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royalist:horse-regiments:lord-cholmondley [07/09/2018 15:26]
1642
royalist:horse-regiments:lord-cholmondley [23/12/2018 14:26] (current)
tim
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 ====1643==== ====1643====
   *March: First Battle of Middlewich   *March: First Battle of Middlewich
 +  *August: Besieged at Cholmondley House (Capt. Horton captured)
   *November: Marrow arrives from Ireland with his troop and takes command of the regiment   *November: Marrow arrives from Ireland with his troop and takes command of the regiment
   *November to December: Siege of Hawarden Castle   *November to December: Siege of Hawarden Castle
 +  *December: Storm of Barthomley Church?
   *December: Second Battle of Middlewich   *December: Second Battle of Middlewich
 +  *December: Storm of Crewe Hall?
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
Line 37: Line 40:
   *January: Battle of Nantwich?   *January: Battle of Nantwich?
   *June: Skirmish at Warrington   *June: Skirmish at Warrington
-  *July: ​Skirmish at Oswestry +  *July: ​Skirmishes between ​Oswestry ​and Shrewsbury 
-  *August: Skirmish at Tarvin+  *August: Skirmish at Tarvin, //Marrow killed//
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
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 =====Coats and Flags===== =====Coats and Flags=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +====Lord Cholmondley====
 +[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Robert_Cholmondeley,​_1st_Earl_of_Leinster|Robert Cholmondeley,​ 1st Earl of Leinster]]
 +====Colonel John Marrow====
 +Marrow had previously served in [[protestant:​horse-regiments:​lord-lisle|Lord Lisle’s Regiment of Horse]] in Ireland
 +====Colonel Robert Werden====
 +[[http://​en.wikisource.org/​wiki/​Werden,​_Robert_(DNB00)|Robert Werden]]
  
-Colonel John Marrows regiment of Horse+====Officer Lists==== 
 +From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user '​1642'​
  
 +==Under Marrow==
 +  *Colonel John Marrow
 +  *Lieutenant Colonel Henry Leigh (8)
 +  *Sargeant Major Spotwood ​ (5)
 +  *Sargeant Major Werden
  
-Lieutenant Colonel ​ Henry Leigh               (8)+  *Captain Bavand (4)  
 +  *Captain Lord Cholmondley ​  Ment. I.O. 
 +  *Captain Edward Dod (3) + ment. I.O. (died February 1644) 
 +  *Captain Robert Horton I.O. Chester 
 +  *Captain Francis Newport E.54.16 ​  
 +  *Captain Thomas Swynnerton E.54.16 (came over from Ireland) 
 +  *Captain James Thornton Ment. I.O.    
 +  *Captain Richard Walthall ](6)
  
-Sargeant Major                         ​Spotwood ​ (5+  *Lieutenant Johnson (7) to Captain Marrow in Ireland 
-Sargeant Major                         ​Werden+  *Lieutenant Norrell E.54.16 
 +  *Lieutenant Ponsonby ​(1) + (2
 +  ​*Lieutenant John Tench (2) 
 +  *Lieutenant Alexander Weld (6) + I.O. Chester to Capt. Walthall  
 +   
 +  *Cornet Robert Banks I.O. Chester to Lord Cholmondley
  
-Captain ​                                    ​Bavand ​        (4)  +  ​*Quartermaster Randolph Kell I.O. Chester 
-Captain ​                       Lord Cholmondley ​  ​Ment. I.O. +  ​*Quartermaster Peter Stringer ​I.O. Chester to Sgnt. Maj. Werden 
-Captain ​                       Edward Dod              (3) + ment. I.O. +  ​*Quartermaster Hatton Weaver ​I.O. Chester ​to CaptDod 
-Captain ​                       Robert Horton ​         ​I.O. Chester +  *Quartermaster Charles Wickstead ​I.O. Chester to Capt. Ja. Thornton ​
-Captain ​                       Francis Newport ​      E.54.16  ​ +
-Captain ​                       Thomas Swynnerton ​             ​E.54.16 +
-Captain ​                       James Thornton ​      ​Ment. ​I.O.    +
-Captain ​                       Richard Walthall ​     (6)+
  
