Prince Maurice’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642-46
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelPrince Maurice
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-3
Maurice 1643
Hertford 1643
Maurice 1643
Hopton 1644
Oxford 1644-5

Royalist regiment of horse commanded by Prince Maurice, younger brother of Prince Rupert

Service History

1642

  • September: Battle of Powick Bridge
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • December: Quartered at Faringdon

1643

  • January: Standoff at Cirencester
  • February: Storm of Cirencester
  • April: Taking of Evesham
  • April: Skirmish at Little Dean
  • April: Skirmish at Upton Bridge
  • April: Battle of Ripple Field
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • June: Skirmish at Chewton Mendip
  • June: Skirmish at Glastonbury and Somerton
  • July: Skirmish at Bradford on Avon
  • July: Battle of Lansdown
  • July: Battle of Roundway Down
  • July: Storm of Bristol
  • August: Skirmish at Torrington?
  • August: Taking of Appledore?
  • September: Siege of Barnstaple
  • September: Siege of Exeter
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • October to December: Siege of Plymouth

1644

  • March: Battle of Cheriton (under Maj. Robert Legge)
  • April to June: Siege of Lyme Regis?
  • June: Battle of Tipton Green
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington

1645

  • January: Repulsed from Abingdon?
  • February: Relief of Chester
  • April: Skirmish at Sherborne Field?
  • April: Relief of Beeston Castle
  • May: Siege of Hawkesley House?
  • May: Stormed at Evesham (det)
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • July: Skirmish at Alcester?
  • August: Storm of Huntingdon
  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath

1646

  • January: Skirmish at Tutbury
  • March: Battle of Stow on the Wold

Notes

A history of the regiment by Bob Giglio is shown at the old ECWSA website via the Wayback Machine

Flags

Symonds noted 7 red flags for this regiment, but did not mention any designs.

Notable Officers

Prince Maurice

Richard Atkyns

Richard Atkyns was at first a Captain in Lord Chandos’ Regiment of Horse but soon transferred Prince Maurice’s Regiment. He wrote a lively account of his part in the 1643 campaigns with Maurice, in whose regiment he served as Captain then Major, but left after the storm of Bristol.

Officer Lists

  • Colonel Prince Maurice
  • Lieutenant Colonel Derby Omul Bryan (7) (captured in Sussex 1644)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Guy Molesworth (4)
  • Sargeant Major Richard Atkyns (5) (replacing Sheldon)
  • Sargeant Major Thomas Sheldon (5) (k by explosion after Lansdown 1643)
  • Sargeant Major Robert Legge (4) (replacing Atkyns)
  • Captain Richard Atkyns (5)
  • Captain Buck (5)
  • Captain James Eliott (4) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain William Ford I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Freake (4) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain John Hanmer (5) (k. Little Dean 1643)
  • Captain Wooley Leigh (4) (com Feb 1643, d. Oxford 1644)
  • Captain Robert Molesworth (3)
  • Captain Roger Renekers Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Thomas Roberts I.O. L + W
  • Captain John Salisbury I.O. Denbigh.
  • Captain W. Sheldon (4) + Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Robert Snead Ment. I.O.
  • Captain James Zouch (6) (com Nov 1642)
  • Captain Lieutenant Hugh Williams (4)
  • Lieutenant William Arscott I.O. L + W
  • Lieutenant Richard Elliott I.O. L + W to Capt. Elliott
  • Lieutenant George Guise I.O. Glocs. To Capt. W.Sheldon
  • Lieutenant William Horton I.O. Glocs. To Capt. Freake
  • Lieutenant Roger Jones (5) to Capt. Hanmer
  • Lieutenant Robert Morse I.O. Glocs.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Sandys (5) to Capt. Atkyns
  • Cornet Roger Gardiner (1) to Prince Maurice
  • Cornet William Grills I.O. Cornwall
  • Cornet Holmes (5) to Capt. Atkyns
  • Cornet Henry Lyon I.O. Lancs. to Capt. Renekers
  • Cornet William Mason I.O. Warks. To Capt. Freake
  • Cornet John Sheldon I.O. Worcs. to Capt. W. Sheldon
  • Cornet Wellsborne Sill I.O. L + W to Capt. W. Sheldon
  • Cornet Stephen Smith I.O. L + W to Capt. Snead
  • Cornet Washnage (5) (k by explosion after Lansdown 1643)
  • Quartermaster Edward Hebden I.O. Yorks.
  • Quartermaster William Hickes (2)
  • Quartermaster George Nation I.O. Cornwall
  • Quartermaster John Watts I.O. L + W to the Lifeguard

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Add.Mss 23114 f.61 Pr. Maurices own Cornet. His petition 28.9.1660

(2) SP.19.116.105 Information of Richard Beeston that William Hickes was a Quartermaster under Prince Maurice at Ripple Field.

