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royalist:horse-regiments:prince-maurice [08/07/2019 17:37]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:prince-maurice [16/11/2020 18:54] (current)
tim
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 |**Flag Colour**|Red|  |**Flag Colour**|Red|
 |**Flag Design**|Unknown|  |**Flag Design**|Unknown|
-|**Field Armies**|Oxford|+|**Field Armies**|Oxford ​1642-3| 
 +| |Maurice 1643| 
 +| |Hertford 1643| 
 +| |Maurice 1643| 
 +| |Hopton 1644| 
 +| |Oxford 1644-5|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
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 A history of the regiment by Bob Giglio is shown at the [[https://​web.archive.org/​web/​20170609182948/​http://​ecwsa.org/​|old ECWSA website via the Wayback Machine]] A history of the regiment by Bob Giglio is shown at the [[https://​web.archive.org/​web/​20170609182948/​http://​ecwsa.org/​|old ECWSA website via the Wayback Machine]]
 =====Flags===== =====Flags=====
-Symonds noted red flags for this regiment, but did not mention any designs. ​+Symonds noted red flags for this regiment, but did not mention any designs. ​ 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Prince Maurice==== ====Prince Maurice====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​prince-maurice|Prince Maurice]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​prince-maurice|Prince Maurice]]
-====Captain ​Richard Atkyns==== +==== Richard Atkyns==== 
-[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Richard_Atkyns|Richard Atkyns]] was at first a Captain in [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​lord-chandos|Lord Chandos’ Regiment of Horse]] ​ but soon transferred Prince Maurice’s Regiment He wrote a lively account of his part in the 1643 campaigns with Maurice. ​+[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Richard_Atkyns|Richard Atkyns]] was at first a Captain in [[royalist:​horse-regiments:​lord-chandos|Lord Chandos’ Regiment of Horse]] but soon transferred Prince Maurice’s RegimentHe wrote a lively account of his part in the 1643 campaigns with Maurice, in whose regiment he served as Captain then Major, but left after the storm of Bristol
  
-Prince Maurices'​ regiment of Horse+====Officer Lists====
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​       Derby Omul Bryan  (7) +  *Colonel Prince Maurice 
-Lieutenant Colonel ​        ​Guy Molesworth ​     (4)+  *Lieutenant Colonel Derby Omul Bryan (7) (captured in Sussex 1644
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Guy Molesworth (4
 +  *Sargeant Major Richard Atkyns (5) (replacing Sheldon) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Thomas Sheldon (5) (k by explosion after Lansdown 1643) 
 +  *Sargeant Major Robert Legge (4) (replacing Atkyns)
  
-Sargeant Major                ​Richard Atkyns ​      ​(5) +  *Captain ​Richard Atkyns (5) 
-Sargeant Major                Thomas Sheldon ​   ​(5)  +  ​*Captain Buck (5) 
-Sargeant Major                ​Robert ​Legge           (4)+  ​*Captain James Eliott (4)  + Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain William Ford I.O. L + W 
 +  *Captain John Freake (4) + Ment. I.O.  
 +  *Captain John Hanmer (5) (k. Little Dean 1643) 
 +  *Captain Wooley Leigh (4) (com Feb 1643, d. Oxford 1644) 
 +  *Captain ​Robert ​Molesworth (3) 
 +  *Captain Roger Renekers Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Thomas Roberts I.O. L + W 
 +  *Captain John Salisbury I.O. Denbigh. 
 +  *Captain W. Sheldon ​(4) + Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Robert Snead Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain James Zouch (6) (com Nov 1642)
  
-Captain Lieutenant ​        ​Hugh Williams ​        ​(4) +  *Captain Lieutenant Hugh Williams (4)  
 +  *Lieutenant William Arscott I.O. L + W 
 +  *Lieutenant Richard Elliott I.O. L + W to Capt. Elliott ​  
 +  *Lieutenant George Guise I.O. Glocs. To Capt. W.Sheldon  
 +  *Lieutenant William Horton I.O. Glocs. To Capt. Freake 
 +  *Lieutenant Roger Jones (5) to Capt. Hanmer  
 +  *Lieutenant Robert Morse I.O. Glocs. 
 +  *Lieutenant Thomas Sandys (5) to Capt. Atkyns
  