-Lieutenant ​                               Johnson ​       (7) to Captain Marrow in Ireland +==Foot== 
-Lieutenant ​                               Norrell ​           E.54.16 +  ​*Captain Phillip Pritchard MentI.O
-Lieutenant ​                               Ponsonby ​    (1) + (2) +  ​*Ensign ​ Thomas Church ​I.O. Chester to Capt. Phil. Prichard  ​
-Lieutenant ​                 John Tench                (2) +
-Lieutenant ​                 Alexander Weld          (6) + I.O. Chester to Capt. Walthall ​  +
  
-Cornet ​                        ​Robert Banks              I.O. Chester to Lord Cholmondley +=====Contemporary References=====
- +
-Quartermaster ​          ​Randolph Kell             I.O. Chester +
-Quartermaster ​          Peter Stringer ​            I.O. Chester to Sgnt. Maj. Werden +
-Quartermaster ​          ​Hatton Weaver ​           I.O. Chester to Capt. Dod +
-Quartermaster ​          ​Charles Wickstead ​    I.O. Chester to Capt. Ja. Thornton  +
- +
-Foot +
- +
-Captain ​                     Phillip Pritchard ​          Ment. I.O. +
-Ensign ​                      ​Thomas Church ​          I.O. Chester to Capt. Phil.Prichard  ​+
  
 SP23.85.709 SP23.85.709
 Delinquency of John Earl Rivers Delinquency of John Earl Rivers
-A letter to the Committee of Plundered Ministers from the inhabitants of Frodsham mentions Earl Rivers leaving property in the name of Captain Phillip Pritchard,a Captain of the Kings Army.+A letter to the Committee of Plundered Ministers from the inhabitants of Frodsham mentions Earl Rivers leaving property in the name of Captain Phillip Pritchard, a Captain of the Kings Army.
  
-* Thomas Swynnerton came over from Ireland ​ 
- 
-Add. Mss. 46927 f. 201 
- 
-Horse Troops in Leinster dated between September 1642 and May 1643 
-Sir Thomas Lucas 
-Sir George Wentworth 
-Sir Charles Coote 
-Lord Wilmot 
-Captain Abraham Yarner 
-Sargeant Major Slaughter ) 
-Rir Richard Grenvile ​          ) 
-Lord Brabazon 
-Captain Thomas Armstrong 
-Captain William Parsons 
-Captain Thomas Croftes formerly Lord Lisle 
-Captain Thomas Swynnerton 
-Captain Adam Pate 
-Captain Radcliffe Duckenfield 
-Earle of Roscommon 
-Captain Jo: Devallier 
-Captain Bowmerr formerly Captain George Villiers 
-Sir Adam Loftus 
  
 +Horse Troops in Leinster dated between September 1642 and May 1643 Add. Mss. 46927 f. 201
 +  *Sir Thomas Lucas
 +  *Sir George Wentworth
 +  *Sir Charles Coote
 +  *Lord Wilmot
 +  *Captain Abraham Yarner
 +  *Sargeant Major Slaughter ​
 +  *Sir Richard Grenvile ​    
 +  *Lord Brabazon
 +  *Captain Thomas Armstrong
 +  *Captain William Parsons
 +  *Captain Thomas Croftes formerly Lord Lisle
 +  *Captain Thomas Swynnerton
 +  *Captain Adam Pate
 +  *Captain Radcliffe Duckenfield
 +  *Earle of Roscommon
 +  *Captain Jo: Devallier
 +  *Captain Bowmerr formerly Captain George Villiers
 +  *Sir Adam Loftus
  
 Companies of noe Regiment in Leinster Companies of noe Regiment in Leinster
- 
  
  
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-Captains Horton and Dod served under Lord Cholmondley prior to the Regiment being taken over by Marrow. +Captains Horton and Dod served under Lord Cholmondley prior to the Regiment being taken over by Marrow. Horton was captured in Cholmondley House
-Horton was captured in Cholmondley House+
  
 All in Chester petitions. All in Chester petitions.
  
 (1) Carte Letters P.349 in Ireland (1) Carte Letters P.349 in Ireland
 +
 (2) BOOK PRINTED IN 1662 ALSO LOOK UNDER JOHN CURRY (2) BOOK PRINTED IN 1662 ALSO LOOK UNDER JOHN CURRY
 +
 Atrocities in County Meath 1642 Atrocities in County Meath 1642
 +
 A woman under protection, was by Captain Marrows soldiers put into the stock of a tuckmill and so tucke to death, in the town of Steeldalte. A woman under protection, was by Captain Marrows soldiers put into the stock of a tuckmill and so tucke to death, in the town of Steeldalte.
 +
 Lieutenant Ponsonby put two aged protected persons to death at Dowanstowne,​ each of them about 80 years old. Lieutenant Ponsonby put two aged protected persons to death at Dowanstowne,​ each of them about 80 years old.
-Captain Marrow caused about an hundred protected persons, ​ men, women and children, to be put to death in the Barrony of Dooleek, and Lieutenant John Tench killed a protected person, seventy years old near Dooleek.+ 
 +Captain Marrow caused about an hundred protected persons, men, women and children, to be put to death in the Barrony of Dooleek, and Lieutenant John Tench killed a protected person, seventy years old near Dooleek. 
  
