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royalist:horse-regiments:sir-james-long [16/08/2019 09:44]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:sir-james-long [20/09/2019 16:02] (current)
tim
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 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Colonel**|Sir James Long|  |**Colonel**|Sir James Long|
-|**Area Raised**||+|**Area Raised**|Wiltshire|
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
 |**Field Armies**|Hopton 1643| |**Field Armies**|Hopton 1643|
-| |Oxford 1643-4|+| |Garrison|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
Line 22: Line 22:
   *July: Skirmish at Beckhampton   *July: Skirmish at Beckhampton
   *July: Battle of Roundway Down   *July: Battle of Roundway Down
 +  *Siege of Bristol??
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
 +  *Garrison of Nunney Castle (Capt Poulton) ​
 +  *August: Skirmish at Phillip'​s Norton (Capt Poulton)
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
   *February: Taking of Rowden House   *February: Taking of Rowden House
-  *March: Skirmish at Trowbridge+  ​*March: Reported to be escorting Prince Rupert to Bristol 
 +  ​*March: Skirmish at Trowbridge, much of regiment captured 
 +  *May to June: Siege of Taunton 
 +  *Auburn Fight??
   *October: Besieged at Longford House?   *October: Besieged at Longford House?
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 +An unlucky regiment, in 1643 Long's horse were ambushed escorting a powder convoy to relieve Hopton in Devizes, defeated and scattered. In May 1645 most of the regiment was captured near Trowbridge by Waller and Cromwell. ​
 =====Flags===== =====Flags=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Sir James Long==== ====Sir James Long====
-[[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Sir_James_Long,​_2nd_Baronet|Sir James Long]] ​+[[http://​en.m.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Sir_James_Long,​_2nd_Baronet|Sir James Long]] ​Long was the Sheriff of Wiltshire and surrendered on Oxford articles.
  
 +====Officer Lists====
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Colonel James Longs regiment of Horse+  *Colonel James Long 
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Richard Bolles (3) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Thomas Lister (7)  
 +  *Sargeant Major Rowles (1)
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​       ​Richard ​Bolles ​                                   ​(3)+  *Captain Bartholomew Barnes Ment. I.O 
 +  *Captain Simon Chapman I.O. Somerset  
 +  *Captain William Cuffe I.O. Wilts. ​  
 +  *Captain George Gouldsborough I.O. Wilts. 
 +  *Captain Thomas Gowen  Ment. I.O.  
 +  *Captain Hayles (3)  
 +  *Captain Hopton (6) 
 +  *Captain Jones (3) + (4) 
 +  *Captain George Lisle  I.O. Sot'​n. 
 +  *Captain Thomas Long Ment. I.O.  
 +  *Captain Thomas Maxwell I.O. L + W 
 +  *Captain William Poulton (5)  
 +  *Captain Edward Shester (3) 
 +  *Captain ​Richard ​Staples ​(3) + ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Thomas, Lord Arundell of Wardour (2) 
 +  *Captain Ralph Townsend I.O. Wilts. 
 +  *Captain Webb    
 +    
 +  *Lieutenant Culloes (3) 
 +  *Lieutenant John Hart I.O. Surrey 
 +  *Lieutenant John Horne (6) to Capt. Hopton 
 +  *Lieutenant William Massham I.O. Wilts. 
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Poulton I.O. Wilts.  
 +  *Lieutenant William Smith I.O. Somerset to Capt. Gowen
  
-Sargeant Major              Thomas Lister ​                                     ​(7)  +  *Cornet William Chamberlain I.O. Dorset to Lt. Col. Bolles  
-Sargeant Major                                             ​Rowles ​                  (1)+  *Cornet William Grant I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Staples  
 +  *Cornet Edward Jones I.O. Montgom. 
 +  *Cornet Walter Long I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Long 
 +  *Cornet Robert Mason (3
 +  ​*Cornet Richman ​(3
  
