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royalist:horse-regiments:prince-rupert [02/04/2020 12:14]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:prince-rupert [18/12/2020 14:29] (current)
tim
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 ====1642==== ====1642====
 +  *August: Rupert arrives at Newcastle and joins the King at Leicester
   *August: Attack Caldecote Hall but retire after Mrs Purefoy'​s steadfast defence   *August: Attack Caldecote Hall but retire after Mrs Purefoy'​s steadfast defence
   *September: Battle of Powick Bridge   *September: Battle of Powick Bridge
Line 39: Line 40:
   *February: Storm of Cirencester   *February: Storm of Cirencester
   *March: Standoff at Bristol   *March: Standoff at Bristol
-  *March: Stormed at Malmesbury (det)+  *March: Stormed at Malmesbury (det under Capt Curson)
   *March: Skirmish at Aylesbury   *March: Skirmish at Aylesbury
   *March: Taking of Malmesbury   *March: Taking of Malmesbury
   *April: Storm of Birmingham   *April: Storm of Birmingham
   *April: Siege of Lichfield   *April: Siege of Lichfield
 +  *June: Quartered at Wheatley Bridge ​
   *June: Skirmish at Islip   *June: Skirmish at Islip
   *June: Skirmish at Chinnor   *June: Skirmish at Chinnor
Line 58: Line 60:
   *October: Taking of Bedford   *October: Taking of Bedford
   *November: Skirmish at Towcester?   *November: Skirmish at Towcester?
 +  *November: Dyve's troop quartered at Aylesbury
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
Line 70: Line 73:
   *July: Battle of Marston Moor   *July: Battle of Marston Moor
   *August: Skirmish at Welshpool   *August: Skirmish at Welshpool
-  *September: Skirmish at Newtown (det)+  *September: Skirmish at Newtown (det under Gardiner)
   *November: Relief of Donnington   *November: Relief of Donnington
   ​   ​
Line 89: Line 92:
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-===== Flags=====+===== Flags & Equipment===== 
 +Equipped with both carbines and pistols in 1643, going by ammunition issues.  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
  
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 ====Sir Thomas Dallison==== ====Sir Thomas Dallison====
 [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Dalison_baronets|Sir Thomas Dallison]] was colonel of Rupert'​s horse, and was killed in battle at Naseby in 1645. [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Dalison_baronets|Sir Thomas Dallison]] was colonel of Rupert'​s horse, and was killed in battle at Naseby in 1645.
 +====Daniel O'​Neill====
 +[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Daniel_O%27Neill_(Royalist)|Daniel O'​Neill]],​ usually referred to as Dan, served as Lieutenant Colonel to Prince Rupert'​s horse.  ​
  
-Prince Ruperts Regiment of Horse A WORK IN PROGRESS+====Officer Lists==== 
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
  
-Sargeant Major                           ​Scrimshire ​      (1) +Prince Rupert'​s Regiment of Horse A WORK IN PROGRESS
-Captain Lieutenant ​       William Curson ​           (4)   +
-Captain ​                            Sir Thomas Gardiner (2) + (3) +
-Captain ​                            ​Robert Curson ​            (3) +
-Captain ​                            Lewis Dyve                   (5)+
  
-E.38.10+  *Sargeant Major Scrimshire (1) 
 +  *Captain Sir Thomas Gardiner (2) + (3) 
 +  *Captain Robert Curson (3) 
 +  *Captain Lewis Dyve (5) 
 +  *Captain Lieutenant William Curson (4)  ​
  
-Prince Ruperts Regiment of Horse at the taking of Newark 1644 
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​                  ​O'​Neale+==At Newark== 
 +E.38.10
  
-Sargeant Major                          Legge +Prince Rupert'​s Regiment of Horse at the taking of Newark 1644
  
-                                      ​Lord +  *Lieutenant Colonel O'​Neale 
-                                      Sir Lewis Dyve +  *Sargeant Major Legge  
-                                      Sir Thomas Dallison +  *Lord 
-Captain ​                                       Cob +  *Sir Lewis Dyve 
-Captain ​                                       Gardiner +  *Sir Thomas Dallison 
-Captain ​                                       Martin +  *Captain Cob 
-Captain ​                                       Richardson ​+  *Captain Gardiner 
 +  *Captain Martin 
 +  *Captain Richardson ​
  
 Lots more details. Lots more details.
  