 (3) Malpas Burial Register (3) Malpas Burial Register
-22 April         ​1643     ​Two souldiers that were slain at Cholmley +  *22 April 1643  Two souldiers that were slain at Cholmley 
-11 May          1643     ​A souldier died about Cholmley ​    +  *11 May 1643 A souldier died about Cholmley ​    
-27 February 1643/4 Mr Edward Dod Captain under the Lord Cholmondley buried in the Cathedral Church of Chester. +  *27 February 1643/4 Mr Edward Dod Captain under the Lord Cholmondley buried in the Cathedral Church of Chester. 
-   ​4 June       ​1644     ​George Edge who was slain +  *4 June 1644 George Edge who was slain 
-18 June        1644     ​A souldier from Wem +  *18 June 1644 A souldier from Wem 
  
 (4) Chester Record Office ​ (4) Chester Record Office ​
 QJF 90/2 No.175 Trinity 1662 QJF 90/2 No.175 Trinity 1662
-Petition of George Walley.In Col. Gamuls Regiment in City Company.Afterwards Trooper in Captain Bavands Troop of Colonel Marrows Regiment.After Marrows death went into Beeston Castle under Vallet then to Holt Castle under Sir Richard Lloyd.  ​+Petition of George Walley. In Col. Gamuls Regiment in City Company. Afterwards Trooper in Captain Bavands Troop of Colonel Marrows Regiment. After Marrows death went into Beeston Castle under Vallet then to Holt Castle under Sir Richard Lloyd.  ​
  
 (5) Chester Record Office ​ (5) Chester Record Office ​
 QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663 QJF 91/3 No. 19 Michaelmas 1663
-Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. +Petition of Thomas Venables under Sir Thomas Aston then under Major Spotwood under Colonel Marrow. Served at Cholmeley Hall, Crewe Hall, Bartholmey, and Hawarden Castle. Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby.
-Served at Cholmeley Hall,Crewe Hall,​Bartholmey,​and Hawarden Castle. +
-Later under Prince Maurice at Leicester and Naseby.+
  
