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royalist:horse-regiments:lord-cholmondley [15/04/2020 18:05]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:lord-cholmondley [31/12/2020 14:44] (current)
tim
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 =====Contemporary References===== =====Contemporary References=====
  
 +==Capt Pritchard==
 SP23.85.709 SP23.85.709
 Delinquency of John Earl Rivers Delinquency of John Earl Rivers
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-Horse Troops in Leinster ​dated between September 1642 and May 1643 Add. Mss. 46927 f. 201+==Horse Troops in Leinster== 
 +Dated between September 1642 and May 1643 Add. Mss. 46927 f. 201
   *Sir Thomas Lucas   *Sir Thomas Lucas
   *Sir George Wentworth   *Sir George Wentworth
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 Companies of noe Regiment in Leinster Companies of noe Regiment in Leinster
  
 +==Wyne, cakes and sugar for Col. Marrow==
  
 Shropshire Record Office Shropshire Record Office
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 +==Capts Horton & Dod==
 Captains Horton and Dod served under Lord Cholmondley prior to the Regiment being taken over by Marrow. Horton was captured in Cholmondley House Captains Horton and Dod served under Lord Cholmondley prior to the Regiment being taken over by Marrow. Horton was captured in Cholmondley House
  
 All in Chester petitions. All in Chester petitions.
 +
 +==Lt Ponsonby==
  
 (1) Carte Letters P.349 in Ireland (1) Carte Letters P.349 in Ireland
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-(3) Malpas Burial Register+==(3) Malpas Burial Register== 
   *22 April 1643  Two souldiers that were slain at Cholmley   *22 April 1643  Two souldiers that were slain at Cholmley
   *11 May 1643 A souldier died about Cholmley ​   ​   *11 May 1643 A souldier died about Cholmley ​   ​
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   *18 June 1644 A souldier from Wem    *18 June 1644 A souldier from Wem 
  
-(4) Chester Record Office ​+ 
 +==(4) Walley'​s petition== 
 +Chester Record Office ​
 QJF 90/2 No.175 Trinity 1662 QJF 90/2 No.175 Trinity 1662
 +
 Petition of George Walley. In Col. Gamuls Regiment in City Company. Afterwards Trooper in Captain Bavands Troop of Colonel Marrows Regiment. After Marrows death went into Beeston Castle under Vallet then to Holt Castle under Sir Richard Lloyd.  ​ Petition of George Walley. In Col. Gamuls Regiment in City Company. Afterwards Trooper in Captain Bavands Troop of Colonel Marrows Regiment. After Marrows death went into Beeston Castle under Vallet then to Holt Castle under Sir Richard Lloyd.  ​
  
-(5) Chester Record Office ​+ 
 +==(5) Petition of Venables== 
 +Chester Record Office ​
 QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663 QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663
 +
 Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. Served at Cholmeley Hall, Crewe Hall, Bartholmey, and Hawarden Castle. Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby. Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. Served at Cholmeley Hall, Crewe Hall, Bartholmey, and Hawarden Castle. Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby.
  
-Shrewsbury Archive Ref 2705.142 Extract.undated.+==Shrewsbury billeting== 
 +Shrewsbury Archive Ref 2705.142 Extract. undated.
  
 A note of souldiers billeted with Richard Kerriston since his Majesty was in this Towne. ​ A note of souldiers billeted with Richard Kerriston since his Majesty was in this Towne. ​
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 Item for 3 souldiers under the command of Sergeant Major Spotwood 5 sh. Item for 3 souldiers under the command of Sergeant Major Spotwood 5 sh.
  
-(6) Chester Record Office QJF 90/2 No.180 Trinity 1662+ 
 +==(6) Minshull'​s petition== 
 +Chester Record Office QJF 90/2 No.180 Trinity 1662
 Petition of John Minshull in Troop of Richard Walthall in Regiment of Colonel Marrow. ​ Petition of John Minshull in Troop of Richard Walthall in Regiment of Colonel Marrow. ​
    
 +
 +==Lea'​s petition==
 QJF 90/2 No.187 Trinity 1662 QJF 90/2 No.187 Trinity 1662
 Petition of Stephen Lea Corporal in Richard Walthalls Troop in Regiment of Colonel Marrow. Signed Capt. Richard Walthall and Lieutenant Alexander Weld.    Petition of Stephen Lea Corporal in Richard Walthalls Troop in Regiment of Colonel Marrow. Signed Capt. Richard Walthall and Lieutenant Alexander Weld.   
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 Richard Walthall was previously a Captain of Foot in the Regiment of Richard Fielding and fought at Edgehill. Richard Walthall was previously a Captain of Foot in the Regiment of Richard Fielding and fought at Edgehill.
  
