Prince Rupert’s Lifeguard of Horse

Active1643-1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelPrince Rupert
Area Raised
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-3
Rupert 1644
Oxford 1645

Prince Rupert’s Lifeguard Troop of Horse, formed out of his Regiment but sometimes acting independently

Service History

1643

  • February: Storm of Cirencester
  • June: Skirmish at Chinnor
  • June: Battle of Chalgrove Field
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • March: Skirmish at Market Drayton
  • March: Battle of Newark
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • May: Relief of Lathom House
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • November: Relief of Donnington

1645

  • April: Storm of Ledbury
  • May: Skirmish at Stow on the Wold
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • August to September: Besieged in Bristol
  • October: Skirmish at Belvoir Bridge and Walton
  • December: Skirmish at Bredon Hill

1646

  • May to June: Besieged in Oxford
  • June: Disbanded at surrender of Oxford

Notes

The history of the Lifeguard is likely much the same as that of Prince Rupert’s Regiment of Horse, though the two diverge in 1645. At both Marston Moor and Naseby the Lifeguard were deployed separately from Prince Rupert’s Regiment of Horse.

Flags

Notable Officers

Prince Rupert

Lt. Col. Sir Richard Crane

Captured (or killed??) at Bristol 1645

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Storm of Bolton

T2169A According to Colonel Russell, the Earl of Derby charged with Prince Ruperts Lifeguard at the storm of Bolton, who entered the town next to the Forlorn Hope.

Sir Richard Crane

E.38.10 Prince Ruperts Lifeguard of Horse

  • Captain Sir Richard Crane E.301.18 Captured before the storm of Bristol.

Strength

See Also