-Captain ​                           Bartholomew Barnes ​                        ​Ment. ​I.O. +  *Quartermaster William Adams I.O. Wiltsto Lt. ColBolles 
-Captain ​                           Simon Chapman ​                                I.OSomerset ​ +  ​*Quartermaster Edward Bridges ​I.O. Wilts. ​to Capt. Long   
-Captain ​                           William Cuffe                                        ​I.O. Wilts. ​  +  ​*Quartermaster Henry Done I.O. Wilts. ​  
-Captain ​                           George Gouldsborough ​                   ​I.O. Wilts. +  ​*Quartermaster James Freath ​I.O. Chester to Capt. Long  ​ 
-Captain ​                           Thomas Gowen                                  Ment. I.O.  +  ​*Quartermaster Ralph Simms I.O. Sot'​n. ​to CaptBarnes 
-Captain ​                                                           Hayles ​                  (3)  +  ​*Quartermaster John Tenham ​I.O. Wilts. ​to  LtColBolles ​ 
-Captain ​                                       Hopton ​                                     (6) +  ​*Quartermaster ​William ​Wilson ​I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Staples ​
-Captain ​                                      ​Jones ​                                        (3) + (4) +
-Captain ​                           George Lisle                                        ​I.O. Sot'n. +
-Captain ​                           Thomas Long                                      Ment. I.O.  +
-Captain ​                           Thomas Maxwell ​                                I.O. L + W +
-Captain ​                           William Poulton ​                                  (5)  +
-Captain ​                           Edward Shester ​                                 (3) +
-Captain ​                           Richard Staples ​                                  (3) + ment. I.O. +
-Captain ​                           Thomas,Lord Arundell of Wardour (2) +
-Captain ​                           Ralph Townsend ​                                I.O. Wilts. +
-Captain ​                                          ​Webb ​       +
-      +
-Lieutenant ​                                    ​Culloes ​                                   (3) +
-Lieutenant ​                     John Hart                                               I.OSurrey +
-Lieutenant ​                     John Horne                                            (6) to Capt. Hopton +
-Lieutenant ​                     ​William ​Massham ​                                I.O. Wilts. +
-Lieutenant ​                     Thomas Poulton ​                                  I.O. Wilts.  +
-Lieutenant ​                     William Smith                                         I.O. Somerset ​to Capt. Gowen+
  
-Cornet ​                            William ​Chamberlain ​                         I.O. Dorset to Lt. Col. Bolles  +Also see Nunney Castle and Captain ​William ​Poulton.
-Cornet ​                            ​William Grant                                         I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Staples  +
-Cornet ​                            ​Edward Jones                                       I.O. Montgom. +
-Cornet ​                            ​Walter Long                                           I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Long +
-Cornet ​                            ​Robert Mason                                       (3) +
-Cornet ​                                           Richman ​                                 (3) +
  
-Quartermaster ​             William Adams                                       I.O. Wilts. to Lt. Col. Bolles +=====Contemporary References===== ​  
-Quartermaster ​             Edward Bridges ​                                   I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Long   +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
-Quartermaster ​             Henry Done                                            I.O. Wilts. ​  +
-Quartermaster ​             James Freath ​                                        I.O. Chester to Capt. Long   +
-Quartermaster ​             Ralph Simms                                          I.O. Sot'n. to Capt. Barnes +
-Quartermaster ​             John Tenham ​                                       I.O. Wilts. to  Lt. Col. Bolles  +
-Quartermaster ​             William Wilson ​                                      I.O. Wilts. to Capt. Staples  +
- +
-Also see Nunney Castle and Captain William Poulton.+
  
 +==Long'​s Petition==
 SP23.192.412 SP23.192.412
 Extract. Extract.
Line 95: Line 106:
  ​Rec'​d 18. August 1646  ​Rec'​d 18. August 1646
  
