Sir Thomas Morton’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1639
CountryEngland
AllegianceEnglish
ConflictsFirst Bishops’ War
TypeFoot
ColonelsSir Thomas Morton
Area RaisedKent
Essex
Coat Colour
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesHamilton 1639
Charles 1639

English infantry regiment that was raised from the Kent and Essex Trained Bands for Hamilton's invasion fleet in the First Bishops’ War of 1639

Service History

1639

  • February: Earl of Pembroke, Lord Lieutenant of Kent, ordered to select 1200 of the Trained Bands for service in Scotland
  • March: Morton sent to secure Carlisle by Astley
  • April: Kent men assemble at Gravesend, delayed by lack of partizans
  • April 16th: Set sail for Harwich on 20 colliers and 12 naval vessels
  • April: Embark the Essex men at Harwich and sail for Scarborough
  • April: Land on the island of Incholm
  • May: Re-embark and anchor off Dunbar
  • May: Continue voyage from Dunbar to Holy Island, arriving 28th May, and march to Berwick
  • June: Standoff between Birks and Duns Law

Notes

Morton's regiment were selected from the Trained Bands of Kent and the Essex Trained Bands. They formed part of Hamilton's invasion fleet which sailed to the Firth of Forth but achieved little beyond occupying Incholm and Inchkeith islands before sailing back to Northumberland where they joined the King's army. The Kent men were derived from Sir George Sondes’ St Augustine Lathe Kent Trained Band Regiment of Foot (230), Sir Humphrey Hales’ Shepway Lathe Kent Trained Band Regiment of Foot (230), Sir Edward Hales’ Scraye Lathe Kent Trained Band Regiment of Foot (138), Sir Francis Barnham's Aylesford Lathe Kent Trained Band Regiment of Foot (185), Sir Francis Walsingham’s Sutton at Hone Lathe Kent Trained Band Regiment of Foot (135) and Sir Francis Tufton’s Kent Trained Band Canterbury Company of Foot (90) 2). By May Morton's regiment had lost 100 men to smallpox

Coats, Flags & Equipment

Morton's regiment carried 12 white flags 3) Morton complained that the men's equipment, provided by the Trained bands or their masters, was defective. Muskets were unserviceable and pikes rotten.

Notable Officers

Sir Thomas Morton

Sir Thomas Morton was given the responsibility of organizing Cheshire, Lancashire, Cumberland, Westmorland, Durham and the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire in preparation for the First Bishops' War. His headquarters were at Durham. A particular responsibility was mustering the Trained Bands to form part of the King's army. He was then assigned one of the regiments of the Duke of Hamilton's seaborne force.

Lt Col Waytes

Maj Gibson

Strength

  • The Kent contingent consisted of 673 musketeers and 325 pikemen for a total of 998, to which was to be added an Essex Trained Band contingent.
  • On being raised comprised Col, Lt Col, Major, 13 Captains (?), 13 Lieutenants, 13 Ensigns, 27 Sergeants, 39 Corporals, 27 Drummers and 1500 common soldiers.
  • May 1639: 1637 men 4)

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) The Kent Trained Bands and the first Scot's War, 1639 by Paul Sutton in English Civil War Notes and Queries 24 p5-7
3) Original research by BCW wiki contributor 1642
4) Rushworth's 'Historical Collections: 1639, March-June', Historical Collections of Private Passages of State: Volume 3: 1639-40, pp. 885-946. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74912 Date accessed: 24 June 2014