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Colonel Andrew Carter’s Regiment of Foot

Active1654 to 1657
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
ColonelAndrew Carter
Henry Archbold
Area RaisedEngland
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesVenables 1654-5

Later known as Lieutenant Colonel Henry Archbold’s Regiment of Foot

Protectorate regiment of foot serving on the Western Design in the West Indies

Service History


  • Raised in England
  • December: Sail from Portsmouth for Barbados


  • January: Arrive at Barbados where the regiment is recruited up to strength
  • April: Sail for Hispaniola
  • April: First repulse from Santo Domingo
  • April: Second repulse from Santo Domingo
  • May: Sail for Jamaica
  • May: Taking of Santiago de la Vega
  • Carter dies, regiment commanded thereafter by Archbold


  • Garrison Jamaica


  • Reduced into other regiments in Jamaica


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Carter’s regiment were raised in England in 1654 for service in the West Indies. The five regiments under Venables’ command totalled 2000-2500 men, of whom only 1000 were experienced soldiers. Shipped to Barbados in 1655 they recruited up to strength before invading the Spanish possession of Hispaniola, which ended in two defeats at Santo Domingo and the force sailing instead for Jamaica. Venables’ force successfully invaded Jamaica at Santiago de la Vega (later Spanish Town) against light opposition and the regiment remained in the Jamaica garrison. As for the other Jamaica regiments, the unit was depleted due to disease. After Carter’s death from illness, Lieutenant Colonel Archbold was left in command of the regiment but appears not to have been promoted to Colonel prior to the regiment’s reduction in 1657.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

Andrew Carter

An experienced soldier.

Henry Archbold

Previously a captain in Heane’s regiment


  • March 1655: 834 soldiers, 120 officers, 10 staff
  • November 1655: 277 men fit for service, 365 sick, 18 women and children attached
  • February 1656: 390 men
  • March 1656: 350 men
  • April 1656: 342 men
  • May 1656: 325 men
  • September 1656: 316 men
  • November 1656: 308 men

See Also