Devon Trained Bands in 1633

From a list shown in A View of Devonshire in MDCXXX: With a Pedigree of Most of Its Gentry By Thomas Westcote1)

These, (Deputy Lieutenents) for the easier, speedier, and better managing and directing of the martial affairs, have divided this county into three divisions or severed parts, naming them the south, east, and north divisions; in every of which there are two regiments of trained soldiers, (the south hath the addition of a demi-regiment,) under selected and choice gentry of the country, who are their colonels and captains.

Lord Lieutenant

  • Francis, Earl of Bedford

South Division

Sir Edward Seymore's Regiment of Foot

  • Sir Edward Seimar, knt., bart., col.
  • John Seymer
  • Edmund Tremain
  • John Bastard
  • Christopher Blackhall
  • John Connock

Col. John Bampfield's Regiment of Foot

2nd regiment

  • John Bampfield, col.
  • George Cary
  • Humphrey Pruz
  • John Northcot
  • Hugh Clifford
  • Simon Worth

Col. Henry Champernon's Regiment of Foot

The other regiment being but of companies

  • Henry Champernon, col.
  • John Crocker
  • Arthur Ashford
  • John Pollexfen

These are all mustered in the south division, besides the companies within the two towns of Plymouth and Dartmouth.

Eastern Division

Col. Francis Courtney's Regiment of Foot

1st regiment

  • Francis Courtney,col.
  • Henry Ashford
  • Henry Walrond
  • Peter Carew
  • Sir Walter Leach
  • John Francis

Sir John Drake's Regiment of Foot

2nd regiment

  • Sir John Drake, knt., col.
  • Sir John Pole, bart.
  • Thomas Drake
  • William Drake
  • Robert Duke
  • William Frye

North Division

Sir Lewis Pollard's Regiment of Foot

1st regiment

  • Sir Lewis Pollard, bart., col.
  • Edmund Parker
  • Edward Pyne
  • Robert Dillon
  • John Giffard
  • John Berry

Col. John Acland's Regiment of Foot

2nd regiment

  • John Acland, esq., col.
  • John Arscot
  • Leonard Yeo
  • Arthur Arsot
  • Francis Weekes
  • Jonathan Prideaux

All these are well armed with pike and musket. There are also three cornets of horse, under the command of Colonel Sir Ferdinando Gorge.

In addition there were four companies of Devon tinners:

These tinners are distinguished from foreigners (for so they term those that are no tinners,) by many sundry immunities and freedoms: as not to be mustered before the lord lieutenant or his deputies; they are not to be impleaded for any tin cause but in their own courts and before the warden and his deputy, and by them to be commanded, trained, and mustered. And of them are four companies, or trained bands, according to their four courts (Chagford, Ashburton, Tavistock, and Plimpton).

Flags

Flags of Sir John Drake's Regiment of Devon Trained Band Foot in 1639 are illustrated in Flags & Standards of the English Civil War2)

The flags themselves are:

  • Colonel- red field, small yellow sun in centre
  • Lt Colonel- red field, white cross
  • Major- red field, white cross, yellow pile wavy, top right
  • Captain- red field, white cross, yellow circle, top right
  • Captain- red field, white cross, yellow fleur de lis, top right
  • Captain- red field, white cross, yellow falcon