 +=====Contemporary References=====
  
-(1) E.252.48 A diary, 
-Colonel Skrimshaw,​Major of Prince Ruperts own Regiment taken at Pershore. 
  
-(2) E.256.7 A diary,or,An exact iournal. 13-19.9.1644+==(1) Maj Skrimshire== 
 +E.252.48 A diary, 
 +Colonel Skrimshaw, Major of Prince Ruperts own Regiment taken at Pershore. 
 + 
 + 
 +==(2) Sir Thomas Gardiner== 
 +E.256.7 A diary, or, An exact iournal. 13-19.9.1644
 Taken with his troop at New Town Letter Taken with his troop at New Town Letter
  
-(3) Harl.Mss.6804 f.103+==(3) Capt Robert Curson == 
 +Harl.Mss.6804 f.103 
 To the right honorable Lords and others of his Majesties Councell of Warre To the right honorable Lords and others of his Majesties Councell of Warre
-The humble petition of Robert Curson Esq,​Captayne of a Troope of horse in the Regiment of Prince Rupert his Highness. +The humble petition of Robert Curson Esq, Captayne of a Troope of horse in the Regiment of Prince Rupert his Highness. 
-Sheweth that his Troope being at Malmsbury about the xxth of March last uppon losse of the said Towne your petitioner did thereby suffer losse in ready money the sum of two hundred pounds and in clothes,​horse armes and all other things,the whole damage amounting to neere to the value of 400L or thereabouts which losse was principly occasioned by Gent.yeoman and other neare inhabitants unto the same towne which stand disaffected to his Majesties service,​many of them appearing in rebellion.+ 
 +Sheweth that his Troope being at Malmsbury about the xxth of March last uppon losse of the said Towne your petitioner did thereby suffer losse in ready money the sum of two hundred pounds and in clothes, horse armes and all other things, the whole damage amounting to neere to the value of 400L or thereabouts which losse was principly occasioned by Gent. yeoman and other neare inhabitants unto the same towne which stand disaffected to his Majesties service, many of them appearing in rebellion. 
 May it therefore please your honors to take the premises into your consideration and to give your petitioner allowance to present against such offenders. May it therefore please your honors to take the premises into your consideration and to give your petitioner allowance to present against such offenders.
-Offenders Glookes of Tatterton,​Capt.White of Griliton,​William Tanner of Pughe Church,​Edward Sumner of Sutton,​Edward Wayte,John Blake. 
  
 +Offenders Glookes of Tatterton, Capt.White of Griliton, William Tanner of Pughe Church, Edward Sumner of Sutton, Edward Wayte, John Blake.
 +
 +==Munitions==
 WO55.458/​9 ​  ​P6280016 WO55.458/​9 ​  ​P6280016
  
Line 147: Line 168:
 Received out of his Majesties stores as is required by the warrant Received out of his Majesties stores as is required by the warrant
  
-Powder  15lb +  *Powder 15lb 
-Muskett Shott +  *Muskett Shott) 
-Carabine Shott +  *Carabine Shott) 
-and Pistoll Shott )15lb +  *and Pistoll Shott) 15lb 
-Match                                    one skeyne+  *Match one skeyne
  
 Tho: Gardiner Tho: Gardiner
  
  
-(4) SP19.141.77 +==(4) Capt Lt William Curson== 
-Wiliam Curson Esq. of Waterperry in County Oxon being a Captaine Lieutenant or other Officer of command in ye Kings Armay at the tyme ye King was at Oxon. did ride in company with other souldiers of the Kings Army with their pistolls cockt in their hands in Norlech* in Gloucestershire:​ and himselfe alighting from of his horse went into Henry Freemans house in Norlech and fecht out his Gelding out of his stables and carried him away for the Kings service:the said Freeman keeping a souldier for the Parliaments service in Cicester^:​being about a month or 6 weeks before Prince Rupert tooke Cicester.+SP19.141.77 
 + 
 +Wiliam Curson Esq. of Waterperry in County Oxon being a Captaine Lieutenant or other Officer of command in ye Kings Armay at the tyme ye King was at Oxon. did ride in company with other souldiers of the Kings Army with their pistolls cockt in their hands in Norlech* in Gloucestershire:​ and himselfe alighting from of his horse went into Henry Freemans house in Norlech and fecht out his Gelding out of his stables and carried him away for the Kings service: the said Freeman keeping a souldier for the Parliaments service in Cicester^: being about a month or 6 weeks before Prince Rupert tooke Cicester.
 June 21 1650 June 21 1650
 Henry Freeman Henry Freeman
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 ^ Cirencester ^ Cirencester
  
