • January: All but 2 companies return to England
  • August: Arrest the Duke of Buckingham in Kent
  • December: Gibbon said to be raising troops in Kent


  • February: Monck appoints Gibbon governor of Deal Castle
  • May: Welcome Charles II at Rochester
  • August: Duke of Buckingham named colonel
  • October: Disbanded in Kent


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Colonel Robert Gibbon raised a regiment in 1650 that served in England, probably fighting at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. They were disbanded the following month.

In 1656 Gibbon raised another regiment, the majority of which were sent to Flanders, forming part of the garrison of Mardyke over the winter of 1657 to 1658. In 1658 five companies fought under Turenne at the Battle of the Dunes and in 1659 the regiment mostly returned to England. The Duke of Buckingham was briefly appointed colonel, before the regiment was disbanded in October 1660

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats.

Notable Officers

Robert Gibbon

Captain of horse in Sir Michael Livesey’s regiment in 1644, he served in Ireton’s horse of the New Model Army, defeating the Duke of Buckingham and the Earl of Holland at Kingston in 1648, then serving as governor of Rye.

Duke of Buckingham

George Villiers, Second Duke of Buckingham had been defeated by Gibbon in 1648 and arrested by him in 1659.


See Also