Yellow Auxiliary Regiment of Foot of the London Trained Bands

Flag Illustration1)
Active1643-
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelRobert Tichborne
John Owen
Coat Colour
Area RaisedLondon
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignBlue Piles
Field ArmiesEssex 1644

Auxiliary regiment of foot of the London Trained Bands

Service History

1643

  • Raised in London

1644

  • May: Skirmish at Gosford Bridge & Enslow
  • June: March into the West Country with the Earl of Essex's army
  • June: Left to garrison Weymouth2)
  • Move to reinforce the garrison of Plymouth
  • September to January 1646: Besieged in Plymouth

1645

  • Besieged in Plymouth

1646

  • To January: Besieged in Plymouth
  • October: In London, lining the route at the Earl of Essex's funeral

Notes

As it was convention to refer to regiments by the colour of their flag, references to the regiment are often the 'yellow auxiliaries', as are both the Tower Hamlets and Westminster auxiliaries. Usually, but not always, prefaced by 'City of London'. The regiment served with the Earl of Essex in 1644, but was left in garrison at Weymouth (thereby missing Lostwithiel), before being sent to join the Plymouth garrison.

Flags

The regiment carried yellow flags with straight blue piles or rays in September 1643 3).

Notable Officers

Col Robert Tichborne

Col John Owen

Officer Lists

October 1646

Lining the route of procession at the Earl of Essex's funeral4)

City Yellow Aux.

  • Col John Owen
  • Lt Col Wilding
  • Major Day
  • Capt Fawne
  • Capt Robinson
  • Capt Winter
  • Capt Hunt

Strength

  • September 1643: 7 companies. The Major's & 5th Captain's companies both mustered 112 muskets 30 pikes5)

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) London & Liberty Ensigns of the London Trained Bands, Keith Roberts 1987, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525161
3) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
4) The Militia of London 1641-1649 PhD Thesis, Lawson Chase Nagel, King’s College, University of London, 1982.
5) The London Trained Bands Mustered in Finsbury Fields 26 September 1643; Ensignes of the Regiments in the rebellious Citty of London, National Army Museum Ms 6807-53

Discussion

keepyourpowderdry, 08/06/2022 08:54
Does anyone have a source for the attendance at Lostwithiel? The only service history that I can find is in Roberts who specifies that they missed Lostwithiel as they were in Weymouth. A number of Lostwithiel OoB list the orange and green auxiliaries present at Lostwithiel, but not the yellow.

Reid (All The King's Armies) makes reference to the yellow auxiliaries in a footnote (not specifying which yellow auxiliaries - London, Westminster or Tower Hamlets?) but these would appear to be Tower Hamlets.
tim, 08/06/2022 11:35
You're quite right Mike, I just checked again in Stephen Ede-Borrett's Lostwithiel. Looks like I missed the footnote :-)

I'm altering to garrison Weymouth now,

many thanks for catching this one,

Tim
keepyourpowderdry, 08/06/2022 17:17
No problem Tim. Potentially another slight problem - there are two Gosford Bridges, one is in Ottery St Mary (which fits). The other, and Enslow are in Oxfordshire on the Cherwell. If they set off in March, I would have thought that they might have made it to the West Country by May, unless they went the 'pretty way'?

Mike
tim, 09/06/2022 12:43
Hi Mike, I clarified above. The skirmish was in Oxfordshire, they marched west with Essex in June. On 6th June Essex was at Chipping Campden for a council of war with Waller, by the 14th reached Bladford Dorset and 17th Balfour took Weymouth from Ashburnham.
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