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Lord Percy’s (Oxford) Regiment of Horse

Active1643-1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Percy
Sir Arthur Slingsby
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed
Flag Design
Field ArmiesOxford 1643-4
Goring 1645

Later Sir Arthur Slingsby's Regiment of Horse

Royalist Regiment of Horse serving with the Oxford Army

Service History

1643

  • June: Skirmish at Chinnor
  • June: Battle of Chalgrove Field
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • June: Battle of Tipton Green
  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • July: Skirmish at Colyton
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • Percy replaced by Slingsby
  • October: First Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington

1645

  • June: Battle of Ilminster
  • June: Battle of Langport

1646

  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March: Surrender at Truro

Notes

Lord Percy was relieved of command at Lostwithiel due to his close association with Lord Wilmot, who was accused of Treason. He later appears to have raised another regiment in the West, Lord Percy’s (Western) Regiment of Horse.

Flags

Symonds noted the regiment carried seven red cornets in April 1644.

Notable Officers

Lord Percy

Henry Percy, Lord Percy of Alnwick (d. 1659) was younger brother of Algernon, Earl of Northumberland.

Sir Arthur Slingsby

Marmaduke Holtby

Marmaduke Holtby appears to have been Lt Col of the regiment in November 1643 (Rawl. Mss. D 395 f.193/4 24.11.1643) 1). In December 1643 a Captain John Messenger was commissioned by Prince Rupert as a captain of cuirassiers in Holtby's regiment (see below). I know of no further mention of Holtby's regiment so perhaps he failed to raise it. A 'Col. Holtby' was said by a Parliamentary report to have fled by boat from a skirmish at Lancaut in the Forest of Dean in February 1645, uncertain whether the same Holtby.

Contemporary Documents

Messenger's Commission

Captaine John Messenger, Captaine of Cuirassiers

'By the authority and power given mee from o[u]r Soveraigne Lord King Charles under the great Seale of England as Generall under his Ma[jes]tie of all his Ma[jes]tes Horse, as well Troopes of Horse and Cuirasiers as Dragoones and Carabyyners, and of all and manner of Horse fforces already raysed or w[hi]ch hereafter shall be raysed for his Ma[jes]tes service w[i]thin his Kingdome of England and Dominion of Wales I doe constitute and ordaine you to be Captaine of one Troope of Cuirasiers under the Regiment of Col[onel] Marmaduke Holtby Colo[nel] of Horse w[hi]ch Troope you are presently to imprest, leavy, raise and retaine in any part of his Ma[jes]tes Kingdome of England & Dominion of Wales of such as will willingly and voluntarily serve for his Ma[jes]tes pay ffor the Defence of the true Protestant Religion, his Ma[jes]tes Person, the two howses of Parliam[en]t & their iust priviledges, and the libertyes & propertes of his Subiects, And them soo raysed, and leavied to bring w[i]th all speed to his Ma[jes]tes Standard Royall, and the said Regim[en]t where soever. Willing and requiring all inferior Officers and Souldiers of the said Troope to obey you as their Captaine for his Ma[jes]tes service according to this Commiss[ion] hereby given unto you. And you your selfe likewise to observe follow and execute such orders & directions as you shall from tyme to tyme receive from My Selfe, yo[ur] Colonell, and all others the superiour Officers of the said Regim[en]t and his Ma[jes]tes Army, to whom of right you are and may be subordinate according to the Discipline of Warre. Given under My hand and Seale at Armes the Thirteenth Day of December In the Nyneteenth yeare of the Reigne of o[u]r Soveraigne Lord Charles by the grace of God of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King Defender of the ffaith &c Rupert'

Strength

See Also

1) Information kindly provided by Victor Judge aka BCW user '1642'