-Captain ​                           Richard Atkyns ​       ​(5+  *Cornet Roger Gardiner ​(1to Prince Maurice 
-Captain ​                                      ​Buck ​              (5) +  ​*Cornet William Grills I.O. Cornwall 
-Captain ​                           James Eliott ​            ​(4) ​ + Ment. I.O. +  *Cornet Holmes ​(5) to Capt. Atkyns 
-Captain ​                           ​William ​Ford             I.O. L + W +  ​*Cornet Henry Lyon I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Renekers ​ 
-Captain ​                           ​John Freake ​            (4) + Ment. I.O.  +  ​*Cornet ​William ​Mason I.O. Warks. To Capt. Freake ​ 
-Captain ​                           John Hanmer ​          ​(5) ​   +  ​*Cornet ​John Sheldon ​I.O. Worcsto CaptWSheldon 
-Captain ​                           Wooley Leigh           (4)  +  ​*Cornet Wellsborne Sill I.O. L + W to Capt. W. Sheldon 
-Captain ​                           Robert Molesworth (3) +  *Cornet Stephen Smith I.O. L + W to CaptSnead  
-Captain ​                           Roger Renekers ​      MentI.O+  ​*Cornet Washnage (5) (k by explosion after Lansdown 1643)
-Captain ​                           Thomas Roberts ​     ​I.O. L + W +
-Captain ​                           John Salisbury ​        I.O. Denbigh. +
-Captain ​                           ​W.       ​Sheldon ​       (4) + Ment. I.O. +
-Captain ​                           Robert Snead           Ment. I.O+
-Captain ​                           James Zouch          ​(6)+
  
-Lieutenant ​                      ​William Arscott ​       ​I.O. L + W +  *Quartermaster Edward Hebden ​I.O. Yorks. ​ 
-Lieutenant ​                      ​Richard Elliott ​         I.O. L + W to Capt. Elliott ​  +  ​*Quartermaster William Hickes (2) 
-Lieutenant ​                      George ​Guise           I.O. Glocs. To Capt. W.Sheldon ​ +  ​*Quartermaster ​George ​Nation ​I.O. Cornwall 
-Lieutenant ​                      ​William Horton ​        I.O. Glocs. To Capt. Freake +  ​*Quartermaster John Watts I.O. L + W to the Lifeguard
-Lieutenant ​                      Roger Jones             ​(5) ​to Capt. Hanmer  +
-Lieutenant ​                      ​Robert Morse           I.O. Glocs. +
-Lieutenant ​                      ​Thomas Sandys ​      (5) to Capt. Atkyns+
  
-Cornet ​                             Roger Gardiner ​      (1) to Prince Maurice +=====Contemporary References===== 
-Cornet ​                             William Grills ​          I.O. Cornwall +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642
-Cornet ​                                           Holmes ​      (5) to Capt. Atkyns +
-Cornet ​                             Henry Lyon              I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Renekers  +
-Cornet ​                             William Mason         I.O. Warks. To Capt. Freake  +
-Cornet ​                            John Sheldon ​          I.O. Worcs. to Capt. W. Sheldon +
-Cornet ​                            ​Wellsborne Sill         I.O. L + W to Capt. W. Sheldon +
-Cornet ​                            ​Stephen Smith          I.O. L + W to Capt. Snead  +
-Cornet ​                                       Washnage ​     (5)+
  
-Quartermaster ​               Edward Hebden ​      I.O. Yorks. ​ 
-Quartermaster ​               William Hickes ​        (2) 
-Quartermaster ​               George Nation ​         I.O. Cornwall 
-Quartermaster ​               John Watts               I.O. L + W to the Lifeguard 
  
-(1) Add.Mss 23114 f.61 Pr.Maurices own Cornet.His petition 28.9.1660+(1) Add.Mss 23114 f.61 Pr. Maurices own Cornet. His petition 28.9.1660
  
-(2)SP.19.116.105+ 
 +(2) SP.19.116.105
 Information of Richard Beeston that William Hickes was a Quartermaster under Prince Maurice at Ripple Field. Information of Richard Beeston that William Hickes was a Quartermaster under Prince Maurice at Ripple Field.
  