 +==Long'​s Pass==
 SP23.192.417 9080020 SP23.192.417 9080020
  
 Handwritten pass  Handwritten pass 
-Suffer the bearer hereof Coll James Longe,who was in the City,​Garrison of Oxford,at the surrender thereof,and is to have the full benefitt of the Articles agreed upon the surrender,​quietly and without lett or interrupcion,​to passe your Guards... ​             +Suffer the bearer hereof Coll James Longe, who was in the City, Garrison of Oxford, at the surrender thereof, and is to have the full benefitt of the Articles agreed upon the surrender, quietly and without lett or interrupcion,​ to passe your Guards... ​            
  
  
 +==At Devizes==
  
 (1) The Poetry of Anna Matilda. William Wallers Mss. Is at the back of this book.  ​ (1) The Poetry of Anna Matilda. William Wallers Mss. Is at the back of this book.  ​
-‘The infall at the Devizes and the taking of Major Rowles,and his horse,the balance of Colonel Longs Regiment.’+‘The infall at the Devizes and the taking of Major Rowles, and his horse, the balance of Colonel Longs Regiment.’
  
 Possibly a mistake for Bolles ? Possibly a mistake for Bolles ?
  
 +
 +==Wiltshire records==
  
 (2) Wiltshire Record Office (2) Wiltshire Record Office
 A1.110.127 Easter 1661 A1.110.127 Easter 1661
-Certificate of James Long that Nicholas Jones of Henden (check) was a trooper in my own troop immediately before the taking of Bristol.His former Captain the Lord Arundel of Wardour being then wounded and dying for his cause at Oxford.At Auburn fight 6 weeks after Naseby we were engaged against a number of Horse and Dragoons which more than quadrupled our number.After 2 troopers of mine slain outright trying to open a gate defended by many Dragoons Nicholas Jones opened the gate  
  
-(3E.276.7+Certificate of James Long that Nicholas Jones of Henden ​(checkwas a trooper in my own troop immediately before the taking of BristolHis former Captain the Lord Arundel of Wardour being then wounded and dying for his cause at OxfordAt Auburn fight 6 weeks after Naseby we were engaged against a number of Horse and Dragoons which more than quadrupled our number. After 2 troopers of mine slain outright trying to open a gate defended by many Dragoons Nicholas Jones opened the gate 
  
 +
 +==Fight at Trowbridge==
 +
 +(3) E.276.7
 E.274.5 The Weekly Account 12-19th March 1644/5. E.274.5 The Weekly Account 12-19th March 1644/5.
-‘The Prince,the Bishop of Armagh with diverse others of the least rank, are gone with a convoy to Bristoll, and have carried with them a great part of the treasure from Oxford, and were conducted by Colonell Longs Regiment of Horse.’+ 
 +‘The Prince, the Bishop of Armagh with diverse others of the least rank, are gone with a convoy to Bristoll, and have carried with them a great part of the treasure from Oxford, and were conducted by Colonell Longs Regiment of Horse.’
  
 ‘Sir, ‘Sir,
Line 124: Line 142:
  
 A list of what was taken A list of what was taken
-Colonell Sir James Long the High Sheriff +  *Colonell Sir James Long the High Sheriff 
-The Under Sheriff +  *The Under Sheriff 
-8 Captains +  *8 Captains 
-400 Horse +  *400 Horse 
-340 Armes +  *340 Armes 
-300 Prisoners +  *300 Prisoners 
-7 Cornets.+  *7 Cornets. 
 + 
 +==Jones'​ Delinquency==
  
 (4) SP19.131.21 (4) SP19.131.21
Line 137: Line 157:
 The humble certificate of  Edward Curles The humble certificate of  Edward Curles
 That Captain Jones of Newton Toney in the County of Wiltshire was in armes against the Parliament his estate is about 400l p ano as I am informed. That Captain Jones of Newton Toney in the County of Wiltshire was in armes against the Parliament his estate is about 400l p ano as I am informed.
 +
 +
 +==Russell'​s Petition==
  