-house of lords.+ 
 +==Skirmish at Newtown== 
 +House of Lords.
  
 Letter from Sir Thomas Myddleton, at Montgomery, Letter from Sir Thomas Myddleton, at Montgomery,
-to his much honoured cousin, John Grlyn, Esq., Recorder of London. Is at this present at Montgomery town; [has sent to the castle and +to his much honoured cousin, John Grlyn, Esq., Recorder of London. ​
-received a satisfactory answer ; the writer and his party have been at Newton, and taken Sir Thos. Gardner, with his whole troop of horse, his cornet, and quartermaster,​ and about twenty-eight troops, the rest fled ; some sixty horse were taken, and +
-but few arms, for they had not many, and thirtysix +
-barrels of powder, intended for Chester, where +
-they want it. Sir Thomas and his force came by +
-forced marches from Oswestry to Newton, with much difficulty, on account of the foulness of the +
-roads and the breaking of the bridges by the enemy, the water being so high that they could +
-not pass through any ford. The Prince, with his beaten forces, has gone from Chester by Ruthin, +
-&c. to Bishop'​s Castle ; desires that the .sending +
-of money and arms may be hastened. 5 Sept. 1644.+
  
-(5)   +Is at this present at Montgomery town; has sent to the castle and received ​satisfactory answer ; the writer and his party have been at Newton, and taken Sir Thos. Gardnerwith his whole troop of horse, his cornet, and quartermaster, and about twenty-eight troops, the rest fled some sixty horse were taken, and 
- "​ The humble petition of Rowland Harrison of Whitby, — Sheweth —  +but few armsfor they had not many, and thirtysix barrels ​of powder, intended for Chesterwherethey want it. Sir Thomas ​and his force came by forced marches from Oswestry ​to Newtonwith much difficultyon account of the foulness ​of the roads and the breaking ​of the bridges ​by the enemy, the water being so high that they could not pass through any ford. The Prince, with his beaten forceshas gone from Chester by Ruthin, &c. to Bishop'​s Castle ; desires ​that the .sending of money and arms may be hastened. ​ 
-That your petitioner was soldier under the command of Sir Lewis  +5 Sept. 1644.
-Divis in one of the Troopes of Prince Rupert'​s Rigiment, when our Sove-  +
-reign Lord, King Charles the First, pitcht ​his standard first at Notting-  +
-ham, and was in the engagement at Worcesterand afterwards at Edge  +
-Hill ; and was at the taking ​of Banbury, and at Branford fightwhere  +
-they took five hundred prisoners ​and five peices of Ordinance ​and was  +
-at the taking of Malbury : and when they went to take Sisester your  +
-petitioner was taken prisoner on Candlemas eve, and lay in the Goal  +
-at Glosester untill the second day of May followingwhen he gott out  +
-of prison, came into their owne Troop at Abbington, and afterwards  +
-engaged with Sir Arthur Hasslerigg, whome they rooted, and then  +
-march'​d into the West and was at the taking ​of Larpool, and then  +
-came to York fight at Hessaw Moorand there was beaten by the  +
-Parliament'​s forces : after march'​d into Waleswhere they had their  +
-quarters beat up at Welchpool ; after was in the engagement in Nase-  +
-brough Feild, where your petitioner was one of the nine that escaped  +
-out of three and thirty that went out of Prince Rupert'​s Regiment :  +
-Afterwards your petitioner was kept eight weeks in prison at Esome,  +
-where hee, with seaven and twenty more, broke the prison and got  +
-away : and was in severall other engagements where they beat up their  +
-enemies'​ quarters : and yet hath hitherto lived by his labourwithout  +
-being burthensome to his Majesty or the country. But being now  +
-about seaventy years of age and growne infirm, and having a wife and  +
-family to maintaine, humbly prays some small pention for the releife of  +
-his necessities.'' ​The attestation of Sir H. Cholmeleyis affixedstating  +
-his familiarity ​with the statements made, and his belief of their truth +
-the petitioner having been personally known to him for more than  +
-thirty yearsSeveral other names of well-known Whitby men are also  +
-added, but there is no endorsement ​to show that the gallant veteran ​ +
-obtained his request+
  
