Maclean Highlanders

Active1645 to 1647
1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHighlanders
ColonelSir Lachlan Maclean
Sir Hector Maclean
Area RaisedArgyll & Hebrides
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMontrose 1645
Browne 1651

Highland clan contingent fighting alongside Montrose, on Mull and later in a famous last stand against the English at Inverkeithing

Service History

1645

  • February: Battle of Inverlochy
  • May: Battle of Auldearn
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth

1647

1650

  • December: Sir Euchunn (Hector) Maclean commissioned colonel of foot to be raised from Argyll and Bute

1651

  • July: Join the army at Stirling
  • July: Assigned to Holborn and Browne's force
  • July: Battle of Inverkeithing, brigaded with Buchannan's on the right wing

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 Clan Maclean

The Macleans were almost annihilated at Inverkeithing. Isolated after the departure of most of their allies, the clansmen protected their chief from the English to the last with cries of Fear eil airson Eachuinn! (Another one for Hector!). In the end, after Hector was shot dead, only 35 men of 700-800 were left standing.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Lachlan Maclean

17th chief of Clan Maclean, Sir Lachlan Maclean led the clan in 1644 and on Mull, he died in 1649 and was succeeded by his son Hector.

Sir Hector Maclean

18th Chief of Clan Maclean, Sir Euchunn (Hector) Ruadh Maclean of Duart led the clan at Inverkeithing, but was killed there in battle.

Companies

According to Major Bristol, quoted by Furgol, the Macleans were organised into the following companies;

  • Coll & Tiree
  • Ross of Mull
  • Ardgour
  • Morvern
  • Kingerloch
  • Northwest Mull

Strength

  • 1645: Only 30 men with Lachlan at Inverlochy, after which he retuned home to raise the whole clan
  • 1651: Around 700 Macleans and 100 Macquarries and others in 6 or 7 companies
  • July 1651: Estimates vary from 500 to 800 men at Inverkeithing

See Also