-(7) E.144.16 
-     ​Lieutenant under Captain Marrow 
  
 +==(7) Lt Johnson==
 +E.144.16
 +Lieutenant under Captain Marrow
 +
 +==(8) Lt. Col. Henry Leigh==
 Gents. Gents.
-Accordinge to your order of the 7th of Aprill last in the case of Henry Leigh of Heigh Leigh in the County of Chester Esq. directed unto us, we in observance thereof certify you. That the sayd Henry Leigh in the beginninge of these distractions,​ being Captayne of the Trayned and Freehold Bande with the hundred of Bucklowe in the sayd County did call together the sayd Trayned and Freehold Bande, and did by virtue of Commission or other Authority from the Commissioners of Array in the sayd County, exercyse and leade them as Captayne, and afterwards, when the distractions of this County did Increase, and that the hon:ble Sir William Brereton came downe to put the Militia in execution for the Parliament, the sayd Mr Leigh did goe from his dwellinge howse in the Country, unto the Cittie of Chester, and was there a Lt. Colonell under the command of Colonell Marrowe, a man who was a great enemy and did much damage unto this County, and formerly a Commander in Ireland. And the sayd Mr Leigh did stay in Chester until the same was reduced unto the obedience of King and Parliament, and was one of the Commissioners chosen by the Enemy in Chester (before the same was delivered) to treate with the Commanders for the Parliament, for the surrenderinge of the sayd Cittie, and was a Gent. (as we have been credibly informed) very refractory, and a Cheefe Agent for the houlding of the same so long, which occasioned the losse of much blood, and severall mens lives, and damage and expense to this County, as also the burninge and devestation by the enemy of many faire buildings and habitations,​ and the ruin of many famelyes within the suburbs of the sayd Cittie. And for his estate with the hundred of Edesbury in the sayd County wee certify that he hath an estate in fee (to witt) a demesinie of the cleare yearely value before these tymes of feeftie seaven pounds eight shillings foure pence.....+ 
 +Accordinge to your order of the 7th of Aprill last in the case of Heigh Leigh in the County of Chester Esq. directed unto us, we in observance thereof certify you. That the sayd Henry Leigh in the beginninge of these distractions,​ being Captayne of the Trayned and Freehold Bande with the hundred of Bucklowe in the sayd County did call together the sayd Trayned and Freehold Bande, and did by virtue of Commission or other Authority from the Commissioners of Array in the sayd County, exercyse and leade them as Captayne, and afterwards, when the distractions of this County did Increase, and that the hon:ble Sir William Brereton came downe to put the Militia in execution for the Parliament, the sayd Mr Leigh did goe from his dwellinge howse in the Country, unto the Cittie of Chester, and was there a Lt. Colonell under the command of Colonell Marrowe, a man who was a great enemy and did much damage unto this County, and formerly a Commander in Ireland. And the sayd Mr Leigh did stay in Chester until the same was reduced unto the obedience of King and Parliament, and was one of the Commissioners chosen by the Enemy in Chester (before the same was delivered) to treate with the Commanders for the Parliament, for the surrenderinge of the sayd Cittie, and was a Gent. (as we have been credibly informed) very refractory, and a Cheefe Agent for the houlding of the same so long, which occasioned the losse of much blood, and severall mens lives, and damage and expense to this County, as also the burninge and devestation by the enemy of many faire buildings and habitations,​ and the ruin of many famelyes within the suburbs of the sayd Cittie. And for his estate with the hundred of Edesbury in the sayd County wee certify that he hath an estate in fee (to witt) a demesinie of the cleare yearely value before these tymes of feeftie seaven pounds eight shillings foure pence.....
 Your affectionate friends and servants to the Commonwealth. ​ Your affectionate friends and servants to the Commonwealth. ​
  
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 Frodsham the 26th of May 1646 Frodsham the 26th of May 1646
 +
  
 SP23.183.529 is a pass for Henry Leigh and Edward Morgell at Chester SP23.183.529 is a pass for Henry Leigh and Edward Morgell at Chester
 Edward Morgell was a Captain of Foot not yet assigned to any Regiment. Edward Morgell was a Captain of Foot not yet assigned to any Regiment.
  