-E.254.21 A Diary          15-22.8.1644 +==(5Harrison'​s petition== 
-‘There is a report that Prince Rupert lost his Beaver ​ in the late great defeat at York; He never wears a Beaver in the field but a Dutch white hat,which being to ingage himself in fight,he plucks down about his eares as low as possibly he can,and that paradventure he may loose,but he can never loose his steele Cap,for when he puts on that,he takes up his haire (which he weareth very longand throwes it quite over his Cap,and that  it might not fall downe againe,he ties it close above his Cap with a silke ribbond,so that he can never loose his Cap unless he doth loose his head with it,which he was never more like to doe then now,for wote you what.’+The humble petition of Rowland Harrison of Whitby— Sheweth — 
  
-T2169A  +That your petitioner was a soldier under the command of Sir Lewis Divis in one of the Troopes of Prince Rupert'​s Rigiment, when our Sovereign Lord, King Charles the First, pitcht his standard first at Nottingham, and was in the engagement at Worcester, and afterwards at Edge Hill ; and was at the taking of Banbury, and at Branford fight, where they took five hundred prisoners and five peices of Ordinance ; and was at the taking of Malbury : and when they went to take Sisester your petitioner was taken prisoner on Candlemas eveand lay in the Gaol at Glosester untill the second day of May following, when he gott out  
-According ​to Colonel Russell,the Earl of Derby charged ​with Prince Ruperts Lifeguard ​at the storm of Bolton,who entered ​the town next to the Forlorn Hope.+of prison, came into their owne Troop at Abbington, and afterwards engaged ​with Sir Arthur Hasslerigg, whome they rooted, and then march'​d into the West and was at the taking ​of Larpooland then came to York fight at Hessaw Moor, and there was beaten by the Parliament'​s forces : after march'​d into Wales, where they had their quarters beat up at Welchpool ; after was in the engagement in Nasebrough Feild, where your petitioner was one of the nine that escaped out of three and thirty that went out of Prince Rupert'​s Regiment : Afterwards your petitioner was kept eight weeks in prison at Esome, where hee, with seaven and twenty more, broke the prison and got away : and was in severall other engagements where they beat up their enemies'​ quarters : and yet hath hitherto lived by his labour, without being burthensome ​to his Majesty or the country. But being now about seaventy years of age and growne infirm, and having a wife and  
 +family to maintaine, humbly prays some small pention for the releife of his necessities.
  
-E.38.10 +The attestation of Sir HCholmeley is affixed, stating his familiarity with the statements made, and his belief of their truth, the petitioner having been personally known to him for more than thirty years. Several other names of well-known Whitby men are also added, but there is no endorsement to show that the gallant veteran obtained his request.  
-Prince ​Ruperts Lifeguard of Horse+ 
 + 
 +==Prince ​Rupert'​s Beaver== 
 +E.254.21 A Diary           
 +15-22.8.1644
  
-Captain ​              Sir Richard Crane  E.301.18 Captured before ​the storm of Bristol.+‘There is a report that Prince Rupert lost his Beaver in the late great defeat at York; He never wears a Beaver in the field but a Dutch white hat, which being to ingage himself in fight, he plucks down about his eares as low as possibly he can, and that paradventure he may loose, but he can never loose his steele Cap, for when he puts on that, he takes up his haire (which he weareth very long) and throwes it quite over his Cap, and that it might not fall downe againe, he ties it close above his Cap with a silke ribbond, so that he can never loose his Cap unless he doth loose his head with it, which he was never more like to doe then now, for wote you what.
  
 +==Franklin'​s Information==
 SP19.133.89 SP19.133.89
-The informacion of William Franklin against Richard Towersey,​John Robinson and Thomas Birch of ye County of Oxon whoe desires summons for his witnesses to make good the same. 
  