 (6) Chester Record Office QJF 90/2 No.180 Trinity 1662 (6) Chester Record Office QJF 90/2 No.180 Trinity 1662
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 Gents. Gents.
-Accordinge to your order of the 7th of Aprill last in the case of Henry Leigh of Heigh Leigh in the County of Chester Esq. directed unto us,we in observance thereof certify you.That the sayd Henry Leigh in the beginninge of these distractions,​being Captayne of the Trayned and Freehold Bande with the hundred of Bucklowe in the sayd County did call together the sayd Trayned and Freehold Bande,and did by virtue of Commission or other Authority from the Commissioners of Array in the sayd County,​exercyse and leade them as Captayne,​and afterwards,​when the distractions of this County did Increase,​and that the hon:ble Sir William Brereton came downe to put the Militia in execution for the Parliament,​the sayd Mr Leigh did goe from his dwellinge howse in the Country,​unto the Cittie of Chester,and was there a Lt. Colonell under the command of Colonell Marrowe,a man who was a great enemy and did much damage unto this County,and formerly a Commander in Ireland.And the sayd Mr Leigh did stay in Chester until the same was reduced unto the obedience of King and Parliament,​and was one of the Commissioners chosen by the Enemy in Chester (before the same was delivered) to treate with the Commanders for the Parliament,​for the surrenderinge of the sayd Cittie,and was a Gent. (as we have been credibly informed) very refractory,​and a Cheefe Agent for the houlding of the same so long,which occasioned the losse of much blood,and severall mens lives,and damage and expense to this County,as also the burninge and devestation by the enemy of many faire buildings and habitations,​and the ruin of many famelyes within the suburbs of the sayd Cittie.And for his estate with the hundred of Edesbury in the sayd County wee certify that he hath an estate in fee (to witt) a demesinie of the cleare yearely value before these tymes of feeftie seaven pounds eight shillings foure pence.....+Accordinge to your order of the 7th of Aprill last in the case of Henry Leigh of Heigh Leigh in the County of Chester Esq. directed unto us, we in observance thereof certify you. That the sayd Henry Leigh in the beginninge of these distractions,​ being Captayne of the Trayned and Freehold Bande with the hundred of Bucklowe in the sayd County did call together the sayd Trayned and Freehold Bande, and did by virtue of Commission or other Authority from the Commissioners of Array in the sayd County, exercyse and leade them as Captayne, and afterwards, when the distractions of this County did Increase, and that the hon:ble Sir William Brereton came downe to put the Militia in execution for the Parliament, the sayd Mr Leigh did goe from his dwellinge howse in the Country, unto the Cittie of Chester, and was there a Lt. Colonell under the command of Colonell Marrowe, a man who was a great enemy and did much damage unto this County, and formerly a Commander in Ireland. And the sayd Mr Leigh did stay in Chester until the same was reduced unto the obedience of King and Parliament, and was one of the Commissioners chosen by the Enemy in Chester (before the same was delivered) to treate with the Commanders for the Parliament, for the surrenderinge of the sayd Cittie, and was a Gent. (as we have been credibly informed) very refractory, and a Cheefe Agent for the houlding of the same so long, which occasioned the losse of much blood, and severall mens lives, and damage and expense to this County, as also the burninge and devestation by the enemy of many faire buildings and habitations,​ and the ruin of many famelyes within the suburbs of the sayd Cittie. And for his estate with the hundred of Edesbury in the sayd County wee certify that he hath an estate in fee (to witt) a demesinie of the cleare yearely value before these tymes of feeftie seaven pounds eight shillings foure pence.....
 Your affectionate friends and servants to the Commonwealth. ​ Your affectionate friends and servants to the Commonwealth. ​
- 
  
 Tho: Warburton Tho: Warburton
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 Edward Morgell was a Captain of Foot not yet assigned to any Regiment. Edward Morgell was a Captain of Foot not yet assigned to any Regiment.
  
-Merc.Aulicus Tuesday July 9 1644 +Merc. Aulicus Tuesday July 9 1644 
-But although Colonel Weemes be now in Ludlow Castle,he hopes his present neighbour the Earle of Denbigh e’re long will fetch him out; yet it will not be ,unless his Lordship fight better than he did on Tuesday last  neare Shrewsbury,​where he came with such confidence (being full of his late success at Oswaldstree,​which Towne he crept into when the Governour Sir Abraham Shipman was gone to Shrewsbury for convoy of some prisoners) but received such a welcome from Sir Fulk Hunks his Foot,and Colonell John Marrows Horse,that 120 of his men were kill’d upon the place,whom he durst not stay to bury,but left them all with two of his carriages,​to be better examined by honester men.+But although Colonel Weemes be now in Ludlow Castle, he hopes his present neighbour the Earle of Denbigh e’re long will fetch him out; yet it will not be, unless his Lordship fight better than he did on Tuesday last neare Shrewsbury, where he came with such confidence (being full of his late success at Oswaldstree,​ which Towne he crept into when the Governour Sir Abraham Shipman was gone to Shrewsbury for convoy of some prisoners) but received such a welcome from Sir Fulk Hunks his Foot, and Colonell John Marrows Horse, that 120 of his men were kill’d upon the place, whom he durst not stay to bury, but left them all with two of his carriages, to be better examined by honester men.
  
 Harl. Mss.2128 f.163 Harl. Mss.2128 f.163
Line 200: Line 208:
 1 lost when he went into Wales. 1 lost when he went into Wales.
 1 sold by Thomas Brereton who ran away from his Colonell.’ 1 sold by Thomas Brereton who ran away from his Colonell.’
- 
- 
  
  
Line 207: Line 213:
  
