Earl of Lindsey’s Regiment of Horse

ConflictsFirst Bishops’ War
ColonelEarl of Lindsey
Area RaisedYork
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies1639

Known as the Lord Chamberlain’s Regiment of Horse

English cavalry regiment that was raised for the First Bishops’ War of 1639

Service History


  • April: Raised at York
  • May: Mustered at Newcastle
  • May: March to the camp at Birks
  • June: Standoff between Birks and Duns Law
  • June: Disband after the Pacification of Berwick


An account of the regiment's brief history is shown in Six North Country Diaries by John Crawford Hodgson. The Publications of the Surtees Society Vol. CXVII, Durham, 1910. available online via Archive.org. The first of the six diaries was written by John Aston (likely a nephew of Sir Thomas Aston) and detailed his service in the regiment in 1639. He was a privy-chamber man extraordinary to Charles I and the regiment appears to have been formed from gentlemen of the court and their retainers. Aston himself joined the Earl of Carnarvon's troop of cuirassiers.

In April 1639 the regiment began to form at York, comprised of the King's servants and courtiers, but were neither trained nor officers appointed, merely being paraded and counted on the 9th. On the 27th April Aston and his men rode north, arriving in Newcastle on 4th May. On the 11th May the regiment was mustered at Newcastle and officers appointed. The regiment left Newcastle on 22nd May, traveling via Alnwick and arriving at Birks outside Berwick on the 27th May. They remained quartered in the area until disbanded after the Pacification of Berwick in late June.

Lindsey helped reinforce Berwick in April 1639, though his regiment of horse were still forming in York at the time. At the start of June he was made Governor of Berwick, with Sir Michael Earnley commanding the garrison.

Flags & Equipment

The regiment consisted of two cuirassier troops, led by Lindsey and Caernarvon and four carbine troops led by Fulk Hunckes, Sir Ralph Hopton, Sir John Hele and Lord Philip Herbert.

Aston noted his personal equipment and those of his followers:

I had three stoned horses, a, gray gelding, and two cart horses. I had a cuirassier's armes for my selfe, close caske, gorget, back and breast culet, pouldrons, vambrace, left hand gauntlet, and cuisses, and a case of pistolls and great saddle. Tho. Woollet, Tho. Millington and Arthur Heath had each of them for armes, back and breast and open head-piece, a carbine and belt and cartilage box; and each of them a case of pistolls and great saddle. John Taylor had a light cart with two wheeles covered over with red cloth, with my brother's scutcheons of armes wrought upon it, and two good horses to drawe it.

Aston also describes the regiment mustered and exercised at Newcastle:

The 20th, beeing Monday, all the privy chamber men and other of his majestie's nearest servants (the pensioners excepted, who were ever in a band by them selves) mustered and exercised in a feild neare the towne, and the king came on horse-backe to behold us. When the horse were cast into battalia, there were six cornetts flying in the head of the troupes. Two squadrons of gentlemen cuirassiers in the middle, flanckd on each hand with 2 squadrons of carbines ; and the king was much pleased with the sight, and rode by every troupe…….This battalia of horse of the king's servants and theire attendants, I guesse not to be above 400, for wee were never above 10 in rancke and vi. deepe.

Some of the quarters of Lindsey's horse were also noted by Aston; Lindsey at Berwick Town End; Carnarvon at Harclay and Hunk at Ourd

Notable Officers

Earl of Lindsey

Officer List

  • Colonel: The Earl of Lindsey, Lord Chamberlain
  • Captain Lieutenant: Bevil Grenville (Knighted June 1639)
  • Cornet: Fretzwell
  • Quartermaster: Sir Henry Hungett
  • Corporals: Capt Barker, another
  • Lt Col: The Earl of Carnarvon
  • Captain Lieutenant: Gilbert Byron
  • Cornet: John Carey
  • Corporals: 2
  • Sgt Major: Sir Fulke Huncks, captain over a company of carbines.
  • Captain Lieutenant: John Mason
  • Cornet: Robert Sands
  • Captain: Sir Ralph Hopton, captain over a company of carbines.
  • Captain Lieutenant: Jo. Hall
  • Cornet: Neale Mackworth
  • Captain: Squire Heale, captain over a company of carbines (Sir John Hele, knighted June 1639).
  • Captain Lieutenant: Bamfield
  • Cornet: Clement Martin
  • Captain: The Lord Philip Herbert, captain over a troupe of carbines.
  • Captain Lieutenant: Tho. Cam
  • Cornet: Carleton


  • May 1639: 600 men in six troops 1)
  • April 1639: Estimated as 400 at most by Aston

See Also

1) Rushworth's 'Historical Collections: 1639, March-June', Historical Collections of Private Passages of State: Volume 3: 1639-40, pp. 885-946. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74912 Date accessed: 24 June 2014