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The King’s Lifeguard Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelKing Charles I
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignKnown
Field ArmiesOxford 1642-1646

The King’s Lifeguard Regiment of Horse, serving with the Oxford Army throughout the First Civil War

Service History


  • May: Raised in Yorkshire
  • July: First Siege of Hull
  • August: Repulsed from Coventry
  • October: Battle of Edgehill
  • December: Quartered at Oxford


  • August to September: Siege of Gloucester
  • September: First Battle of Newbury


  • June: Battle of Cropredy Bridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Relief of Donnington Castle


  • March: Skirmish at Kidlington
  • May: Storm of Leicester
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • August: Storm of Huntingdon
  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath
  • November to May 1646: Besieged at Newark


  • May: Surrender of Newark


Flags & Equipment

The cornet illustrated above was taken by the Earl of Essex's army sometime between 1642 and 1644. It is not definitely identified as one of the King's Lifeguard's cornets, but this appears probable based on its extra wide gold fringing, crown and royal cypher.

According to Blount: The coronet-devise of His Majesties own troop or Life-guard of horse was a Lyon Passant, Crowned Or, with DIEU ET MON DROIT for motto2)

By 1643 the Lifeguard were being issued with harquebusier equipment3) though this does not necessarily preclude individuals wearing cuirassier armour.

Notable Officers

King Charles I

Lord Bernard Stewart

Sir William Killigrew

Sir Edward Brett

Captain Edward Brett commanded a troop of The Queen’s Regiment of Horse that escorted the Queen to Exeter then was attached to the King's Lifeguard during the Lostwithiel campaign of 1644. Brett was knighted by Charles I on the field of battle and promoted to Major. It appears that The King's Lifeguard was reorganised at this time into the King's troop and the Queen's troop.

Lt Col Gordon

Led the Earl of Lichfield's troop in August 1645

Officer List

The Lifeguard of Horse at Doncaster, 19th August 16454), commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield

  • The King's Troop, commanded by Lord Bernard Stuart, Earl of Lichfield
  • The Queen's Troop, commanded by Sir Edward Brett, Regimental Major
  • The Earl of Lichfield's Troop, commanded by Lt Colonel Gordon
  • Sir Thomas Glemham's troop, commanded by Sir Henry Stradling


  • October 1642: 2 troops at Edgehill
  • May 1645: 2 troops with 400 men at Leicester5)
  • August 1645: 4 troops with 300 men at Doncaster6)

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655.
3) mentioned in Royalist Ordnance Papers
4) , 5) , 6) British Library Harleian Ms 911