 Colonell Marrow Rowted att Oswestrie. Colonell Marrow Rowted att Oswestrie.
-Then letters came to them from Colonell Mytton from Oswestry, that Colonell Marrowe, wth foure thousand marched towards him, & intended to beseige him: whereupon the Lorde of Denbighe, Sr. Thomas Midleton, Colonell George Bouthes Regymt, & Colonell Maynwarynges Regimt vpon Sondaye the  30 Jun 1644  marched from the rest of the Company to releeve Colonell Mytton att Oswestry (beinge then engaged): And all the Companyes in Namptwiche, excepting [the militia of] Buckley Hundred & the towne Companyes (wch weire lefte to tende the Towne wth Colonell Brooke and mr. Marbury Gou'​nors) marched towards Whitchurche & Bunbury wth all theire Carryages [i.e. baggage] to meete the reste of the Army: And meetinge all togeither on Monday the  01 Jul 1644 , The[y] marched towards Oswestry: And vpon Tuesdaye the  02 Jul 1644 , beinge come saufe thether, they fell vpon the Kinges ptie. about three a Clocke in the Afternoone: The fighte contynuynge vntill Tenne that Nighte very sore & equall: But then, ytt pleased God, to gyve the victory vnto the p'​liamt forces; soe that the Kinges ptie., after greate losse of men & many taken prsoners, fledd towards Shrowesbury. The p'​liamt forces beinge about fyve or sixe Thowsand, (as was thoughte) pursued theim; tooke many of theim prsoners, killed many of theim, & tooke all theire Carryages, & Matches [?], & all their magazen. The foote did flinge awaye theire Armes, and All did Runne, some one way & some another; soe that they weire all scattred, quyte Rowted, beinge all this yeere in Chester, Shrowesbury,​ & all the forces (wch they cold make) for the Kinge, in all those his Garrisons.+Then letters came to them from Colonell Mytton from Oswestry, that Colonell Marrowe, wth foure thousand marched towards him, & intended to beseige him: whereupon the Lorde of Denbighe, Sr. Thomas Midleton, Colonell George Bouthes Regymt, & Colonell Maynwarynges Regimt vpon Sondaye the 30 Jun 1644  marched from the rest of the Company to releeve Colonell Mytton att Oswestry (beinge then engaged): And all the Companyes in Namptwiche, excepting [the militia of] Buckley Hundred & the towne Companyes (wch weire lefte to tende the Towne wth Colonell Brooke and mr. Marbury Gou'​nors) marched towards Whitchurche & Bunbury wth all theire Carryages [i.e. baggage] to meete the reste of the Army: And meetinge all togeither on Monday the  01 Jul 1644 , The[y] marched towards Oswestry: And vpon Tuesdaye the  02 Jul 1644, beinge come saufe thether, they fell vpon the Kinges ptie. about three a Clocke in the Afternoone: The fighte contynuynge vntill Tenne that Nighte very sore & equall: But then, ytt pleased God, to gyve the victory vnto the p'​liamt forces; soe that the Kinges ptie., after greate losse of men & many taken prsoners, fledd towards Shrowesbury. The p'​liamt forces beinge about fyve or sixe Thowsand, (as was thoughte) pursued theim; tooke many of theim prsoners, killed many of theim, & tooke all theire Carryages, & Matches [?], & all their magazen. The foote did flinge awaye theire Armes, and All did Runne, some one way & some another; soe that they weire all scattred, quyte Rowted, beinge all this yeere in Chester, Shrowesbury,​ & all the forces (wch they cold make) for the Kinge, in all those his Garrisons.
  
-John Marrow was married for only 1 month and his bride Jane was subsequently sequestered as a delinquent. +John Marrow was married for only 1 month and his bride Jane was subsequently sequestered as a delinquent. Her defence was that her estate came into her posession following the death of her first husband Henry Hardwood. ​
-Her defence was that her estate came into her posession following the death of her first husband Henry Hardwood. ​+
  
 Below shows a request that Sir Edmund Verney be made Colonel of the Regiment but I believe that it went to Werden. Below shows a request that Sir Edmund Verney be made Colonel of the Regiment but I believe that it went to Werden.
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 [Prince Rupert Papers] Extent 1 letter ​ [Prince Rupert Papers] Extent 1 letter ​
  
-====Lord Cholmondley==== +
-[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Robert_Cholmondeley,​_1st_Earl_of_Leinster|Robert Cholmondeley,​ 1st Earl of Leinster]] +
-====Colonel John Marrow==== +
-Marrow had previously served in [[protestant:​horse-regiments:​lord-lisle|Lord Lisle’s Regiment of Horse]] in Ireland +
-====Colonel Robert Werden==== +
-[[http://​en.wikisource.org/​wiki/​Werden,​_Robert_(DNB00)|Robert Werden]]+
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *May 1645: 100 men at Leicester((British Library Harleian Ms 911))   *May 1645: 100 men at Leicester((British Library Harleian Ms 911))