-(2) The Peerage of Ireland 1789 John Lodge + 
-Robert Molesworth,​younger brother of Guy,served under him as Captain throught the Civil War.+(2) The Peerage of Ireland 1789 John Lodge 
 +Robert Molesworth, younger brother of Guy, served under him as Captain throught the Civil War. 
  
 (4) Harl. Mss.986 f.83 (4) Harl. Mss.986 f.83
 Prince Maurice 7 Colours red 300 Prince Maurice 7 Colours red 300
-Lt. Col. Molsworth +  *Lt. Col. Molsworth 
-Maj. Rob. Legg +  *Maj. Rob. Legg 
-Capt. Woolley Lee died in Oxford 1644 +  *Capt. Woolley Lee died in Oxford 1644 
-Capt. Sheldon +  *Capt. Sheldon 
-Capt. James Eliott +  *Capt. James Eliott 
-Capt. John Freake +  *Capt. John Freake 
-Capt. Lt. Hugh Williams+  *Capt. Lt. Hugh Williams 
  
 Harl.Mss.6852 f.2 Harl.Mss.6852 f.2
-Commission for Wooley Leigh for 1 Troop of Horse,​Prince Maurices Regiment 7.2.1642/3+Commission for Wooley Leigh for 1 Troop of Horse, Prince Maurices Regiment 7.2.1642/3
  
  
-(5) The vindication of Richard Atkyns 1669   +(5) The vindication of Richard Atkyns 1669  ​(Extracts) 
-Captain Hanmer was killed at Little Deane in a desperate charge.Sargeant Major Sheldon and Captain Atkyns also took part. + 
-Sargeant Major Sheldon and Cornet Washnage mortally wounded by the explosion after the battle of Lansdown.Prince Maurice called Atkyns to him and promoted him to Sargeant Major in Sheldons ​place and also Adjutant General. +Captain Hanmer was killed at Little Deane in a desperate charge. Sargeant Major Sheldon and Captain Atkyns also took part. Sargeant Major Sheldon and Cornet Washnage mortally wounded by the explosion after the battle of Lansdown. Prince Maurice called Atkyns to him and promoted him to Sargeant Major in Sheldon'​s ​place and also Adjutant General. Captain Buck was a gentleman of Atkyns Troop when Atkyns was Sargeant Major. After Bristol was taken Atkyns was replaced as Sargeant Major (probably by Robert Legge) and he gave up his troop. 
-Captain Buck was a gentleman of Atkyns Troop when Atkyns was Sargeant Major.After Bristol was taken Atkyns was replaced as Sargeant Major (probably by Robert Legge) and he gave up his troop.+
  
 To Sir Thomas Hanmer To Sir Thomas Hanmer
-I received your letters & returne you thanks for your furst messenger.Sorry I am that I cannot fortfie your expectation with the sight of the Troope under your owne command,but since it is committed by Prince Rupert to the care of Maior Power.I am confident that they will not be indulged soe much fovour ​as to be sent into theire owne country untill the warr be ended,or the Troope dissolved.Had I bin with my Captaine when he was employed upon his last service,I should,I believe,​have knowne where was the money and how much he had,but uppon enquiry I found it was lost.......being in gold and in his pocket for the money which I disbursd at his last solemnity the sum of which I sent you before with the Quartermaster & will show his hands subscribed as witnesses being 43L 4sh 7d,I cannot find how to have it returned by bill of exchange.So that I have sent my servant to you & will runn the hazard of loosing it in the passage with him if you please to send it by him you will soe much the more oblige me.+ 
 +I received your letters & returne you thanks for your furst messenger. Sorry I am that I cannot fortfie your expectation with the sight of the Troope under your owne command, but since it is committed by Prince Rupert to the care of Maior Power. I am confident that they will not be indulged soe much favour ​as to be sent into theire owne country untill the warr be ended, or the Troope dissolved. Had I bin with my Captaine when he was employed upon his last service, I should, I believe, have knowne where was the money and how much he had, but uppon enquiry I found it was lost....... being in gold and in his pocket for the money which I disbursd at his last solemnity the sum of which I sent you before with the Quartermaster & will show his hands subscribed as witnesses being 43L 4sh 7d, I cannot find how to have it returned by bill of exchange. So that I have sent my servant to you & will runn the hazard of loosing it in the passage with him if you please to send it by him you will soe much the more oblige me. 
 Yours in all further service Yours in all further service
 Roger Jones Roger Jones
Line 170: Line 185:
 Sir John Hanmer Sir John Hanmer
 Sons Sons
 +
 1. Sir Thomas Hanmer 1. Sir Thomas Hanmer
-2. John Hanmer Capt. of horse in the service of his Majestie King Charles the first.Slayn at Little Deane in Glocs. in a fight against Sir William Waller 
  
