Lord Inchiquin’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration 1)
Active1642-1649
CountryIreland
AllegianceProtestant
Royalist
Parliament
Royalist
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
First Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Inchiquin
Area RaisedMunster
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesInchiquin 1642-3

Also known as the Lord President of Munster's Regiment of Horse

Regiment of horse raised in England for service in Ireland, shipped to England in late 1643 and fought for the Royalists, then returned to Ireland

Service History

1642

  • Raised in England for service in Ireland
  • March: Arrive in Munster2)
  • April: Taking of Rochfordtown?
  • April: Besieged in Cork?
  • September: Battle of Liscarroll
  • November: Skirmish at Bandonbridge?

1643

  • November: Shipped to Bristol under Capt Bridges3)
  • Based at Chepstow?

1644

  • January: Captured at Chepstow?
  • Inchiquin defects to Parliament
  • Shipped back to Munster by Parliament?

1645

  • May: Siege of Castlemartyr?

1646

1647

  • September: Storm of the Rock of Cashel?
  • November: Battle of Knocknanuss?

1648

  • February: Take Carrick on Suir?
  • April: Inchiquin changes sides back to the Royalists

1649

  • May: Taking of Leix Castle?
  • July: Taking of Drogheda
  • July: Siege of Dundalk
  • July: Storm of Crossmaglen
  • November: Battle of Glascarrick

Notes

Captain Bridges (perhaps Inchiquin's Captain-Lieutenant?) seems to have led part of the troop at Liscarroll.

Victor Judge (aka 1642) writes on the regiment in England:

One of the most obscure units according to my research. They are mentioned as being shipped over in November 1643 and appear to have then moved to Chepstow as their base. It is stated that Massie captured Inchiquin's Regiment of Horse and the only action that I can find so far that matches this time frame is the following.

On the 23/24th January 1643/4 Massie assaulted Chepstow in a daring raid and there was killed a Captain Carvine in his chamber and captured Sir Henry Talbot 3 Captains, 3 Lieutenants, 3 Irish reformadoes, Sargeant Major Moor, Captain Rock, Captain Barrey, Captain Seabrook together with 60 common soldiers.

Chepstow Parish Record

20th Jan 1643/4 Captain Carvine was buried (killed in his Chamber the George Inn, Chepstow by troops from Gloucester)

The dates are slightly out.

To somewhat contradict this I have found mention that this Regiment was being raised by Lord Herbert and was to be commanded by Colonel O'Neale.

Flags & Equipment

Inchiquin's cavalry cornet for his campaign in Ireland in 1642 is shown in the Index Emblematicus (no44): gules fringed or and sable, a red cross in a white canton, gold harp, motto at bottom Concordes resonem da deus alme sonos, sources Add MS 5247 fols 119b-120b (1-7); Blount 1655, sig N1b. See Illustration 1 above. Inchiquin's whole regiment of 9 troops of horse had cornets of a similar design with different numbers of harps for each troop. 1st: red field, gold harp, cross of St George in the canton. 2nd: no canton, but a “yellow pile wavy” towards the harp. 3rd: red field, gold harp alone. 4th: 2 harps. 5th: three harps etc.

Notable Officers

Lord Inchiquin

Murrough McDermod O'Brien, 1st Earl of Inchiquin and 6th Baron Inchiquin (1614–1674), also known as Murchadh na dTóiteán, “Murrough of the Burnings”.

Officer Lists

July 1646

  • Lord President Inchiquin
  • Major Peregrin Banestre (Later Colonel of Foot)
  • Captain Sir William Courtney (Also served as Quarter Master General)
  • Captain William Brian
  • Captain Henry Peislie
  • Captain Ed Sewell (or Shuell)
  • Captain Agmondisham Muschamp (Also served as Lieutenant of the Ordnance)
  • Captain Gethinge

August 1647

  • Lord President Inchiquin
  • Major Edward Doyly (Came to Ireland in February 1647 as a Captain in Algernon Sidney's regiment)4)
  • Captain Sir William Courtney
  • Captain [William] Brian
  • Captain [Henry] Peislie
  • Captain [Ed] Shuell
  • Captain [Agmondisham] Muschamp
  • Captain Gethinge
  • Captain Love (had been a captain since at least October 1646)
  • Captain Cope

1649

  • [Lieutenant] Colonel Clayton
  • Major Peasely

Strength

  • 1642: 100 men
  • November 1643: 300 men shipped to Bristol
  • January 1646: Lord President's and Lord Broghill’s regiments, in all 120 officers and 748 men5).
  • July 1646: 391 troopers
  • August 1647: 368 troopers & 72 unmounted

See Also

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) , 3) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press
4) CSPI 1647-60 p18
5) CSPI 1633-47 p433