Sir Charles Gerard’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1643 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Charles Gerard
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesOxford
Gerard

Royalist regiment of horse serving in the Oxford Army and in Wales during the First Civil War.

Service History

1642

  • December: Equipping at Oxford

1643

  • January: Defence of Brill
  • April: Battle of Ripple Field??
  • June: Skirmish at Oddington
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • October: Skirmish at Andover
  • October: Taking of Winchester

1644

  • March: Battle of Newark
  • April: Siege of Kidwelly Castle
  • June: Taking of Cardiff?
  • June: Storm of Carmarthen
  • June: Storm of Cardigan
  • June: Taking of Newcastle Emlyn
  • June: Taking of Laugharne Castle
  • July: Taking of Roch Castle
  • July: Skirmish at Haverfordwest
  • July: Siege of Pembroke
  • October: Besieged at Laugharne Castle (det under Lt Col Russell)
  • November: Relief of Donnington Castle

1645

  • March: Skirmish at Llanidloes?
  • April: Battle of Newcastle Emlyn
  • April: Taking of Haverfordwest
  • April: Taking of Cardigan
  • August: Storm of Huntingdon
  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath
  • November: Battle of Denbigh Green
  • November to February 1646: Besieged at Belvoir Castle??
  • November: Skirmish at Pembridge

Notes

Flags & Equipment

Gerard's cornet was noted as red with a sphere and the motto 'at all that's round' presumably indicating his opposition to roundheads. Illustration 1 above is an artist's interpretation based on the written description.

Gerard's cavalry were armed with pistols and (at least some) carbines, as both pistol and carbine shot was delivered to them in December 1642. At the same time they were assigned 120 sets of back and breast armour and helmets.

Notable Officers

Sir Charles Gerard

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

  • Colonel Sir Charles Gerard
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Russell (4)
  • Lieutenant Colonel David Walters (6)
  • Sargeant Major Alsworth (5)
  • Sargeant Major Doubleday (2)
  • Captain Nicholas Fleming (10)
  • Captain Richard Lane (1)
  • Captain Robert Masters (9)
  • Captain Roger Whitley (7)
  • Lieutenant John Lacy (8)
  • Lieutenant John Wainhouse (3)
  • Lieutenant Thomas Wancklen (6)
  • Cornet Charles Basset I.O. L + W to Lt. Col. Russell
  • Quartermaster Thomas Fisher I.O. Yorksh. to Lt. Col. Russell
  • Quartermaster John Lacy (8)

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) WO.55.423.72 Colonel Charles Gerard Powder and match signed Captain Richard Lane.17.1.1642/3

(2) Merc Aul 1643 check Perhaps Thomas Doubleday P7070108 deceased.

(3) SP29.20.28 Petition of John Wainhouse served as Lieutenant of Horse under Lord Gerard at West Chester.

(4) E.21.3 The Parliament Scout 28.11-5.12.1644

“Wee had very good news out of Wales, the little handfull of our friends in Pembrokeshire have taken Laugh-horne Castle, three pieces of Canon, good store of Armes and Ammunition, divers Officers and other prisoners, the chiefe is Lieutenant Col. Will. Russell, Lieutenant Col. to Colonel Gerard..”

(5) E.21.23 Mercurius Britanicus 9-16.12.1644

“Wee made our approach to this Castle the 29. of Octob. and soon gained the Town, and in the Town gate we planted our Ordnance, from whence we made batterie against the Castle Gate-house, which was not two dayes without the happie advantage of a great breach. Whereupon the Generall called a Councell of War, wherein it was concluded, that that night a party of 200 should storm this Gate-house; to which purpose they raised a strong work at the Eastern end of the Castle green; the whole Army by orders being put in a posture, as they saw cause to second them. About eleven a clock at night the onset was made, and with that resolution and courage, that it soon daunted the enemy; whreupon the souldiers approached to the very Castle wals, where they began to mine, and hitherto with the losse not of above five men, there being slain within the Castle in this very service 23, as was afterwards confessed by some of their own Commanders: This so terrified them within, that out of the windows the souldiers cryed for a parley, which being granted them, they sent forth Major Alsworth to Treate, whose termes at first were high, viz that they might depart with bag and baggage, and Colours flying. He soon returned with a deniall and a peremptorie time allotted to consider of the Generalls offer to march away with their lives, which was by them soon accepted, and the next morning at eight of the clock (being the 30. of Octob.) they surrendered up the Castle with 4 Guns, 4 Barrels of powder and great store of provision, having lost in all 33 men, and many wounded, whereof 4 were Captains. In this siege and assault Colonell Beales Regiment alwaies a chief parte of all duties, wherein both Officers and souldiers behaved themselves with such matchless courage that it wrested even with the enemie (who was more readie to disgrace, then give them right, had not the feare of them fallen upon them) MORE