-Richard Atkins states one Captain Hanmer bein better horst than myself,in persuite,​fell upon their Ambuscade and was killed Horse and Man.+2. John Hanmer Capt. of horse in the service of his Majestie King Charles the first. Slayn at Little Deane in Glocs. in a fight against Sir William Waller 
 + 
 +Richard Atkins states one Captain Hanmer bein better horst than myself, in persuite, fell upon their Ambuscade and was killed Horse and Man. 
 + 
 +Bettisfield Mss. 468 
 + 
 +Commissioned 8.8.1642 ​ at York 1 Company of Foot in Regiment of Bourke Lord Paget. 
 + 
 +He later fought at Edgehill under Colonel Bolles who commanded the Regiment . 
 + 
 +After transferred as a Captain of Horse in Prince Maurices Regiment and killed at Littledean April 1643. 
 + 
 +His Lieutenant of Horse, Roger Jones wrote to Sir Thomas Hanmer, his father returning all John Hanmers money 7th June 1643. 
  
 (6) Harl.Mss.6852 f.1 (6) Harl.Mss.6852 f.1
  
-Commission to James Zouch for 1 Troop of Horse,​Prince Maurices Regiment. 14.11.1642+Commission to James Zouch for 1 Troop of Horse, Prince Maurices Regiment. 14.11.1642
  
 Later went on to become Colonel of 500 horse and died in Reading of a great cold after the 1st Battle of Newbury. Later went on to become Colonel of 500 horse and died in Reading of a great cold after the 1st Battle of Newbury.
 +
  
 (7) E.44.17 The Kingdoms Weekly Intelligencer 25th April-1st May 1644 (7) E.44.17 The Kingdoms Weekly Intelligencer 25th April-1st May 1644
  
-Brought before the House a Lieutenant Colonel Derby Omul Bryan,Irish Papist and Lt. Col. of Horse in Prince Maurices Regiment,​captured in Sussex having left the service and was tyring ​to get to Flaunders.+Brought before the House a Lieutenant Colonel Derby Omul Bryan, Irish Papist and Lt. Col. of Horse in Prince Maurices Regiment, captured in Sussex having left the service and was trying ​to get to Flaunders.
  
  
 North Aston Oxfordshire Parish Register North Aston Oxfordshire Parish Register
 +
 27.11.1644 Buried Thomas Cheney a Trooper in Prince Maurice his Regiment drowned at Enslow bridge. 27.11.1644 Buried Thomas Cheney a Trooper in Prince Maurice his Regiment drowned at Enslow bridge.
 +
  
 SP29.1.96 State Papers undated May 1660 SP29.1.96 State Papers undated May 1660
 +
 To the Kings most exellent Majestie To the Kings most exellent Majestie
 The humble petition of Edward Carter gent The humble petition of Edward Carter gent
 +
 Humbly sheweth that your petitioner till the rendition of Oxford faithfully served your Majesties Royall father of blessed memory in the late unhappy warrs riding as a reformado in the Regiment of Prince Maurice maintayninge himselfe and his man at his own charge. Humbly sheweth that your petitioner till the rendition of Oxford faithfully served your Majesties Royall father of blessed memory in the late unhappy warrs riding as a reformado in the Regiment of Prince Maurice maintayninge himselfe and his man at his own charge.
 That the petitioner hath been a great sufferer by ye Committee of Buckinghamshire not dareing openly to appeare and follow his vocation but privately to act for his livelihood That the petitioner hath been a great sufferer by ye Committee of Buckinghamshire not dareing openly to appeare and follow his vocation but privately to act for his livelihood
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *October 1642: 4 troops at Edgehill   *October 1642: 4 troops at Edgehill