 (5) Wiltshire Record Office (5) Wiltshire Record Office
 A1.110.98 Trinity 1661 A1.110.98 Trinity 1661
-Petition of William Russell of Horningsham,​Wiltshire. +Petition of William Russell of Horningsham,​ Wiltshire. 
-Served as a trooper under Captain Staples and Captain Poulton until the siege of Taunton.Utterly lost the use of one of his arms. +Served as a trooper under Captain Staples and Captain Poulton until the siege of Taunton. Utterly lost the use of one of his arms. 
-Petition subscribed by Richard Staples,​Antho.Gibbe,​Phil. Day and Thos. Paulton.+Petition subscribed by Richard Staples, Antho. Gibbe, Phil. Day and Thos. Paulton. 
  
 +==Skirmish at Pillip Norton==
 E.8.12 Mercurius Civicus August 29th to September 5th 1644 E.8.12 Mercurius Civicus August 29th to September 5th 1644
 details of a letter from Salisbury dated 2nd September 1644 details of a letter from Salisbury dated 2nd September 1644
-"Upon Friday last we marched from Broad hinton to Lovington,​where we baited,and from thence to Hartly Castle,the next morning where we had intelligence that 80 of the enemies horse were at Phillip Norton in Somersetshire whither we marched,but they were gone before we came there we heard 3 or 4 parties of the enemies horse were abroad,but it was not thought fit to move neerer Bath in regard Prince Rupert with his broken company of horse were that day expected there,​whereupon we withdrew,​resolving to make towards Nunney Castle,​being disappointed of our designe at Farley Castle,​which was to take 40 horses in Farley Park,but Major Wansey had tooke them the day before,but we were no sooner marched out of Norton,but Captaine Poulton,​Captaine of Nunney Castle came in with his party of horse and fell upon our reare,and the said Major Dowet being in the reare with his Cornet,and not above 15 men,who gacing about after a sharp fight routed the enemy,tooke their Captaines and some other Officers,​and about 20 common souldiers prisoners,6 or 7 were slaine in the place,the whole party dispers'​d,​we brought off 30 horse with the loss of one man onely two wounded,we tooke a bag of powder,​besides another bag of powder which was blowne up during the fight,and spoyled three of the enemies souldiers. 
-The names of the chief prisoners taken by the said Major Dowet at Phillip Norton,​August 31,are as follows 
  
-William ​Poulton Captaine, +"Upon Friday last we marched from Broad hinton to Lovington, where we baited, and from thence to Hartly Castle, the next morning where we had intelligence that 80 of the enemies horse were at Phillip Norton in Somersetshire whither we marched, but they were gone before we came there we heard 3 or 4 parties of the enemies horse were abroad, but it was not thought fit to move neerer Bath in regard Prince Rupert with his broken company of horse were that day expected there, whereupon we withdrew, resolving to make towards Nunney Castle, being disappointed of our designe at Farley Castle, which was to take 40 horses in Farley Park, but Major Wansey had tooke them the day before, but we were no sooner marched out of Norton, but Captaine ​PoultonCaptaine ​of Nunney Castle came in with his party of horse and fell upon our reareand the said Major Dowet being in the reare with his Cornet, and not above 15 men, who facing about after a sharp fight routed the enemy, tooke their Captaines and some other Officers, and about 20 common souldiers prisoners, 6 or 7 were slaine in the place, the whole party dispers'​d,​ we brought off 30 horse with the loss of one man onely two wounded, we tooke a bag of powder, besides another bag of powder which was blowne up during the fight, and spoyled three of the enemies souldiers. 
-Giles Clerke Lieutenant +The names of the chief prisoners taken by the said Major Dowet at Phillip Norton, August 31,are as follows
-John Hurdman Corporall +
-Richard Colley +
-David Williams +
-Robert Welson +
-Francis Wood +
-Robert Clerke +
-Robert Sutton +
-Isaac Newcomen +
-Walter Tucker +
-Robert Marchant +
-William Robell+
  