-First the said Richard Towersey did furnish a mare to serbe in the Kings party against the Parliament.+The informacion of William Franklin against Richard Towersey, John Robinson and Thomas Birch of ye County of Oxon whoe desires summons for his witnesses to make good the same. 
 + 
 +First the said Richard Towersey did furnish a mare to serve in the Kings party against the Parliament.
    
-That John Robinson did lend moneys for the raysing of a Troope of Horse under the Command of Capt. Gardiner in Ruperts Regiment,​and did disburse moneys for recruits of Horse for the said Troope,from time to time,as need required.+That John Robinson did lend moneys for the raysing of a Troope of Horse under the Command of Capt. Gardiner in Ruperts Regiment, and did disburse moneys for recruits of Horse for the said Troope, from time to time, as need required.
  
-That ye said Thomas Birch was in actuall Armes in the aforesaid Troope of Capt. Gardiner,​and voluntarily served therein,and furnished himselfe with horse and Armes at his own charge for that service.+That ye said Thomas Birch was in actuall Armes in the aforesaid Troope of Capt. Gardiner, and voluntarily served therein, and furnished himselfe with horse and Armes at his own charge for that service.
  
 William Franklin William Franklin
 n.d. n.d.
  
 +
 +==Dyve at Aylesbury==
 Add. Mss. 18980 f. 153 Add. Mss. 18980 f. 153
 Sir Lewis Dyves Aylesbury 28th November 1643 Sir Lewis Dyves Aylesbury 28th November 1643
  
 May it please your Highness. May it please your Highness.
-I understand from Sir Arthur Aston that it was your pleasure that both my Troope of Horse and Regiment of Foot should remayne here in thease bare and necessitous quarters,​which hath almost destroyed them boath already and which a few dayes more in this place will perfectly finish. 
-and hereby Sir I should bee infinitely greeved that a troope which hath so longe done your Highness all faithful service in your owne Regiment dhould in that manner be lost which I knopw is far from your Highness intention to have it so.I am therefore become a humble and earnest sutor to your Highness that my troope may returne backe with your owne Regiment as being a parte of it,when you shall be pleased to calle them backe to theyre owne quarters,​otherwise I shall despose of keeping them together,​theyre necessityes are so great allready,​and growing every day more and more uppon them without hope of remedy. MORE TO TYPE 
- 
- 
  
 +I understand from Sir Arthur Aston that it was your pleasure that both my Troope of Horse and Regiment of Foot should remayne here in thease bare and necessitous quarters, which hath almost destroyed them boath already and which a few dayes more in this place will perfectly finish. and hereby Sir I should bee infinitely greeved that a troope which hath so longe done your Highness all faithful service in your owne Regiment should in that manner be lost which I know is far from your Highness intention to have it so. I am therefore become a humble and earnest sutor to your Highness that my troope may returne backe with your owne Regiment as being a parte of it, when you shall be pleased to calle them backe to theyre owne quarters, otherwise I shall despose of keeping them together, theyre necessityes are so great allready, and growing every day more and more uppon them without hope of remedy. MORE TO TYPE
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
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   *May 1645: 400 men in 8 troops at Leicester((British Library Harleian Ms 911))   *May 1645: 400 men in 8 troops at Leicester((British Library Harleian Ms 911))
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 +  *[[royalist:​horse-regiments:​prince-ruperts-lifeguard|Prince Rupert’s Lifeguard of Horse]]
 +  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​prince-ruperts-lifeguard|Prince Rupert’s Lifeguard of Foot]]
 +  *[[royalist:​foot-regiments:​sir-thomas-lunsford|Prince Rupert'​s Regiment of Foot]]
 +  *[[royalist:​dragoon-regiments:​john-innes|Prince Rupert’s Regiment of Dragoons]]
 +
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 Prince Rupert'​s Regiment of Horse are re-enacted by [[http://​www.princerupertscavalry.org/​|Prince Rupert'​s Cavalry]] of the Sealed Knot.  Prince Rupert'​s Regiment of Horse are re-enacted by [[http://​www.princerupertscavalry.org/​|Prince Rupert'​s Cavalry]] of the Sealed Knot.