Lord Eythin’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceRoyalist
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Eythin
Area RaisedNorth
Flag Colourblack?
Flag Designsee below
Field ArmiesNewcastle 1643-4

Royalist regiment of horse serving as part of the Marquis of Newcastle’s army during the First Civil War.

Service History

1643

  • February: Skirmish at Yarm Bridge?
  • May: Stormed at Wakefield?
  • June: Battle of Adwalton Moor
  • October: Battle of Winceby

1644

  • March: Battle of Bolden Hill
  • March: Battle of Hylton
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor

Notes

Also included a Lifeguard troop under Captain Sir William Rollock (Rollo).

Flags & Equipment

Capt Dalziel's cornet was black, showing a naked man hanging from a gibbet and the motto I DARE.

Notable Officers

James King, Lord Eythin

James King, Lord Eythin, ennobled in 1643, served as Lieutenant General to the Marquis of Newcastle. King was a Scot and included several Scots officers in his regiments of horse and foot.

Capt Frances Dalziel/Dalyell/Dalzell

From Scotland, she was allegedly the illegitimate daughter of the Earl of Carnwath and led her troop on Montrose's brief campaign to Dumfries in April 1644. Mark Napier in his Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose1) speculates that she may have been the author of an anonymous account of the Earl of Newcastle (p.403). A Frances Dalyell (alias Mrs Pierson) is reported as being a captain in Lord Eythin's Regiment of Horse in March 1644 prior to the Battle of Bolden Hill, with a black cornet bearing the motto I DARE. She appears in Indigent Officers quoted in Reid's Cavalier Army Lists 2) listed as serving in Lord Eythin’s Regiment of Horse. It seems that her troop joined Lord Eythin's horse before the fight at Bolden Hill in March 1644 then accompanied Montrose in his expedition, perhaps as part of or attached to the Earl of Crawford’s Regiment of Horse.

Officer Lists

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

Colonel James King's Lifeguard of Horse
  • Captain Sir William Rollock (or Rollo, he transferred to accept a Major's Commission under the Marquess of Montrose.)
Colonel James King's Regiment of Horse
  • Colonel James King, Lord Eythin
  • Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton (2)
  • Sargeant Major Edward Gower (1) + ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Claudius Hamilton Ment. I.O.
  • Sargeant Major Sir Robert Carre (2) + ment. I.O.
  • Captain Arthur Cayley Ment. I.O. (knighted in 1660 and appears in I.O. as Sir Arthur Cayley)
  • Captain Richard Cole Ment. I.O.
  • Captain George Cooke Ment. I.O.
  • Captain Frances Dalzell/Dalyell/Dalziel (2) & (3)
  • Captain Sackville Glenham Ment. I.O.
  • Captain James Hume I.O. L & W
  • Captain Lyndsey Ment. I.O.
  • Captain James Mountain I.O. Yorks.
  • Captain Ord Ment. I.O.
  • Captain James Richardson I.O. Northumb.
  • Lieutenant Thomas Vasey I.O. Durham to Maj. Gower
  • Lieutenant Thomas Wade I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Mountain
  • Lieutenant Christopher Wake I.O. L & W to Capt. Ord
  • Cornet William Fairely I.O. L & W to Maj. Carre
  • Cornet Stephen Pease I.O. Durham to Capt. Cole
  • Cornet Ralph Royston I.O. Derby. to Capt. Glenham
  • Cornet Edward Stafford I.O. Yorks. to Maj. Gower
  • Cornet Patrick Thompson I.O. L & W to Maj. Carre
  • Cornet Robert Urwin I.O. Northumb. to Maj. Hamilton
  • Quartermaster George Harland I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Glenham
  • Quartermaster Peter Holland I.O. Yorks. to Maj. Gower
  • Quartermaster Christopher Medd I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Mountain
  • Quartermaster Thomas Murton I.O. Northumb. to Capt. Cooke
  • Quartermaster Thomas Ramsden I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Glenham
  • Quartermaster Thomas Wake I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Ord
  • Quartermaster Marmaduke West I.O. Yorks. to Arthur Cayley
  • Commissary Thomas Packington I.O. Yorks. to Capt. Lyndsey

Contemporary References

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

(1) Major Gower

SP23.203.759 Delinquency of Edward Gower of Hutton and Stittenham,County Yorkshire To the Committee of Sequestreations at Goldsmiths Hall Gentlemen,

In pursuance of your order 22.7 which we receaved 3. following, we certifie that Mr Edward Gower upon the Earl of Newcastle first took up armes against the Parliament, did joyne with him and was Major of a Regiment of horse under him and continued in actuall warre against the Parliament until the reducing of Newarke.

W. Disney, Edm. Ellis, Tho. Copledike, Tho. Lister, Wm. Fisher, Jo. Disney. Lincoln 6.8.1646

SP23.203.751 George Mountayne of Westow in the County of Yorke Gent. maketh oath that Edward Gower of Stitnam in the said County Gent. was in Newarke at the surrender thereof and comprised within the Articles made upon the said surrender, all which this deponent very well knoweth, being quartered with the said Edward Gower in Newarke during the siege and that the said Edward Gower had a passe from the Commander in Cheafe which this deponent did see.