-In this encounter C. Robert Painter Cornet to Major Dowet behaved himself very gallantly,​and tooke the said Captaine Poulton Commander of the party prisoner."​+  *William Poulton Captaine, 
 +  *Giles Clerke Lieutenant 
 +  *John Hurdman Corporall 
 +  *Richard Colley 
 +  *David Williams 
 +  *Robert Welson 
 +  *Francis Wood 
 +  *Robert Clerke 
 +  *Robert Sutton 
 +  *Isaac Newcomen 
 +  *Walter Tucker 
 +  *Robert Marchant 
 +  *William Robell 
 + 
 +In this encounter C. Robert Painter Cornet to Major Dowet behaved himself very gallantly, and tooke the said Captaine Poulton Commander of the party prisoner."​ 
 + 
 + 
 +==Poulton'​s Delinquency==
  
 Add.Mss.22085 f.18 Add.Mss.22085 f.18
Line 170: Line 199:
  
 22.November 1645 22.November 1645
 +
 +
 +==Starre'​s Petition==
  
 (6) Wiltshire Record Office (6) Wiltshire Record Office
 A1.110.137 A1.110.137
 Petition of William Starre of Westbury Petition of William Starre of Westbury
-Listed under Captain Hopton,an Officer under Lord Hopton. +Listed under Captain Hopton, an Officer under Lord Hopton. 
-Signed Jo.Horne Lieut. to Capt. Hopton.+Signed Jo. Horne Lieut. to Capt. Hopton.
  
 I doe certifie abovesaid was in my Regiment. I doe certifie abovesaid was in my Regiment.
 James Long. James Long.
  
-Long was the Sheriff of Wiltshire and surrendered on Oxford articles. 
  
 +==Another pass for Long==
 SP23.192.417 SP23.192.417
-Suffer the bearer hereof Coll. James Long,who was in the Citty Garrison of Oxford,at the surrender thereof,and is to have the full benefitt of the Articles afreed upon the surrender quietly and without lett or interrupcion,​to pass your Guards with his servants.+Suffer the bearer hereof Coll. James Long, who was in the Citty Garrison of Oxford, at the surrender thereof, and is to have the full benefitt of the Articles afreed upon the surrender quietly and without lett or interrupcion,​ to pass your Guards with his servants.
  
 +==Nunney Castle==
 Turbeville commanded Nunney Castle by March 1645 Turbeville commanded Nunney Castle by March 1645
  
Line 190: Line 223:
  
 16th March 1644(5). 16th March 1644(5).
-Nunney Castle commanded by Terbovile in great misery,upon which his Lordship granted such a warrant to take  up delinquents goods upon ticket to victuall ye Castle+Nunney Castle commanded by Terbovile in great misery, upon which his Lordship granted such a warrant to take up delinquents goods upon ticket to victuall ye Castle
  
 +
 +==Thomas Lister==
 (7) .145.21 (7) .145.21
-Captain John Rathborne imformeth that Thomas Lister Gentleman of Bradford in ye County of Yorke was in actuall armes against the Parliament as Capt. In ye Brigade commanded by Sir Francis Dodington in ye Kinges Army inJuly ​and August 1644 when ye Lord Generall Essex was in Cornwall and was after Maior to Coll. James Long when Taunton was beseiged by ye Kings Party in May and June 1645. +Captain John Rathborne imformeth that Thomas Lister Gentleman of Bradford in ye County of Yorke was in actuall armes against the Parliament as Capt. In ye Brigade commanded by Sir Francis Dodington in ye Kinges Army in July and August 1644 when ye Lord Generall Essex was in Cornwall and was after Maior to Coll. James Long when Taunton was beseiged by ye Kings Party in May and June 1645.
- +
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *May 1645: 3-400 men in 8 troops according to Waller
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====