Sir John Gordon of Haddo’s Troop of Horse

ConflictsFirst Bishops’ War
First Civil War
CaptainGordon of Haddo
Area RaisedAberdeenshire
Flag ColourWhite?
Flag DesignPlain?
Field ArmiesAboyne 1639

Scots Royalist troop of horse, perhaps cuirassiers, engaged in the First Bishop’s war of 1639

Service History


  • Raised in Aberdeenshire
  • May: Trot o’ Turriff
  • June: Battle of Megray Hill


  • Raised again in Aberdeenshire
  • May: Kellie Castle


Gordon of Haddo’s troop, together with Ogilvy of Banff’s troop, formed the Scots Royalist cavalry at the very first skirmish of the Civil Wars, the Trot o’ Turriff on the 14th of May 1639. One of these troops were equipped with full cuirassier armour and bore ane hankerciffe upon a lance as a colour1). Despite routing the Covenanters at Turriff, the Royalists were defeated by the Earl Marischall in June 1639 at Megray Hill. Raised again in 1644, they probably surrendered at Kellie Castle in May.


Notable Officers

Sir John Gordon of Haddo

As well as the First Bishop’s War, Sir John Gordon of Haddo (1610-1644) also led Scots Royalist forces to briefly seize Aberdeen in March 1644, but was cornered at Kellie Castle in Fife in May 1644, surrendering to the Marquis of Argyll. He was then tried for high treason and beheaded at Mercat Cross in Edinburgh on 19th July 1644.


One troop only

See Also

1) Scots Armies of the 17th Century 3. The Royalist Armies, Stuart Reid 1989, Partizan Press ISBN:094652563