Lord Molyneux’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642-
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Molyneux
Area RaisedLancashire
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesDerby 1642-3
Byron 1644

Raised as part of the Earl of Derby’s forces in Lancashire, they later served as part of Lord Byron's forces based at Chester

Service History

1642

  • September: Siege of Manchester

1643

  • July to September: Siege of Brampton Bryan
  • October: Skirmish at Chipping Campden
  • December: Storm of Crewe Hall

1644

  • January: Skirmish at Newcastle under Lyme?
  • January: Siege of Nantwich
  • January: Battle of Nantwich
  • May: Storm of Stockport
  • May: Storm of Bolton
  • June: Siege of Liverpool
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • August: Battle of Ormskirk
  • September: Battle of Montgomery?

Notes

Lord Molyneux made his way south by 1645 and was given command of Prince Maurice’s Lifeguard of Horse, perhaps incorporating remnants of his own regiment.

Flags & Equipment

According to Blount: The Lord Mollineux figured a Sun obscured by a Cressant, the word from the Sun was, QUID SI REPULSERO? from the Cressant (which darted its horns (as they call those of a new Moon) to obscure the Sun) VAE CORNBUS MEIS. By the Sun surely was meant the King, and by the corniferous Cressant the Earle of Essex1).

Lieutenant Colonel Caryll Molyneux's cornet featured a stag's head supported by five hands and the motto AD QUID EXALTATIS CORNU, translated as to what do you exalt this horn?. The motto alludes to the Earl of Essex's cuckolding and perhaps the Five Members. The colour of the flag was not recorded2).

Notable Officers

Lord Molyneux

Richard, Second Viscount Molyneux of Maryborough a Lancashire Catholic, his military biography is available online at Lord Molyneux's.

Lt Col Caryll Molyneux

Caryll Molynuex was the younger brother of Lord Molyneux, succeeding him as Viscount in 1654.

Strength

See Also

1) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
2) The English Emblem Tradition, Vol 3 Emblematic flag devices of the English Civil Wars 1642-1660. Alan R. Young, Toronto 1995, ISBN 0-8020-5739-X