-Merc. Aulicus Tuesday July 9 1644 
-But although Colonel Weemes be now in Ludlow Castle, he hopes his present neighbour the Earle of Denbigh e’re long will fetch him out; yet it will not be, unless his Lordship fight better than he did on Tuesday last neare Shrewsbury, where he came with such confidence (being full of his late success at Oswaldstree,​ which Towne he crept into when the Governour Sir Abraham Shipman was gone to Shrewsbury for convoy of some prisoners) but received such a welcome from Sir Fulk Hunks his Foot, and Colonell John Marrows Horse, that 120 of his men were kill’d upon the place, whom he durst not stay to bury, but left them all with two of his carriages, to be better examined by honester men. 
  
 +==Horses & Arms==
 Harl. Mss.2128 f.163 Harl. Mss.2128 f.163
 William Wrights list of horse and arms paid for and what became of them. William Wrights list of horse and arms paid for and what became of them.
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 +==Skirmish near Oswestry: Royalist account==
 +
 +Merc. Aulicus Tuesday July 9 1644
 +
 +But although Colonel Weemes be now in Ludlow Castle, he hopes his present neighbour the Earle of Denbigh e’re long will fetch him out; yet it will not be, unless his Lordship fight better than he did on Tuesday last neare Shrewsbury, where he came with such confidence (being full of his late success at Oswaldstree,​ which Towne he crept into when the Governour Sir Abraham Shipman was gone to Shrewsbury for convoy of some prisoners) but received such a welcome from Sir Fulk Hunks his Foot, and Colonell John Marrows Horse, that 120 of his men were kill’d upon the place, whom he durst not stay to bury, but left them all with two of his carriages, to be better examined by honester men.
 +
 +==Skirmish near Oswestry: Parliamentarian account==
 MALBON MALBON
  
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 Then letters came to them from Colonell Mytton from Oswestry, that Colonell Marrowe, wth foure thousand marched towards him, & intended to beseige him: whereupon the Lorde of Denbighe, Sr. Thomas Midleton, Colonell George Bouthes Regymt, & Colonell Maynwarynges Regimt vpon Sondaye the 30 Jun 1644  marched from the rest of the Company to releeve Colonell Mytton att Oswestry (beinge then engaged): And all the Companyes in Namptwiche, excepting [the militia of] Buckley Hundred & the towne Companyes (wch weire lefte to tende the Towne wth Colonell Brooke and mr. Marbury Gou'​nors) marched towards Whitchurche & Bunbury wth all theire Carryages [i.e. baggage] to meete the reste of the Army: And meetinge all togeither on Monday the  01 Jul 1644 , The[y] marched towards Oswestry: And vpon Tuesdaye the  02 Jul 1644, beinge come saufe thether, they fell vpon the Kinges ptie. about three a Clocke in the Afternoone: The fighte contynuynge vntill Tenne that Nighte very sore & equall: But then, ytt pleased God, to gyve the victory vnto the p'​liamt forces; soe that the Kinges ptie., after greate losse of men & many taken prsoners, fledd towards Shrowesbury. The p'​liamt forces beinge about fyve or sixe Thowsand, (as was thoughte) pursued theim; tooke many of theim prsoners, killed many of theim, & tooke all theire Carryages, & Matches [?], & all their magazen. The foote did flinge awaye theire Armes, and All did Runne, some one way & some another; soe that they weire all scattred, quyte Rowted, beinge all this yeere in Chester, Shrowesbury,​ & all the forces (wch they cold make) for the Kinge, in all those his Garrisons. Then letters came to them from Colonell Mytton from Oswestry, that Colonell Marrowe, wth foure thousand marched towards him, & intended to beseige him: whereupon the Lorde of Denbighe, Sr. Thomas Midleton, Colonell George Bouthes Regymt, & Colonell Maynwarynges Regimt vpon Sondaye the 30 Jun 1644  marched from the rest of the Company to releeve Colonell Mytton att Oswestry (beinge then engaged): And all the Companyes in Namptwiche, excepting [the militia of] Buckley Hundred & the towne Companyes (wch weire lefte to tende the Towne wth Colonell Brooke and mr. Marbury Gou'​nors) marched towards Whitchurche & Bunbury wth all theire Carryages [i.e. baggage] to meete the reste of the Army: And meetinge all togeither on Monday the  01 Jul 1644 , The[y] marched towards Oswestry: And vpon Tuesdaye the  02 Jul 1644, beinge come saufe thether, they fell vpon the Kinges ptie. about three a Clocke in the Afternoone: The fighte contynuynge vntill Tenne that Nighte very sore & equall: But then, ytt pleased God, to gyve the victory vnto the p'​liamt forces; soe that the Kinges ptie., after greate losse of men & many taken prsoners, fledd towards Shrowesbury. The p'​liamt forces beinge about fyve or sixe Thowsand, (as was thoughte) pursued theim; tooke many of theim prsoners, killed many of theim, & tooke all theire Carryages, & Matches [?], & all their magazen. The foote did flinge awaye theire Armes, and All did Runne, some one way & some another; soe that they weire all scattred, quyte Rowted, beinge all this yeere in Chester, Shrowesbury,​ & all the forces (wch they cold make) for the Kinge, in all those his Garrisons.
  
