This is an old revision of the document!

Colonel Jonathan Trelawney’s Cornish Trained Band Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJonathan Trelawney
Area RaisedCornwall
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesGrenville 1645
Hopton 1646

Cornish Trained Band regiment of foot serving with Hopton in the west in 1646

Service History


  • Newly raised in Cornwall
  • July: Lt Col Grills commissioned
  • July: Siege of Taunton
  • July: Desertion problems


  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro


Trained Band of West Hundred, Cornwall

Coats, Flags and Equipment

VJ writes: Trevannion, the two Arundells and this Regiment were almost certainly all Red coats. I had a reference from a Parliament news book mentioning the Cornish newly raised red coats deserting. This reference has since disappeared when my computer crashed and only a portion could be saved from the hard drive. Lord Goring wrote to Lord Culpepper 20th July 1645 from Stevenston requesting pay for his Officers. The letter was carried by Colonel Richard Arundell who was on his way to round up the deserters from the four new raised Regiments.

Notable Officers

Jonathan Trelawney

Jonathan Trelawney served as a captain in Sir Bevil Grenville’s Regiment of Foot then in Colonel John Digby’s Regiment of Horse and took over the cavalry regiment as colonel in 1644.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Jonathan Trelawny
  • Lieutenant Colonel Charles Grills (1)
  • Sargeant Major John Prideaux Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Walter Glyn I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Hunkyn Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Ambrose Manaton I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Stephen Polewheele I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Roger Slemming (2) + I.O. Cornwall
  • Captain Lieutenant Adam Grills I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Bridgeman I.O. Cornwall to Capt. Polewhele
  • Lieutenant John Hawke I.O. Cornwall to Capt. Hunkyn
  • Lieutenant Thomas Venman I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Phillip Cowling I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant Thomas Cowling I.O. Cornwall
  • Lieutenant John Grills I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Beare I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Floud I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Humphrey Hill I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Honycombe I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign Roger Laundry I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Lobbe I.O. Cornwall to Sgnt. Maj. Prideaux
  • Ensign Pierge Richards I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign John Skantlebury I.O. Cornwall
  • Ensign William Stevens I.O. Cornwall

A Captain Arthur Polewhele was buried at Launceston 22.6.1643, possibly an earlier Trained Band Captain.

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Royal Institution of Cornwall HF/19/13

Johnathan Trelawny Colonell of a Trained Regiment in the County of Cornwall To Lieutenant Colonell Charles Grilles Esqr.

By Authority and power given me by his Highness Prince Charles and Duke of Cornwall to the Colonell of a Regiment of trained Bands within the Hundred of West. I doe by vertue of this commission and being confident of your vallour fidelity and experience in martiall affairs constitute and ordaine you the said Charles Grilles to be Liuetenant Colonell to command the parishes of Lanreth St Veepe and St. Winnow being parte of this my Trained Regiment willing and commanding all inferior officers and souldiers of the said Regiment you to obeye and readily receive and accomplish such orders you shall give them from tyme to tyme for his Majesties service; And you yourself allsoe to observe and followe such orders as you shall from tyme to tyme receive from me. And in my absence to follow such as you shall receive from the Colonell Generall of the said County, or from any other your superior officer to who of right you are or ought to be subordinate according to occasion and discipline of Warr, and for soe doeing this shalbee sufficient warrant. Given under my hand and seale this sixteenth day of July 1645 Jo: Trelawney

(2) Cornwall Record Office, Truro Basset Family of Tehidy papers DDM/35/82 Accounts of Lady Ann Basset

  • Captain Roger Sleman himself and his Company £10.0.0.
  • At Easter 1644 Advance to Captain Slemans pyoneers £10.0.0
  • Captain Slamen £20.0.0

SP29.66.98 His signature Roger Sleeman Capt.


Trelawney Papers. Camden Misc. Vol. 2

At 17 raised a Company of Foot under Sir Bevil Granville At 18 Capt Troop of Horse Col. John Digby Captains Commission 1.3.1642/3 and later had Commission to be Colonel of the same Regiment. Also a Colonel of Foot under Sir Richard Grenville which he raised at his own charge and brought to Taunton.


See Also