(2) The Peerage of Ireland 1789 John Lodge Robert Molesworth, younger brother of Guy, served under him as Captain throught the Civil War.

(4) Harl. Mss.986 f.83 Prince Maurice 7 Colours red 300

  • Lt. Col. Molsworth
  • Maj. Rob. Legg
  • Capt. Woolley Lee died in Oxford 1644
  • Capt. Sheldon
  • Capt. James Eliott
  • Capt. John Freake
  • Capt. Lt. Hugh Williams

Harl.Mss.6852 f.2 Commission for Wooley Leigh for 1 Troop of Horse, Prince Maurices Regiment 7.2.1642/3

(5) The vindication of Richard Atkyns 1669 (Extracts)

Captain Hanmer was killed at Little Deane in a desperate charge. Sargeant Major Sheldon and Captain Atkyns also took part. Sargeant Major Sheldon and Cornet Washnage mortally wounded by the explosion after the battle of Lansdown. Prince Maurice called Atkyns to him and promoted him to Sargeant Major in Sheldon's place and also Adjutant General. Captain Buck was a gentleman of Atkyns Troop when Atkyns was Sargeant Major. After Bristol was taken Atkyns was replaced as Sargeant Major (probably by Robert Legge) and he gave up his troop.

To Sir Thomas Hanmer

I received your letters & returne you thanks for your furst messenger. Sorry I am that I cannot fortfie your expectation with the sight of the Troope under your owne command, but since it is committed by Prince Rupert to the care of Maior Power. I am confident that they will not be indulged soe much favour as to be sent into theire owne country untill the warr be ended, or the Troope dissolved. Had I bin with my Captaine when he was employed upon his last service, I should, I believe, have knowne where was the money and how much he had, but uppon enquiry I found it was lost……. being in gold and in his pocket for the money which I disbursd at his last solemnity the sum of which I sent you before with the Quartermaster & will show his hands subscribed as witnesses being 43L 4sh 7d, I cannot find how to have it returned by bill of exchange. So that I have sent my servant to you & will runn the hazard of loosing it in the passage with him if you please to send it by him you will soe much the more oblige me.

Yours in all further service Roger Jones June 7th 1643

On the reverse Sir Thomas Hanmers note. Lt. Jones letter to mee to pay ye money to his man

Re above.

Visitation of Flintshire 1670 Sir John Hanmer Sons

1. Sir Thomas Hanmer

2. John Hanmer Capt. of horse in the service of his Majestie King Charles the first. Slayn at Little Deane in Glocs. in a fight against Sir William Waller

Richard Atkins states one Captain Hanmer bein better horst than myself,in persuite, fell upon their Ambuscade and was killed Horse and Man.

(6) Harl.Mss.6852 f.1

Commission to James Zouch for 1 Troop of Horse, Prince Maurices Regiment. 14.11.1642

Later went on to become Colonel of 500 horse and died in Reading of a great cold after the 1st Battle of Newbury.

(7) E.44.17 The Kingdoms Weekly Intelligencer 25th April-1st May 1644

Brought before the House a Lieutenant Colonel Derby Omul Bryan, Irish Papist and Lt. Col. of Horse in Prince Maurices Regiment, captured in Sussex having left the service and was trying to get to Flaunders.

North Aston Oxfordshire Parish Register

27.11.1644 Buried Thomas Cheney a Trooper in Prince Maurice his Regiment drowned at Enslow bridge.

SP29.1.96 State Papers undated May 1660

To the Kings most exellent Majestie The humble petition of Edward Carter gent

Humbly sheweth that your petitioner till the rendition of Oxford faithfully served your Majesties Royall father of blessed memory in the late unhappy warrs riding as a reformado in the Regiment of Prince Maurice maintayninge himselfe and his man at his own charge. That the petitioner hath been a great sufferer by ye Committee of Buckinghamshire not dareing openly to appeare and follow his vocation but privately to act for his livelihood

Strength

  • October 1642: 4 troops at Edgehill
  • March 1644: At least 300 men in 7 troops at Cheriton
  • May 1645: 150 horse at Leicester1)

See Also

1) British Library Harleian Ms 911