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Green Regiment of Foot of the London Trained Bands

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642-
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelJohn Warner
Owen Roe
Matthew Shepheard
Owen Roe
John Robinson
Coat Colour
Area RaisedColeman Street,
Bassishaw & Cripplegate: London
Flag ColourGreen
Flag DesignWhite Caltrops
Field Armies

Regiment of foot of the London Trained Bands

Service History

1642

  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green

1643

  • December: Storm of Grafton House

1644

1645

  • Warner relinquishes Colonelcy

1646

  • Roe Colonel

1647

  • Shepheard Colonel under the Presbyterians, then Roe restored under the Independents

1658

  • Robinson Colonel until 1680.

Notes

Flags

The regiment carried green flags with white caltrops in April 1642 and September 1643 2).

Notable Officers

John Warner

John Warner, a grocer, was Colonel of the Green Regiment between 1642 and 1645. In 1647 he was Lord Mayor of London. He died in 1648.

Owen Roe

Owen Roe was Colonel in 1646

Matthew Shepheard

Colonel in 1647 under the Presbyterians

John Robinson

A clothworker and alderman, he commanded the regiment from 1658 to 1680.

Officer Lists

April 1642

5th Regiment, The Green Regiment “The Distinctions Argent being Galthropes”3)

  • Colonel: Alderman John Warner
  • Lt-Col Matthew Forster; Lt Thomas Whitley; Ens Thomas Simcotts
  • Major Owen Rowe: Lt William Stackhouse: Ens Samuel Clerridge
  • 1st Capt Matthew Sheppard; Lt Walter White: Ens William Cam
  • 2nd Capt Francis Rowe; Lt Roger Clay; Ens Thomas Johnson
  • 3rd Capt Robert Mannering; Lt James Wancourt; Ens Ralph Tasker
  • “Colonel's Captain” Nathaniel Hawes; Lt Thomas Jackson; Ens Thomas Juxon
  • Quartermaster: Thomas Dancer

September 1642

The London Bands Alarm Places4)

  • The Green Regiment of the London Trained Bands
  • Colonel: John Warner: Aldermanbury
  • Lt Colonel: Matthew Forster: Old Jury End by Cateman St
  • Major: Owen Rowe: Moorgate within
  • Captain: Matthew Sheppard: Cripplegate within
  • Francis Rowe: North end of Great Wood St
  • Robert Mannering: The Conduit without Cripplegate

September 1643

The Green Regiment of the London Trained Bands (6 companies)5)

  • Colonel: John Warner, Alderman
  • Captain-Lieutenant: Thomas Juxon “Slayne at Newbery”
  • Lieutenant-Colonel: Matthew Foster, Vintner at The Ship
  • Major: Owen Roe, a Mercer in Cheapside
  • Captain: Matthew Shepherd, a Sugar baker (partner to Juxon)
  • Captain: Francis Roe “Brother to Owen Roe”
  • Captain: Robert Mainwaring “hath a troope of horse besides”

October 1646

Lining the route of procession at the Earl of Essex's funeral6)

City Green Trained Band.

  • Col Owen Rowe
  • Lt Col Francis Rowe
  • Major John Lane
  • Capt Thomas Juxon
  • Capt William Eardley
  • Capt Ralph Tasker

July 1647

Officers granted arrears in the final hours of the Presbyterian Militia Committee’s existence on 23 July 1647 7).

City Green Trained Band

  • Col Matthew Shepheard
  • Lt Col John Lane
  • Major Thomas Juxon
  • Capt William Eardley
  • Capt Ralph Tasker

December 1647

Officers after re-organisation under the dominance of the Independents8).

City Green Trained Band

  • Col Owen Rowe
  • Lt Col. Thomas Juxon

Strength

  • April 1642: 6 companies
  • September 1643: 503 muskets 297 pikes about 63 officers (863) in 6 companies

See Also

The Green Regiment are re-enacted by The Pike and Musket Society in Australia.

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) The Names Dignitie & Places of the Severall Colonells…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E669 f6 (10).
4) British Library Thomason Tracts E669 f6
5) The London Trained Bands Mustered in Finsbury Fields 26 September 1643; Ensignes of the Regiments in the rebellious Citty of London, National Army Museum Ms 6807-53
6) The Militia of London 1641-1649 PhD Thesis, Lawson Chase Nagel, King’s College, University of London, 1982.
7) , 8) The Militia of London 1641-1649 PhD Thesis, Lawson Chase Nagel, King’s College, University of London, 1982.