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royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [06/09/2018 08:52]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-aston [22/11/2018 23:49] (current)
tim
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 ====1643==== ====1643====
 +  *January: Aston orders the two troops in Cheshire to rejoin the regiment
   *January: Skirmish at Nantwich   *January: Skirmish at Nantwich
   *February: Skirmish at Taporley   *February: Skirmish at Taporley
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 Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flank, routing the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​ Sir Thomas Aston raised two troops of horse in Cheshire and one in Lancashire, leading them south in time for the Battle of Edgehill, where they served on the Royalist left flank, routing the opposing Parliamentarian horse. They were at the storm of Brentford and therefore probably at Turnham Green. Meanwhile Aston had left officers to recruit in Cheshire and support Lord Cholmondley in holding the county. In the winter of 1642-3 Aston and his regiment returned to Cheshire, united with their missing troops and began a campaign against the local Parliamentarians under Sir William Brereton. ​
  
-The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down.  They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​+The campaign went badly for the Royalists, with Aston being defeated in a succession of skirmishes, which he blamed on recently-raised local troops rather than his own regiment. With the failure of this independent command he was recalled to Oxford, bringing his regiment of horse along with him. The regiment served as part of the Oxford army for the 1643 campaign, and were in the thick of the fighting at First Newbury, where Aston had his horse shot from under him. In the winter of 1643-44 they are noted as quartered at Evesham then winning a skirmish near Poole in Dorset. By Lostwithiel they had re-joined the Oxford army and pursued the fleeing horse of Essex’s army over Caradon Down. They don’t appear to have been at Second Newbury but Aston was commander of a brigade of horse at the relief of Donnington, though his regiment’s presence is not confirmed. ​
  
 By February 1645 they were back in the West Country, with Lewis Dyve’s and Lord Goring’s forces at the siege of Weymouth, then at Ilminster and Langport. By this stage command had passed to Radcliffe, then Prestwich. Somewhat confusingly a number of officers from the regiment were captured in a skirmish at Kidderminster in Worcestershire in October 1645, which does not appear likely for a regiment serving with Lord Goring in the West. In 1646 they surrendered at Truro. ​ By February 1645 they were back in the West Country, with Lewis Dyve’s and Lord Goring’s forces at the siege of Weymouth, then at Ilminster and Langport. By this stage command had passed to Radcliffe, then Prestwich. Somewhat confusingly a number of officers from the regiment were captured in a skirmish at Kidderminster in Worcestershire in October 1645, which does not appear likely for a regiment serving with Lord Goring in the West. In 1646 they surrendered at Truro. ​
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   * Sir William Ratcliffe'​s Troop   * Sir William Ratcliffe'​s Troop
-      ​* Lieutenant Yates +    ​* Lieutenant Yates 
-      * Cornet Hanslop +    * Cornet Hanslop 
-      * Quartermaster Kelsall+    * Quartermaster Kelsall
  
   * Captain Prestwich'​s Troop   * Captain Prestwich'​s Troop
-      ​* Lieutenant William Massey +    ​* Lieutenant William Massey 
-      * Cornet John Pavney+    * Cornet John Pavney
  
   * Captain Reston'​s Troop   * Captain Reston'​s Troop
-      ​* Lieutenant Hawkin +    ​* Lieutenant Hawkin 
-      * Cornet Norman +    * Cornet Norman 
-      * Quartermaster Brandon+    * Quartermaster Brandon
  
-  * Captain John Vangerish Troop +  * Captain John Vangerish Troop (also given as Vangall) 
-      * Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish +    * Lieutenant Hanse Jacop Freish 
-      * Cornet Stoopier +    * Cornet Stoopier 
-      * Quartermaster Sturgesse+    * Quartermaster Sturgesse
  
   *Captain Wiltshire'​s Troop   *Captain Wiltshire'​s Troop
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   *Captain Masterton'​s Troop   *Captain Masterton'​s Troop
-      ​* Lieutenant Masterton +    ​* Lieutenant Masterton 
-      * Cornet Wright +    * Cornet Wright 
-      * Quartermaster Dudley+    * Quartermaster Dudley
  
 +=====Contemporary References=====
  
 +==Orders from Oxford==
 To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Capt. Prestwiche and Capt. Radcliffe. To our Trusty and Wellbeloved Capt. Prestwiche and Capt. Radcliffe.
-Whereas wee have lately given order of the 21 past required with your Troopes of Horse under your command to attend our Right Trusty and wellbeloved the Viscount Cholmondeley and to stay with him until you shall receave our further order;wee are now pleased and doe hereby recall such our command hereby willing and requiring you and both of you for this time upon sight hereof to repaire unto our Army or to such place as you shall receave our command from our Trusty and wellbeloved Sir Thomas Aston your Colonell and for your so doeing this shalbee your sufficient warrant.+Whereas wee have lately given order of the 21 past required with your Troopes of Horse under your command to attend our Right Trusty and wellbeloved the Viscount Cholmondeley and to stay with him until you shall receave our further order; wee are now pleased and doe hereby recall such our command hereby willing and requiring you and both of you for this time upon sight hereof to repaire unto our Army or to such place as you shall receave our command from our Trusty and wellbeloved Sir Thomas Aston your Colonell and for your so doeing this shalbee your sufficient warrant.
 Oxford the 8th of Jan. (1643) Oxford the 8th of Jan. (1643)
  
 +==Plundering==
 Extract. Undated. Extract. Undated.
 The humble petition of divers inhabitants of Armescole & Blackmell in the parish of Tredington in the said County to the Governor and Commissioners of Worcestershire. The humble petition of divers inhabitants of Armescole & Blackmell in the parish of Tredington in the said County to the Governor and Commissioners of Worcestershire.
-That 40 horse plundered,​and found in the Regiment of Colonel Thomas Aston in their quarters around Black Bourton near Bourton Co. Oxon.+That 40 horse plundered, and found in the Regiment of Colonel Thomas Aston in their quarters around Black Bourton near Bourton Co. Oxon.
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====