Geo. Mountayne Juratus 17 die Novemb. 1647 Tho: Benet

Thomas Stockdale of Westow in the County of Yorke maketh oath that Edward Gower of Stitnam in the said County Gent. was in Newarke at the surrender thereof and comprised within the Articles made upon the surrender, all which this deponent well knoweth beinq quartered in the same house with the said Edward Gower in Newarke during the siege.

The marke + of Thomas Stockdale Juratus 17 die Novemb. 1647 Tho: Benet

(2) Major Arskyne's Examination

Memorials of Montrose and his times.

10th June 1644 Major John Arskyne's examination

10 Junij 1644. The said Major Johne Arskyne being of new examinat and sworne, maid faith, and declairis that the particular persones efter specefeit were at Bowdounhill the tyme forsaid above mentioneit, by and attour the persones above wreattin, againes the Scottishe armie, viz. Colonell William Stuart, lait adjutant in the Scottishe armie at Newcastle in anno 1641, and that he commanded a regiment of dragownes ; Livetennent- Colonell Brabner, commander of Generall Kingis foot regiment ; Major James Leslie, major in the same regiment ; Captane Johne Blackball, captane of ane foot companie in Generall Kingis regiment ; Captane Browne, captane of the same regiment, who was shott throw the body at the said skirmyshe ; Captane William Hay, captane in the same regiment of ane foot companie ; Captane Leith, captane of ane foot companie in the same regiment ; declairis thair wes two captanes callit Nisbetts, both of foot companies, one of them in Generall Kingis, and the other in the Marques of Newcastells regiment ; Livetennent-Colonell Hamiltonne, livetennent-colonell to Generall Kingis regiment of horse ; Major Ker (SIR ROBERT CARRRE), major in the same regiment of horse : Declairis that they were all in armes in the feildis that day : Declairis that the troupe mentionet in the above wreittin depositione, whiche wes levied upone the Earle Camewathes chairge, — that a part of it wes levied befoir the first of Marche 164-1, and that the same wes still keipit in employment, and wes joyned to Generall Kingis regiment two dayes befoir the conflict at Bowdounhill ; and declairis that the cornet of that troup wes black, and the motto wes ' I dare.' 1

And being interogat what employment Generall King had in the Marques of Newcastell's service, depones, that he wes Liveteinent-Generall to the Earle [Marques] of Newcastell's armie, both for horse and foott ; and that he exerceit that chairge both befoir and efter the first day of Marche last, since October 1643, at quhilk tyme the deponer went thair first. Deponis, that Mistres Persones wes designit, in the commissione granted be the Marques of Newcastell to hir, Captane Francis Dalzell: And this is veritie, as he sail answer to God : Causa scientia wes, that he hard and saw as he hes deponit.

J. Erskine.

Lanrick.

Major Leslie's Examination

27 Maij 1644. In presence of Lauderdail, Lanerk, Wareston : At Edinburgh.

Major Leslie depones, that the Earle of Carnewath wes present on the feilds with the Earle of Newcastell's armie, that day that the battell wes fought in March last neir Sunderland. Depones, that Carnewath raised a troupe of horse in Northumberland, whiche troupe served in Newcastell's armie, and wes calledCarnewath's troupe, and that Mistress Peirsons rode alwayes on the heid therof.

Being demandit who were in companie with Montrose, when he invadit this kingdome, 1 moe nor are conteaned in his former deposition, depones, that, besyde these conteaned in his former depositions, 2 Sir James Leslie wes there.

Being demandit what knowledge he had of Sir James Leslie coming into Scotland three dayes before Montrose incomeing, Depones, Sir James Leslie told the deponer of it at Carleill when he come backe againe ; and farder depones, when he come into the countrey, the minister of Apilgirth told the deponer he had mett with Sir James Leslie. The deponer also declares that he never heard that Sir James Leslie mett with Hartfell, bot onlie desyred to meit with him, bot could not find him ; and herein he repeats his former deposition.

Depones, when Montrose come and invadit the kingdome, he come with troups of horse, and displayed cornets and trumpets, and that he brought alongs with him, neir to Annan, some companies of foote of the English nation, with displayed cullers.

Depones also, Montrose brought alongs with him to Dumfreis Sir Harie Stradlings, governor of Carleill's, troup. And this he depones upon his oath.

James Leslie. Lauderdaill.

(3) Mistress Peirson, aka Capt Frances Dalziel

Frances Dalyell (alias Mrs Pierson) appears in Reid's Cavalier Army Lists 3) with a footnote that she was the illegitimate daughter of Earl of Carnwath, and that she supposedly served under Montrose during the expedition to Dumfries in 1644. Frances Dalziel, with a similarly described cornet is also listed under Earl of Crawford’s Regiment of Horse

Strength

See Also

1) Mark Napier, Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose, Vol.II, Edinburgh (1856)
2) , 3) The Cavalier Army List Volume 1, Stuart Reid 2013, Partizan Press ISBN:978-1-858-651-1