-John Marrow was married for only 1 month and his bride Jane was subsequently sequestered as a delinquent. Her defence was that her estate came into her posession ​following the death of her first husband Henry Hardwood. ​+ 
 +==Jane Marrow== 
 +John Marrow was married for only 1 month and his bride Jane was subsequently sequestered as a delinquent. Her defence was that her estate came into her possession ​following the death of her first husband Henry Hardwood. ​ 
 + 
 + 
 +==Byron to Rupert requesting Verney replace Marrow==
  
 Below shows a request that Sir Edmund Verney be made Colonel of the Regiment but I believe that it went to Werden. Below shows a request that Sir Edmund Verney be made Colonel of the Regiment but I believe that it went to Werden.
  
-William Salt Library Level Item DocRefNo S. MS. 486 Title Letter from John Lord Byron, Chester, to Prince Rupert. ​Defeat of Sir Marmaduke Langdale'​s Northern Horse at Malpas. Roundheads gathering their forces, apparently to relieve Earl of Essex. Proposes Sir Edmund Verney to command late Colonel Marrow'​s regiment. Date 29 Aug 1644 Description Letter from John Lord Byron, [Governor of] Chester, to Prince Rupert. Sir Marmaduke Langdale'​s Northern Horse have suffered another misfortune, `beaten up' the first night they quartered at Malpas by 400 men from Nantwich. Officers did their best, but deserted by their men. Langdale shot in the thigh and lies wounded at Chester. [Major] Maxey and some officers taken, some killed. Rest are marching through Wales, too frightened to come near enemy. Enemy drawing all the forces they can towards Newcastle in Staffordshire,​ `& it is whispered amongst the roundheads it is for the releife of Essex'​. Urgently needs ammunition. Proposes Sir Edmund Verney to command [the late] Colonel Marrow'​s regiment: its officers and the Cheshire gentry both desire it, and Byron has temporarily appointed him. 29 Aug 1644  +William Salt Library Level Item DocRefNo S. MS. 486  
-[Prince Rupert Papers] Extent 1 letter ​+Title Letter from John Lord Byron, Chester, to Prince Rupert. ​
  
 +Defeat of Sir Marmaduke Langdale'​s Northern Horse at Malpas. Roundheads gathering their forces, apparently to relieve Earl of Essex. Proposes Sir Edmund Verney to command late Colonel Marrow'​s regiment. ​
 +
 +Date 29 Aug 1644 
 +
 +Description Letter from John Lord Byron, [Governor of] Chester, to Prince Rupert. Sir Marmaduke Langdale'​s Northern Horse have suffered another misfortune, `beaten up' the first night they quartered at Malpas by 400 men from Nantwich. Officers did their best, but deserted by their men. Langdale shot in the thigh and lies wounded at Chester. [Major] Maxey and some officers taken, some killed. Rest are marching through Wales, too frightened to come near enemy. Enemy drawing all the forces they can towards Newcastle in Staffordshire,​ `& it is whispered amongst the roundheads it is for the releife of Essex'​. Urgently needs ammunition. Proposes Sir Edmund Verney to command [the late] Colonel Marrow'​s regiment: its officers and the Cheshire gentry both desire it, and Byron has temporarily appointed him. 29 Aug 1644 
 +[Prince Rupert Papers] Extent 1 letter ​
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====