SEE ALSO B1143

(6) WO55.423.182

To Sir John Heydon Knt, Lieutenant Generall of his Majesties Ordnance, and to the Commissioners appointed of the same.

Theis are to desire and require you to, forthwith upon sight hereof, to deliver to the bearer, for those Troopes under the command of Charles Gerard Collonell of Horse in his Majesties present service, one Barrell of serviceable Powder, and one hundred weight of Carabine, and Pistoll shott. Hereof you must not faile, and you will answer it, and for your soe doeing this shall be your Warrant. Oxford,this Nineteenth day of December under my hand. Rupert

19 December 1642 Received out of his Majesties stores for the use of Collonell Charles Gerrards Troope Viz.

  • Powder 1 Cwt
  • Carabine Shot 1 Cwt
  • Pistoll Shott 1 Cwt

Thomas Wancklen Leftenant to Leftenant Collonell Walter of Collonell Gerards Regement.

This must be David Walters.

(7) John Rylands Library

WO55.423.190 To Sir John Heydon Knt, Leftenant Genearl of his Majesties Ordnance, and to the Commissioners appointed for ye same.

These are to desire and require you forthwith upon sight hereof,to deliver to the bearer for the present armeing of some Troopes under the Regiment of Collonell Charles Gerard six score of your best breast and backs, and as many of your best pott, for his Majesties speciall and present service, hefeof you must not faile, as you will answere the contrary att your perill. And for your soe doeing this shalbe your warrant.

Given at Oxford under my hand this two & twentieth day of December 1642. Rupert.

WO55.423.190.r

22. December 1642.dd upon this warrant 4 brests one backe & 2 headpeeces. Tho: Wancklen

(8) Athenae Oxonienses

John Lacy the comedian born near Doncaster….served his Majesty in the time of the rebellion in the quality of a Lieutenant and a Quartermaster under Coll. Charles Gerard.

(9) SP23.80.453 Named among a list of delinquents Robert Masters of Ampney gent. was a Captaine under Generall Gerard in 1643 being in Armes against the Commonwealth

24th May 1650

(10) SP29.66.115 The Petition of Nicholas Fleming of Malton in the County of Yorkshire Capt. of Horse in the Hon'ble Coll: William Eures Regiment.

Sheweth that your petitioner hath been from ye beginning in these unfortunate warrs, since, under ye Lord Marshall then Generall against ye Scots, secondly under ye Earle of Newcastle, afterwards, when the Queene Mother came out of Holland, your petitioner marched with her Majesty, and soe to the taking of Bristoll, then to the siege att Gloucester, and at Yorke fight his Coll: lost his life and then under Lieutenant Colonel Busbrigg commanded the brigade. Afterwards your petitioner marched with his Troop in the Lord Gerrards Regiment, after that he was commanded to Lamport fight in Somersettshire where he was shot twice through the head, besides many other wounds he there received.

That your petitioner being now above sixty two yeares of Age & alwaies in pain and torment, lame, both in one of his leggs & armes, many times not able to helpe himselfe, & hath not a livelyhood to support himselfe in his old age.

Your petitioner therefore most humbly prayes your most excellent Majesty, gratiously to be pleased to admitt him a reformadoe Capt. either in Kingston upon Hull, or Scarbrough Castle, & that he may have 2sh 6d a day paid him out of your Majesties Exchequer, or out of ye Customs House of Hull. And your petitioner shall pray etc.

Strength

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine